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Article: Nonpharmaceutical measures for pandemic influenza in nonhealthcare settings—personal protective and environmental measures

TitleNonpharmaceutical measures for pandemic influenza in nonhealthcare settings—personal protective and environmental measures
Authors
Keywordsbreathing disorder
coughing
education
environmental protection
hand washing
Issue Date2020
PublisherUS Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/index.htm
Citation
Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2020, v. 26 n. 5, p. 967-975 How to Cite?
AbstractThere were 3 influenza pandemics in the 20th century, and there has been 1 so far in the 21st century. Local, national, and international health authorities regularly update their plans for mitigating the next influenza pandemic in light of the latest available evidence on the effectiveness of various control measures in reducing transmission. Here, we review the evidence base on the effectiveness of nonpharmaceutical personal protective measures and environmental hygiene measures in nonhealthcare settings and discuss their potential inclusion in pandemic plans. Although mechanistic studies support the potential effect of hand hygiene or face masks, evidence from 14 randomized controlled trials of these measures did not support a substantial effect on transmission of laboratory-confirmed influenza. We similarly found limited evidence on the effectiveness of improved hygiene and environmental cleaning. We identified several major knowledge gaps requiring further research, most fundamentally an improved characterization of the modes of person-to-person transmission.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/282834
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 6.259
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.023
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorXiao, J-
dc.contributor.authorShiu, EYC-
dc.contributor.authorGao, H-
dc.contributor.authorWong, JY-
dc.contributor.authorFong, MW-
dc.contributor.authorRyu, S-
dc.contributor.authorCowling, BJ-
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-05T06:22:07Z-
dc.date.available2020-06-05T06:22:07Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationEmerging Infectious Diseases, 2020, v. 26 n. 5, p. 967-975-
dc.identifier.issn1080-6040-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/282834-
dc.description.abstractThere were 3 influenza pandemics in the 20th century, and there has been 1 so far in the 21st century. Local, national, and international health authorities regularly update their plans for mitigating the next influenza pandemic in light of the latest available evidence on the effectiveness of various control measures in reducing transmission. Here, we review the evidence base on the effectiveness of nonpharmaceutical personal protective measures and environmental hygiene measures in nonhealthcare settings and discuss their potential inclusion in pandemic plans. Although mechanistic studies support the potential effect of hand hygiene or face masks, evidence from 14 randomized controlled trials of these measures did not support a substantial effect on transmission of laboratory-confirmed influenza. We similarly found limited evidence on the effectiveness of improved hygiene and environmental cleaning. We identified several major knowledge gaps requiring further research, most fundamentally an improved characterization of the modes of person-to-person transmission.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherUS Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/index.htm-
dc.relation.ispartofEmerging Infectious Diseases-
dc.subjectbreathing disorder-
dc.subjectcoughing-
dc.subjecteducation-
dc.subjectenvironmental protection-
dc.subjecthand washing-
dc.titleNonpharmaceutical measures for pandemic influenza in nonhealthcare settings—personal protective and environmental measures-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailShiu, EYC: eunshiu@connect.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWong, JY: wongytj@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCowling, BJ: bcowling@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityCowling, BJ=rp01326-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.3201/eid2605.190994-
dc.identifier.pmid32027586-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC7181938-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85083619873-
dc.identifier.hkuros310185-
dc.identifier.volume26-
dc.identifier.issue5-
dc.identifier.spage967-
dc.identifier.epage975-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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