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Article: The heat shock protein inhibitor quercetin attenuates hepatitis C virus production

TitleThe heat shock protein inhibitor quercetin attenuates hepatitis C virus production
Authors
Issue Date2009
Citation
Hepatology, 2009, v. 50, n. 6, p. 1756-1764 How to Cite?
AbstractThe hepatitisCviral (HCV) genome is translated through an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) as a single polyprotein precursor that is subsequently cleaved into individual mature viral proteins. Nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) is one of these proteins that has been implicated in regulation of viral genome replication, translation from the viral IRES and viral packaging. We sought to identify cellular proteins that interact with NS5A and determine whether these interactions may play a role in viral production. Mass spectrometric analysis of coimmunoprecipitated NS5A complexes from cell extracts identified heat shock proteins (HSPs) 40 and 70.Weconfirmed anNS5A/HSPinteraction by confocal microscopy demonstrating colocalization of NS5A with HSP40 and with HSP70. Western analysis of coimmunoprecipitated NS5A complexes further confirmed interaction of HSP40 and HSP70 with NS5A.Atransient transfection, luciferase-based, tissue culture IRES assay demonstrated NS5A augmentation of HCV IRES-mediated translation, and small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of HSP70 reduced this augmentation. Treatment with an inhibitor of HSP synthesis, Quercetin, markedly reduced baseline IRES activity and its augmentation by NS5A. HSP70 knockdown also modestly reduced viral protein accumulation, whereas HSP40 and HSP70 knockdown both reduced infectious viral particle production in an HCV cell culture system using the J6/JFH virus fused to the Renilla luciferase reporter. Treatment with Quercetin reduced infectious particle production at nontoxic concentrations. The marked inhibition of virus production by Quercetin may partially be related to reduction of HSP40 and HSP70 and their potential involvement in IRES translation, as well as viral morphogenesis or secretion. Conclusion: Quercetin may allow for dissection of the viral life cycle and has potential therapeutic use to reduce virus production with low associated toxicity. Copyright © 2009 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/285657
ISSN
2020 Impact Factor: 17.425
2020 SCImago Journal Rankings: 5.488
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGonzalez, Oscar-
dc.contributor.authorFontanes, Vanessa-
dc.contributor.authorRaychaudhuri, Santanu-
dc.contributor.authorLoo, Rachel-
dc.contributor.authorLoo, Joseph-
dc.contributor.authorArumugaswami, Vaithilingaraja-
dc.contributor.authorSun, Ren-
dc.contributor.authorDasgupta, Asim-
dc.contributor.authorFrench, Samuel W.-
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-18T04:56:18Z-
dc.date.available2020-08-18T04:56:18Z-
dc.date.issued2009-
dc.identifier.citationHepatology, 2009, v. 50, n. 6, p. 1756-1764-
dc.identifier.issn0270-9139-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/285657-
dc.description.abstractThe hepatitisCviral (HCV) genome is translated through an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) as a single polyprotein precursor that is subsequently cleaved into individual mature viral proteins. Nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) is one of these proteins that has been implicated in regulation of viral genome replication, translation from the viral IRES and viral packaging. We sought to identify cellular proteins that interact with NS5A and determine whether these interactions may play a role in viral production. Mass spectrometric analysis of coimmunoprecipitated NS5A complexes from cell extracts identified heat shock proteins (HSPs) 40 and 70.Weconfirmed anNS5A/HSPinteraction by confocal microscopy demonstrating colocalization of NS5A with HSP40 and with HSP70. Western analysis of coimmunoprecipitated NS5A complexes further confirmed interaction of HSP40 and HSP70 with NS5A.Atransient transfection, luciferase-based, tissue culture IRES assay demonstrated NS5A augmentation of HCV IRES-mediated translation, and small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of HSP70 reduced this augmentation. Treatment with an inhibitor of HSP synthesis, Quercetin, markedly reduced baseline IRES activity and its augmentation by NS5A. HSP70 knockdown also modestly reduced viral protein accumulation, whereas HSP40 and HSP70 knockdown both reduced infectious viral particle production in an HCV cell culture system using the J6/JFH virus fused to the Renilla luciferase reporter. Treatment with Quercetin reduced infectious particle production at nontoxic concentrations. The marked inhibition of virus production by Quercetin may partially be related to reduction of HSP40 and HSP70 and their potential involvement in IRES translation, as well as viral morphogenesis or secretion. Conclusion: Quercetin may allow for dissection of the viral life cycle and has potential therapeutic use to reduce virus production with low associated toxicity. Copyright © 2009 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofHepatology-
dc.titleThe heat shock protein inhibitor quercetin attenuates hepatitis C virus production-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/hep.23232-
dc.identifier.pmid19839005-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3846025-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-73149090363-
dc.identifier.volume50-
dc.identifier.issue6-
dc.identifier.spage1756-
dc.identifier.epage1764-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000272340600012-
dc.identifier.issnl0270-9139-

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