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Article: Analysis of plasma Epstein-Barr virus DNA in nasopharyngeal cancer after chemoradiation to identify high-risk patients for adjuvant chemotherapy: A randomized controlled trial

TitleAnalysis of plasma Epstein-Barr virus DNA in nasopharyngeal cancer after chemoradiation to identify high-risk patients for adjuvant chemotherapy: A randomized controlled trial
Authors
Issue Date2018
Citation
Journal of Clinical Oncology, 2018, v. 36, n. 31, p. 3091-3100 How to Cite?
Abstract© 2018 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. Purpose The contribution of adjuvant chemotherapy after chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) remains controversial. Plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA is a potential biomarker of subclinical residual disease in NPC. In this prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial, we used plasma EBV DNA to identify patients with NPC at a higher risk of relapse for adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients and Methods Eligible patients with histologically confirmed NPC of Union for International Cancer Control stage IIB to IVB, adequate organ function, and no locoregional disease or distant metastasis were screened by plasma EBV DNA at 6 to 8 weeks after radiotherapy (RT). Patients with undetectable plasma EBV DNA underwent standard surveillance. Patients with detectable plasma EBV DNA were randomly assigned to either adjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin and gemcitabine for six cycles (arm 1) or observation (arm 2). Patients were stratified for primary treatment (RT v CRT) and stage (II/III v IV). The primary end point was relapse-free survival (RFS). Results Seven hundred eighty-nine patients underwent EBV DNA screening. Plasma EBV DNA was undetectable in 573 (72.6%) and detectable in 216 (27.4%); 104 (13.2%) with detectable EBV DNA were randomly assigned to arms 1 (n = 52) and 2 (n = 52). After a median follow-up of 6.6 years, no significant difference was found in 5-year RFS rate between arms 1 and 2 (49.3% v 54.7%; P = .75; hazard ratio for relapse or death, 1.09; 95% CI, 0.63 to 1.89). The level of post-RT plasma EBV DNA correlated significantly with the hazards of locoregional failure, distant metastasis, and death. Conclusion In patients with NPC with detectable post-RT plasma EBV DNA, adjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin and gemcitabine did not improve RFS. Post-RT plasma EBV DNA level should be incorporated as the selection factor in future clinical trials of adjuvant therapy in NPC.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/282112
ISSN
2020 Impact Factor: 44.544
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 9.204
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, Anthony T.C.-
dc.contributor.authorHui, Edwin P.-
dc.contributor.authorNgan, Roger K.C.-
dc.contributor.authorTung, Stewart Y.-
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Ashley C.K.-
dc.contributor.authorNg, Wai T.-
dc.contributor.authorLee, Victor H.F.-
dc.contributor.authorMa, Brigette B.Y.-
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Hoi C.-
dc.contributor.authorWong, Frank C.S.-
dc.contributor.authorLoong, Herbert H.F.-
dc.contributor.authorTong, Macy-
dc.contributor.authorPoon, Darren M.C.-
dc.contributor.authorAhuja, Anil T.-
dc.contributor.authorKing, Ann D.-
dc.contributor.authorWang, Ki-
dc.contributor.authorMo, Frankie-
dc.contributor.authorZee, Benny C.Y.-
dc.contributor.authorChan, K. C.Allen-
dc.contributor.authorLo, Y. M.Dennis-
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-29T07:36:05Z-
dc.date.available2020-04-29T07:36:05Z-
dc.date.issued2018-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Clinical Oncology, 2018, v. 36, n. 31, p. 3091-3100-
dc.identifier.issn0732-183X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/282112-
dc.description.abstract© 2018 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. Purpose The contribution of adjuvant chemotherapy after chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) remains controversial. Plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA is a potential biomarker of subclinical residual disease in NPC. In this prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial, we used plasma EBV DNA to identify patients with NPC at a higher risk of relapse for adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients and Methods Eligible patients with histologically confirmed NPC of Union for International Cancer Control stage IIB to IVB, adequate organ function, and no locoregional disease or distant metastasis were screened by plasma EBV DNA at 6 to 8 weeks after radiotherapy (RT). Patients with undetectable plasma EBV DNA underwent standard surveillance. Patients with detectable plasma EBV DNA were randomly assigned to either adjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin and gemcitabine for six cycles (arm 1) or observation (arm 2). Patients were stratified for primary treatment (RT v CRT) and stage (II/III v IV). The primary end point was relapse-free survival (RFS). Results Seven hundred eighty-nine patients underwent EBV DNA screening. Plasma EBV DNA was undetectable in 573 (72.6%) and detectable in 216 (27.4%); 104 (13.2%) with detectable EBV DNA were randomly assigned to arms 1 (n = 52) and 2 (n = 52). After a median follow-up of 6.6 years, no significant difference was found in 5-year RFS rate between arms 1 and 2 (49.3% v 54.7%; P = .75; hazard ratio for relapse or death, 1.09; 95% CI, 0.63 to 1.89). The level of post-RT plasma EBV DNA correlated significantly with the hazards of locoregional failure, distant metastasis, and death. Conclusion In patients with NPC with detectable post-RT plasma EBV DNA, adjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin and gemcitabine did not improve RFS. Post-RT plasma EBV DNA level should be incorporated as the selection factor in future clinical trials of adjuvant therapy in NPC.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Clinical Oncology-
dc.titleAnalysis of plasma Epstein-Barr virus DNA in nasopharyngeal cancer after chemoradiation to identify high-risk patients for adjuvant chemotherapy: A randomized controlled trial-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1200/JCO.2018.77.7847-
dc.identifier.pmid29989858-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85055802161-
dc.identifier.hkuros319716-
dc.identifier.volume36-
dc.identifier.issue31-
dc.identifier.spage3091-
dc.identifier.epage3100-
dc.identifier.eissn1527-7755-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000451439600006-
dc.identifier.issnl0732-183X-

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