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Article: Wall-following behaviour during evacuation under limited visibility: experiment and modelling

TitleWall-following behaviour during evacuation under limited visibility: experiment and modelling
Authors
KeywordsPedestrian evacuation
limited visibility
wall-following behaviour
direction choice
social force model
Issue Date2020
PublisherTaylor & Francis. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/ttra21
Citation
Transportmetrica A: Transport Science, 2020, v. 16 n. 3, p. 626-653 How to Cite?
AbstractWall-following is an important means for pedestrians to navigate during evacuation under limited visibility. Empirical and experimental results regarding wall-following behaviour are scarce in the literature. How pedestrians approach a wall, how they decide on a wall-following direction, and how they address conflicts are still poorly understood. To these ends, we performed evacuation experiments in a mock room. Each participant wore a baseball cap covered with an opaque veil to create a limited visibility condition. Experiment results showed the participants stretched out their arms and attempted to search for the wall tactually in 205 of 270 cases, and in the remaining cases, the participants searched for the wall visually rather than tactually. The findings also reveal underlying behaviour pattern of pedestrians on the decision of wall-following direction. Finally, we propose a wall-following model based on the social force model. The simulation results are consistent with the experimental outcomes.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/280949
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 2.424
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.352

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorXue, S-
dc.contributor.authorJiang, R-
dc.contributor.authorWong, SC-
dc.contributor.authorFeliciani, C-
dc.contributor.authorShi, X-
dc.contributor.authorJia, B-
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-25T07:43:09Z-
dc.date.available2020-02-25T07:43:09Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationTransportmetrica A: Transport Science, 2020, v. 16 n. 3, p. 626-653-
dc.identifier.issn2324-9935-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/280949-
dc.description.abstractWall-following is an important means for pedestrians to navigate during evacuation under limited visibility. Empirical and experimental results regarding wall-following behaviour are scarce in the literature. How pedestrians approach a wall, how they decide on a wall-following direction, and how they address conflicts are still poorly understood. To these ends, we performed evacuation experiments in a mock room. Each participant wore a baseball cap covered with an opaque veil to create a limited visibility condition. Experiment results showed the participants stretched out their arms and attempted to search for the wall tactually in 205 of 270 cases, and in the remaining cases, the participants searched for the wall visually rather than tactually. The findings also reveal underlying behaviour pattern of pedestrians on the decision of wall-following direction. Finally, we propose a wall-following model based on the social force model. The simulation results are consistent with the experimental outcomes.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/ttra21-
dc.relation.ispartofTransportmetrica A: Transport Science-
dc.subjectPedestrian evacuation-
dc.subjectlimited visibility-
dc.subjectwall-following behaviour-
dc.subjectdirection choice-
dc.subjectsocial force model-
dc.titleWall-following behaviour during evacuation under limited visibility: experiment and modelling-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailWong, SC: hhecwsc@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityWong, SC=rp00191-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/23249935.2020.1722281-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85079356976-
dc.identifier.hkuros309188-
dc.identifier.volume16-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage626-
dc.identifier.epage653-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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