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Article: Alternating high-intensity interval training and continuous training is efficacious in improving cardiometabolic health in obese middle-aged men

TitleAlternating high-intensity interval training and continuous training is efficacious in improving cardiometabolic health in obese middle-aged men
Authors
KeywordsHIITInterval exercise
Continuous training
Weight management
Public health
Issue Date2022
PublisherElsevier: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No-Derivatives License. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jesf/
Citation
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness, 2022, v. 20 n. 1, p. 40-47 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground/Objectives: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) alone has been shown to improve metabolic health, but the effects of alternating the two training approaches as often practiced in real life remained unclear. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of HIIT or MICT alone or alternating HIIT-MICT on cardiometabolic responses in inactive obese middle-aged men. Methods: Forty-two participants (age: 42 ± 5 y; BMI: 26.3 ± 2.1 kg m−2) were randomly assigned to four groups: HIIT (12 x 1-min running bouts at 80–90% HRmax interspersed with 1-min active recovery at 50% HRmax), MICT (40-min brisk walk at 65–70% HRmax), alternating HIIT-MICT or a non-exercise control group (CON). Exercise sessions were conducted three times per week for 16 weeks. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), body composition (by bioelectrical impedance analysis), blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and lipid profile were assessed at baseline and after the 16-week intervention. Enjoyment and self-efficacy were also assessed at the end of intervention. Results: All exercise groups showed a similar VO2max increase of ∼15% (HIIT: 34.3 ± 4.4 vs 39.1 ± 5.4; MICT: 34.9 ± 5.0 vs 39.4 ± 7.2; and alternating HIIT-MICT: 34.4 ± 5.0 vs 40.3 ± 4.6 mL kg−1min−1) compared to baseline and CON (all p < 0.05). Weight, BMI, % fat and waist circumference also showed similar reductions in all exercise groups compared to baseline and CON (all p < 0.05). No significant group difference was observed for all blood markers. Compared to baseline, total cholesterol decreased after HIIT-MICT, while HIIT significantly decreased fasting insulin level and improved insulin resistance (p < 0.05). Enjoyment, self-efficacy and adherence were similar among all exercise groups. Conclusion: HIIT or MICT alone or alternating HIIT-MICT similarly improve cardiovascular fitness and body composition in obese middle-aged men despite differences in total training volume and time commitment.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/310108
ISSN
2021 Impact Factor: 3.465
2020 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.771
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorPoon, ETC-
dc.contributor.authorSiu, PMF-
dc.contributor.authorWongpipit, W-
dc.contributor.authorGibala, M-
dc.contributor.authorWong, SHS-
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-24T02:23:56Z-
dc.date.available2022-01-24T02:23:56Z-
dc.date.issued2022-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Exercise Science & Fitness, 2022, v. 20 n. 1, p. 40-47-
dc.identifier.issn1728-869X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/310108-
dc.description.abstractBackground/Objectives: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) alone has been shown to improve metabolic health, but the effects of alternating the two training approaches as often practiced in real life remained unclear. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of HIIT or MICT alone or alternating HIIT-MICT on cardiometabolic responses in inactive obese middle-aged men. Methods: Forty-two participants (age: 42 ± 5 y; BMI: 26.3 ± 2.1 kg m−2) were randomly assigned to four groups: HIIT (12 x 1-min running bouts at 80–90% HRmax interspersed with 1-min active recovery at 50% HRmax), MICT (40-min brisk walk at 65–70% HRmax), alternating HIIT-MICT or a non-exercise control group (CON). Exercise sessions were conducted three times per week for 16 weeks. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), body composition (by bioelectrical impedance analysis), blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and lipid profile were assessed at baseline and after the 16-week intervention. Enjoyment and self-efficacy were also assessed at the end of intervention. Results: All exercise groups showed a similar VO2max increase of ∼15% (HIIT: 34.3 ± 4.4 vs 39.1 ± 5.4; MICT: 34.9 ± 5.0 vs 39.4 ± 7.2; and alternating HIIT-MICT: 34.4 ± 5.0 vs 40.3 ± 4.6 mL kg−1min−1) compared to baseline and CON (all p < 0.05). Weight, BMI, % fat and waist circumference also showed similar reductions in all exercise groups compared to baseline and CON (all p < 0.05). No significant group difference was observed for all blood markers. Compared to baseline, total cholesterol decreased after HIIT-MICT, while HIIT significantly decreased fasting insulin level and improved insulin resistance (p < 0.05). Enjoyment, self-efficacy and adherence were similar among all exercise groups. Conclusion: HIIT or MICT alone or alternating HIIT-MICT similarly improve cardiovascular fitness and body composition in obese middle-aged men despite differences in total training volume and time commitment.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherElsevier: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No-Derivatives License. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jesf/-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Exercise Science & Fitness-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.subjectHIITInterval exercise-
dc.subjectContinuous training-
dc.subjectWeight management-
dc.subjectPublic health-
dc.titleAlternating high-intensity interval training and continuous training is efficacious in improving cardiometabolic health in obese middle-aged men-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailSiu, PMF: pmsiu@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authoritySiu, PMF=rp02292-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jesf.2021.11.003-
dc.identifier.pmid34987589-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC8689221-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85121221279-
dc.identifier.hkuros331431-
dc.identifier.volume20-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage40-
dc.identifier.epage47-
dc.publisher.placeSingapore-

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