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Article: Age differences in the temporal stability of a male African elephant (Loxodonta africana) social network

TitleAge differences in the temporal stability of a male African elephant (Loxodonta africana) social network
Authors
KeywordsAfrican elephant
age differences
conservation
male-male associations
social behavior
Issue Date2020
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://beheco.oxfordjournals.org/
Citation
Behavioral Ecology, 2020, v. 31 n. 1, p. 21-31 How to Cite?
AbstractSocial animals live in complex and variable socio-ecological environments where individuals adapt their behavior to local conditions. Recently, there have been calls for studies of animal social networks to take account of temporal dynamics in social relationships as these have implications for the spread of information and disease, group cohesion, and the drivers of sociality, and there is evidence that maintaining stable social relationships has fitness benefits. It has recently been recognized that male elephants form strong social bonds with other males. The nature of these relationships, and thus network structure, may vary over time in response to varying environmental conditions and as individuals age. Using social network analysis, we examine the stability of relationships and network centrality in a population of male African elephants. Our results suggest that males may maintain stable social relationships with others over time. Older males show greater stability in network centrality than younger males, suggesting younger males face uncertainty in transitioning to adult society. For elephants, where older individuals function as social repositories of knowledge, maintaining a social network underpinned by older males could be of particular importance.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/284994
ISSN
2020 Impact Factor: 2.671
2020 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.162
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, D-
dc.contributor.authorMumby, HS-
dc.contributor.authorHenley, MD-
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-07T09:05:21Z-
dc.date.available2020-08-07T09:05:21Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationBehavioral Ecology, 2020, v. 31 n. 1, p. 21-31-
dc.identifier.issn1045-2249-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/284994-
dc.description.abstractSocial animals live in complex and variable socio-ecological environments where individuals adapt their behavior to local conditions. Recently, there have been calls for studies of animal social networks to take account of temporal dynamics in social relationships as these have implications for the spread of information and disease, group cohesion, and the drivers of sociality, and there is evidence that maintaining stable social relationships has fitness benefits. It has recently been recognized that male elephants form strong social bonds with other males. The nature of these relationships, and thus network structure, may vary over time in response to varying environmental conditions and as individuals age. Using social network analysis, we examine the stability of relationships and network centrality in a population of male African elephants. Our results suggest that males may maintain stable social relationships with others over time. Older males show greater stability in network centrality than younger males, suggesting younger males face uncertainty in transitioning to adult society. For elephants, where older individuals function as social repositories of knowledge, maintaining a social network underpinned by older males could be of particular importance.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://beheco.oxfordjournals.org/-
dc.relation.ispartofBehavioral Ecology-
dc.rightsPre-print: Journal Title] ©: [year] [owner as specified on the article] Published by Oxford University Press [on behalf of xxxxxx]. All rights reserved. Pre-print (Once an article is published, preprint notice should be amended to): This is an electronic version of an article published in [include the complete citation information for the final version of the Article as published in the print edition of the Journal.] Post-print: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in [insert journal title] following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version [insert complete citation information here] is available online at: xxxxxxx [insert URL that the author will receive upon publication here].-
dc.subjectAfrican elephant-
dc.subjectage differences-
dc.subjectconservation-
dc.subjectmale-male associations-
dc.subjectsocial behavior-
dc.titleAge differences in the temporal stability of a male African elephant (Loxodonta africana) social network-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailMurphy, D: dmurphy@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailMumby, HS: hsmumby@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityMumby, HS=rp02538-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/beheco/arz152-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85081732548-
dc.identifier.hkuros312453-
dc.identifier.volume31-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage21-
dc.identifier.epage31-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000515094600009-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-
dc.identifier.issnl1045-2249-

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