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Article: Test of the universality of τ and μ lepton couplings in W-boson decays with the ATLAS detector

TitleTest of the universality of τ and μ lepton couplings in W-boson decays with the ATLAS detector
Authors
Issue Date2021
PublisherNature Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://npg.nature.com/npg/servlet/Form?_action=submit
Citation
Nature Physics, 2021, v. 17, p. 813-833 How to Cite?
AbstractThe standard model of particle physics encapsulates our best current understanding of physics at the smallest scales. A fundamental axiom of this theory is the universality of the couplings of the different generations of leptons to the electroweak gauge bosons. The measurement of the ratio of the decay rate of W bosons to τ leptons and muons, R(τ/μ), constitutes an important test of this axiom. Using 139 fb−1 of proton–proton collisions recorded with the ATLAS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, we report a measurement of this quantity from di-leptonic tt¯ events where the top quarks decay into a W boson and a bottom quark. We can distinguish muons originating from W bosons and those originating from an intermediate τ lepton through the muon transverse impact parameter and differences in the muon transverse momentum spectra. The measured value of R(τ/μ) is 0.992 ± 0.013 [± 0.007(stat) ± 0.011(syst)] and is in agreement with the hypothesis of universal lepton couplings as postulated in the standard model. This is the only such measurement from the Large Hadron Collider, so far, and obtains twice the precision of previous measurements.
DescriptionHybrid open access
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/301558
ISSN
2020 Impact Factor: 20.034
2020 SCImago Journal Rankings: 9.157

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLo, CY-
dc.contributor.authorParedes Hernandez, D-
dc.contributor.authorPENG, C-
dc.contributor.authorTAM, KC-
dc.contributor.authorTu, Y-
dc.contributor.authorATLAS Collaboration-
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-09T03:40:50Z-
dc.date.available2021-08-09T03:40:50Z-
dc.date.issued2021-
dc.identifier.citationNature Physics, 2021, v. 17, p. 813-833-
dc.identifier.issn1745-2473-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/301558-
dc.descriptionHybrid open access-
dc.description.abstractThe standard model of particle physics encapsulates our best current understanding of physics at the smallest scales. A fundamental axiom of this theory is the universality of the couplings of the different generations of leptons to the electroweak gauge bosons. The measurement of the ratio of the decay rate of W bosons to τ leptons and muons, R(τ/μ), constitutes an important test of this axiom. Using 139 fb−1 of proton–proton collisions recorded with the ATLAS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, we report a measurement of this quantity from di-leptonic tt¯ events where the top quarks decay into a W boson and a bottom quark. We can distinguish muons originating from W bosons and those originating from an intermediate τ lepton through the muon transverse impact parameter and differences in the muon transverse momentum spectra. The measured value of R(τ/μ) is 0.992 ± 0.013 [± 0.007(stat) ± 0.011(syst)] and is in agreement with the hypothesis of universal lepton couplings as postulated in the standard model. This is the only such measurement from the Large Hadron Collider, so far, and obtains twice the precision of previous measurements.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherNature Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://npg.nature.com/npg/servlet/Form?_action=submit-
dc.relation.ispartofNature Physics-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.titleTest of the universality of τ and μ lepton couplings in W-boson decays with the ATLAS detector-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLo, CY: samuel3@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailParedes Hernandez, D: dparedes@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailTu, Y: yanjuntu@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityTu, Y=rp01971-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41567-021-01236-w-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85111587526-
dc.identifier.hkuros323819-
dc.identifier.volume17-
dc.identifier.spage813-
dc.identifier.epage833-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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