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Article: Transcorneal electrical stimulation enhances cognitive functions in aged and 5XFAD mouse models

TitleTranscorneal electrical stimulation enhances cognitive functions in aged and 5XFAD mouse models
Authors
Issue Date2022
Citation
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, How to Cite?
AbstractDementia is a major burden on global health for which there are no effective treatments. The use of non-invasive visual stimulation to ameliorate cognitive deficits is a novel concept that may be applicable for treating dementia. In this study, we investigated the effects of transcorneal electrical stimulation (TES) on memory enhancement using two mouse models, in aged mice and in the 5XFAD model of Alzheimer’s disease. After 3 weeks of TES treatment, mice were subjected to Y-maze and Morris water maze (MWM) tests to assess hippocampal-dependent learning and memory. Immunostaining of the hippocampus of 5XFAD mice was also performed to examine effects of TES on amyloid plaque pathology. The results showed that TES improved the performance of both aged and 5XFAD mice in memory tests. TES also reduced hippocampal plaque deposition in male, but not female, 5XFAD mice. Moreover, TES significantly reversed the downregulated level of postsynaptic protein 95 in the hippocampus of male 5XFAD mice, suggesting the effects of TES involve a postsynaptic mechanism. Overall, these findings support further investigation of TES as a potential treatment for cognitive dysfunction and mechanistic studies of TES effects in other dementia models.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/313488

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYU, WS-
dc.contributor.authorAquili, L-
dc.contributor.authorWong, KH-
dc.contributor.authorLo, ACY-
dc.contributor.authorChan, LLH-
dc.contributor.authorChan, YS-
dc.contributor.authorLim, LW-
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-17T06:47:09Z-
dc.date.available2022-06-17T06:47:09Z-
dc.date.issued2022-
dc.identifier.citationAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences,-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/313488-
dc.description.abstractDementia is a major burden on global health for which there are no effective treatments. The use of non-invasive visual stimulation to ameliorate cognitive deficits is a novel concept that may be applicable for treating dementia. In this study, we investigated the effects of transcorneal electrical stimulation (TES) on memory enhancement using two mouse models, in aged mice and in the 5XFAD model of Alzheimer’s disease. After 3 weeks of TES treatment, mice were subjected to Y-maze and Morris water maze (MWM) tests to assess hippocampal-dependent learning and memory. Immunostaining of the hippocampus of 5XFAD mice was also performed to examine effects of TES on amyloid plaque pathology. The results showed that TES improved the performance of both aged and 5XFAD mice in memory tests. TES also reduced hippocampal plaque deposition in male, but not female, 5XFAD mice. Moreover, TES significantly reversed the downregulated level of postsynaptic protein 95 in the hippocampus of male 5XFAD mice, suggesting the effects of TES involve a postsynaptic mechanism. Overall, these findings support further investigation of TES as a potential treatment for cognitive dysfunction and mechanistic studies of TES effects in other dementia models.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences-
dc.titleTranscorneal electrical stimulation enhances cognitive functions in aged and 5XFAD mouse models-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLo, ACY: amylo@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChan, YS: yschan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLim, LW: limlw@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLo, ACY=rp00425-
dc.identifier.authorityChan, YS=rp00318-
dc.identifier.authorityLim, LW=rp02088-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/nyas.14850-
dc.identifier.hkuros333472-

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