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Article: Assessing the effect of a mind-body exercise, qigong Baduanjin, on sleep disturbance among women experiencing intimate partner violence and possible mediating factors: a randomized-controlled trial

TitleAssessing the effect of a mind-body exercise, qigong Baduanjin, on sleep disturbance among women experiencing intimate partner violence and possible mediating factors: a randomized-controlled trial
Authors
Keywordsqigong
intimate partner violence
complementary and alternative medicine
non-pharmacological intervention
mind-body
Issue Date2021
PublisherThe American Academy of Sleep Medicine. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.aasmnet.org/jcsm
Citation
The Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 2021, v. 17 n. 5, p. 993-1003 How to Cite?
AbstractSTUDY OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the effects of a mind-body exercise, qigong Baduanjin, on sleep disturbances in women experiencing intimate partner violence and explore the mediating role of depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and inflammation in producing the effects. METHODS:A subgroup of a parent randomized controlled trial was randomized for a 22-week Baduanjin intervention (n = 94) or wait-list control (n = 92). Questionnaires, including the General Sleep Disturbance Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory version II, were administered at baseline, posttraining (6 weeks), and postintervention (22 weeks), and blood samples were collected to assess tumor necrosis factor and interleukin 6 levels at baseline and postintervention only. RESULTS:Of the 186 participants, 170 completed the study. Results indicate that the total sleep disturbance scores for the intervention group were significantly lower than those for the wait-list control group at week 6 (difference = −7.96; 95% confidence interval [CI], −13.63 to −2.30; P = .006) and week 22 (difference = −7.17; 95% CI, −12.58 to −1.76; P = .01). Mediation analysis showed a statistically significant indirect effect of the intervention on sleep improvement through reducing depressive symptoms (β = 2.58, 95% CI, 0.69 to 5.09), while the mediating effects of perceived stress and inflammation were not significant. CONCLUSIONS:Qigong Baduanjin can be recommended for women who experience intimate partner violence and report sleep disturbances. More research is needed to understand the clinical significance of the observed sleep improvements. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION:Registry: ClinicalTrials.gov; Name: Qigong Intervention Program for Abused Chinese Women; URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02060123; Identifier: NCT02060123.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/307773
ISSN
2020 Impact Factor: 4.062
2020 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.529
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCheung, DST-
dc.contributor.authorChau, PH-
dc.contributor.authorYeung, WF-
dc.contributor.authorDeng, W-
dc.contributor.authorHong, AWL-
dc.contributor.authorTiwari, AFY-
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-12T13:37:37Z-
dc.date.available2021-11-12T13:37:37Z-
dc.date.issued2021-
dc.identifier.citationThe Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 2021, v. 17 n. 5, p. 993-1003-
dc.identifier.issn1550-9389-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/307773-
dc.description.abstractSTUDY OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the effects of a mind-body exercise, qigong Baduanjin, on sleep disturbances in women experiencing intimate partner violence and explore the mediating role of depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and inflammation in producing the effects. METHODS:A subgroup of a parent randomized controlled trial was randomized for a 22-week Baduanjin intervention (n = 94) or wait-list control (n = 92). Questionnaires, including the General Sleep Disturbance Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory version II, were administered at baseline, posttraining (6 weeks), and postintervention (22 weeks), and blood samples were collected to assess tumor necrosis factor and interleukin 6 levels at baseline and postintervention only. RESULTS:Of the 186 participants, 170 completed the study. Results indicate that the total sleep disturbance scores for the intervention group were significantly lower than those for the wait-list control group at week 6 (difference = −7.96; 95% confidence interval [CI], −13.63 to −2.30; P = .006) and week 22 (difference = −7.17; 95% CI, −12.58 to −1.76; P = .01). Mediation analysis showed a statistically significant indirect effect of the intervention on sleep improvement through reducing depressive symptoms (β = 2.58, 95% CI, 0.69 to 5.09), while the mediating effects of perceived stress and inflammation were not significant. CONCLUSIONS:Qigong Baduanjin can be recommended for women who experience intimate partner violence and report sleep disturbances. More research is needed to understand the clinical significance of the observed sleep improvements. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION:Registry: ClinicalTrials.gov; Name: Qigong Intervention Program for Abused Chinese Women; URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02060123; Identifier: NCT02060123.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe American Academy of Sleep Medicine. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.aasmnet.org/jcsm-
dc.relation.ispartofThe Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine-
dc.rightsThis article has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine published by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine -
dc.subjectqigong-
dc.subjectintimate partner violence-
dc.subjectcomplementary and alternative medicine-
dc.subjectnon-pharmacological intervention-
dc.subjectmind-body-
dc.titleAssessing the effect of a mind-body exercise, qigong Baduanjin, on sleep disturbance among women experiencing intimate partner violence and possible mediating factors: a randomized-controlled trial-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, DST: denisest@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChau, PH: phpchau@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, DST=rp02526-
dc.identifier.authorityChau, PH=rp00574-
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.5664/jcsm.9102-
dc.identifier.pmid33551021-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC8320488-
dc.identifier.hkuros329648-
dc.identifier.volume17-
dc.identifier.issue5-
dc.identifier.spage993-
dc.identifier.epage1003-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000660335600017-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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