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Article: Initially Negative Affect Predicts Lower Satisfaction With Future Social Contact: A Time-Lagged Analysis Using Ecological Momentary Assessment

TitleInitially Negative Affect Predicts Lower Satisfaction With Future Social Contact: A Time-Lagged Analysis Using Ecological Momentary Assessment
Authors
Editors
Editor(s):Neupert, S
KeywordsMomentary assessment
Negative affect
Relationship satisfaction
Social interactions
Time-lagged analysis
Issue Date2021
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.gerontologyjournals.org
Citation
Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences, 2021, v. 76 n. 2, p. 295-305 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives: Prior research has linked subjective features of social situations with short-term changes in affect (e.g., across days, hours), but little is known about the directionality of such links. Our study examined the concurrent and lead–lag relationships between social contact satisfaction and affect in the flow of daily life. Method: Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), wherein 78 late-middle-aged and older adults reported on 2,739 social contacts (average 5.02 per day, SD = 2.95) across seven consecutive days, we examined how the level of social contact satisfaction was concurrently and prospectively associated with affect (high-arousal and low-arousal positive affect [PA], high-arousal and low-arousal negative affect [NA]). Results: Higher contact satisfaction was concurrently associated with more high- and low-arousal PA and less high- and low-arousal NA. The influence of contact satisfaction remains for predicting greater low-arousal PA (quietness, calmness) during the next social contact. NA (either high- or low-arousal) predicted lower satisfaction during the next social contact, but such sustainable influence was not observed for PA. Discussion: The study reveals a cycle in which elevated NA may trigger unsatisfactory social contact, which subsequently predicted less low-arousal PA such as quietness and calmness. Our study provided a more nuanced and differentiated picture of the temporal sequencing of everyday social contact and momentary affect. Practitioners may gain insights from our study into the development of just-in-time adaptive interventions that aim for the betterment of affective well-being in old age.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/289485
ISSN
2020 Impact Factor: 4.077
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.432

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLiu, H-
dc.contributor.authorFang, B-
dc.contributor.authorLi, Y-
dc.contributor.authorLou, VW-
dc.contributor.editorNeupert, S-
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-22T08:13:21Z-
dc.date.available2020-10-22T08:13:21Z-
dc.date.issued2021-
dc.identifier.citationJournals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences, 2021, v. 76 n. 2, p. 295-305-
dc.identifier.issn1079-5014-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/289485-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Prior research has linked subjective features of social situations with short-term changes in affect (e.g., across days, hours), but little is known about the directionality of such links. Our study examined the concurrent and lead–lag relationships between social contact satisfaction and affect in the flow of daily life. Method: Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), wherein 78 late-middle-aged and older adults reported on 2,739 social contacts (average 5.02 per day, SD = 2.95) across seven consecutive days, we examined how the level of social contact satisfaction was concurrently and prospectively associated with affect (high-arousal and low-arousal positive affect [PA], high-arousal and low-arousal negative affect [NA]). Results: Higher contact satisfaction was concurrently associated with more high- and low-arousal PA and less high- and low-arousal NA. The influence of contact satisfaction remains for predicting greater low-arousal PA (quietness, calmness) during the next social contact. NA (either high- or low-arousal) predicted lower satisfaction during the next social contact, but such sustainable influence was not observed for PA. Discussion: The study reveals a cycle in which elevated NA may trigger unsatisfactory social contact, which subsequently predicted less low-arousal PA such as quietness and calmness. Our study provided a more nuanced and differentiated picture of the temporal sequencing of everyday social contact and momentary affect. Practitioners may gain insights from our study into the development of just-in-time adaptive interventions that aim for the betterment of affective well-being in old age.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.gerontologyjournals.org-
dc.relation.ispartofJournals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences-
dc.rightsPre-print: Journal Title] ©: [year] [owner as specified on the article] Published by Oxford University Press [on behalf of xxxxxx]. All rights reserved. Pre-print (Once an article is published, preprint notice should be amended to): This is an electronic version of an article published in [include the complete citation information for the final version of the Article as published in the print edition of the Journal.] Post-print: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in [insert journal title] following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version [insert complete citation information here] is available online at: xxxxxxx [insert URL that the author will receive upon publication here].-
dc.subjectMomentary assessment-
dc.subjectNegative affect-
dc.subjectRelationship satisfaction-
dc.subjectSocial interactions-
dc.subjectTime-lagged analysis-
dc.titleInitially Negative Affect Predicts Lower Satisfaction With Future Social Contact: A Time-Lagged Analysis Using Ecological Momentary Assessment-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLou, VW: wlou@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLou, VW=rp00607-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/geronb/gbaa024-
dc.identifier.pmid32060519-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85100125165-
dc.identifier.hkuros316062-
dc.identifier.volume76-
dc.identifier.issue2-
dc.identifier.spage295-
dc.identifier.epage305-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-
dc.identifier.issnl1079-5014-

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