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Conference Paper: Effects of Expressive Arts-based Intervention in quality of life and social support of depressed elderly

TitleEffects of Expressive Arts-based Intervention in quality of life and social support of depressed elderly
Authors
Issue Date2020
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at https://academic.oup.com/abm
Citation
The 41st Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, Virtual Conference, San Francisco, CA, USA, 1-4 April 2020. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2020, v. 54 n. Suppl. 1, p. S691, abstract no. D102 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Geriatric depression has long been a prominent issue at global level due to the deteriorating physical health along with aging and its impacts on quality of life. Perceived social support is regarded as a protective factor against unfavorable health conditions among the aging population. Expressive Artsbased (EAB) group intervention emerges as an alternative treatment for geriatric depression because it provides a space for elderly to explore and express their feelings through arts creation, as well as to receive support from others. The present study aimed to explore the potential benefits of such intervention in improving the quality of life and perceived social support of elderly with mild-and-moderate depressive symptoms. Method: A single goup pre-post quasi-experimental design was adopted. One hundred and eighty nine old adults (86.8% Female; Age: M=74.7, SD=8.1) with mild-and-moderate depressive symptoms and without major cognitive impairment, from 27 elderly centers in Hong Kong, were included in this study. They were invited to participate in an 8-week EAB group intervention which was led by trained healthcare professionals in respective elderly centers, with each session lasted for 1.5 hours. Elderly’s quality of life and perceived social support were measured before and after group intervention. Dependent t-test was conducted to assess changes in elderly’s quality of life, quantity of social support and their satisfaction level towards perceived social support. Results: The EAB intervention significantly enhanced elderly’s overall quality of life (t(151)= -3.98, p < .00) and overall satisfaction of their health condition (t(150)= -3.23, p < .00), in which significant improvements were observed in the psychological (t(149)= -2.64, p < .00) and environmental (t(150)= -4.87, p < .00) domains of quality of life. Regarding perceived social support, the average quantity (t(155)= -3.88, p< .00) and average satisfaction score (t(122)= -3.61, p < .00) of social support increased significantly when compared to baseline. Conclusion: The preliminary findings suggest EAB group intervention might be an effective intervention for enhancing the quality of life and social support network of elderly with depressive symptoms. The participants found their lives more satisfied, enjoyable and meaningful. They also gained a bigger network and higher satisfaction toward their social support.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/305647
ISSN
2020 Impact Factor: 4.908
2020 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.701

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, KPC-
dc.contributor.authorChiu, TTW-
dc.contributor.authorHo, RTH-
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-20T10:12:21Z-
dc.date.available2021-10-20T10:12:21Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationThe 41st Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, Virtual Conference, San Francisco, CA, USA, 1-4 April 2020. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2020, v. 54 n. Suppl. 1, p. S691, abstract no. D102-
dc.identifier.issn0883-6612-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/305647-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Geriatric depression has long been a prominent issue at global level due to the deteriorating physical health along with aging and its impacts on quality of life. Perceived social support is regarded as a protective factor against unfavorable health conditions among the aging population. Expressive Artsbased (EAB) group intervention emerges as an alternative treatment for geriatric depression because it provides a space for elderly to explore and express their feelings through arts creation, as well as to receive support from others. The present study aimed to explore the potential benefits of such intervention in improving the quality of life and perceived social support of elderly with mild-and-moderate depressive symptoms. Method: A single goup pre-post quasi-experimental design was adopted. One hundred and eighty nine old adults (86.8% Female; Age: M=74.7, SD=8.1) with mild-and-moderate depressive symptoms and without major cognitive impairment, from 27 elderly centers in Hong Kong, were included in this study. They were invited to participate in an 8-week EAB group intervention which was led by trained healthcare professionals in respective elderly centers, with each session lasted for 1.5 hours. Elderly’s quality of life and perceived social support were measured before and after group intervention. Dependent t-test was conducted to assess changes in elderly’s quality of life, quantity of social support and their satisfaction level towards perceived social support. Results: The EAB intervention significantly enhanced elderly’s overall quality of life (t(151)= -3.98, p < .00) and overall satisfaction of their health condition (t(150)= -3.23, p < .00), in which significant improvements were observed in the psychological (t(149)= -2.64, p < .00) and environmental (t(150)= -4.87, p < .00) domains of quality of life. Regarding perceived social support, the average quantity (t(155)= -3.88, p< .00) and average satisfaction score (t(122)= -3.61, p < .00) of social support increased significantly when compared to baseline. Conclusion: The preliminary findings suggest EAB group intervention might be an effective intervention for enhancing the quality of life and social support network of elderly with depressive symptoms. The participants found their lives more satisfied, enjoyable and meaningful. They also gained a bigger network and higher satisfaction toward their social support.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at https://academic.oup.com/abm-
dc.relation.ispartofAnnals of Behavioral Medicine-
dc.relation.ispartofThe 41st Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, 2020-
dc.titleEffects of Expressive Arts-based Intervention in quality of life and social support of depressed elderly-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailChan, KPC: kpcchan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailHo, RTH: tinho@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityHo, RTH=rp00497-
dc.description.natureabstract-
dc.identifier.hkuros327264-
dc.identifier.volume54-
dc.identifier.issueSuppl. 1-
dc.identifier.spageS691, abstract no. D102-
dc.identifier.epageS691, abstract no. D102-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-
dc.identifier.partofdoi10.1093/abm/kaaa009-

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