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Article: Air quality changes after Hong Kong shipping emission policy: An accountability study

TitleAir quality changes after Hong Kong shipping emission policy: An accountability study
Authors
KeywordsShipping emission policy
Interrupted time series
Segmented regression analysis
CUSUM
Sulfur dioxide
Issue Date2019
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/chemosphere
Citation
Chemosphere, 2019, v. 226, p. 616-624 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: On July 1st, 2015, Hong Kong became the first city in Asia to implement a policy regulating sulfur dioxide (SO2) in shipping emissions. We conducted an accountability study assessing the improvement in ambient air quality and estimating the effect on health outcomes of the policy. Method: We used interrupted time series (ITS) with segmented regression to identify any change in ambient concentrations of SO2 in contrast to other ambient pollutants (particulate matter <10 μm in diameter (PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3)) at 10 monitoring stations in Hong Kong from 2010 to 2017. We validated these findings using cumulative sum control (CUSUM) charts. We used a validated risk assessment model to estimate effects of changes in air quality on death for natural causes, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Results: Mean monthly concentrations of SO2 fell abruptly at the monitoring station closest to the main shipping port (Kwai Chung (KC)) by −10.0 μgm3 p-value = 0.0004, but not elsewhere. No such changes were evident for the other pollutants (PM10, NO2, O3). CUSUM charts confirmed a change in July 2015. Estimated deaths avoided per year as a result of the policy were 379, 72, 30 for all natural causes, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases respectively. Conclusion: Implementation of the shipping emission policy in Hong Kong successfully reduced ambient SO2, with the potential to reduce mortality. However, to gain full benefits, restrictions on shipping emissions need to be implemented throughout the region.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/277762
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 5.778
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.536

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMASON, TG-
dc.contributor.authorChan, KP-
dc.contributor.authorSchooling, CM-
dc.contributor.authorSun, S-
dc.contributor.authorYang, A-
dc.contributor.authorYANG, Y-
dc.contributor.authorBarratt, B-
dc.contributor.authorTian, L-
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-04T08:00:50Z-
dc.date.available2019-10-04T08:00:50Z-
dc.date.issued2019-
dc.identifier.citationChemosphere, 2019, v. 226, p. 616-624-
dc.identifier.issn0045-6535-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/277762-
dc.description.abstractBackground: On July 1st, 2015, Hong Kong became the first city in Asia to implement a policy regulating sulfur dioxide (SO2) in shipping emissions. We conducted an accountability study assessing the improvement in ambient air quality and estimating the effect on health outcomes of the policy. Method: We used interrupted time series (ITS) with segmented regression to identify any change in ambient concentrations of SO2 in contrast to other ambient pollutants (particulate matter <10 μm in diameter (PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3)) at 10 monitoring stations in Hong Kong from 2010 to 2017. We validated these findings using cumulative sum control (CUSUM) charts. We used a validated risk assessment model to estimate effects of changes in air quality on death for natural causes, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Results: Mean monthly concentrations of SO2 fell abruptly at the monitoring station closest to the main shipping port (Kwai Chung (KC)) by −10.0 μgm3 p-value = 0.0004, but not elsewhere. No such changes were evident for the other pollutants (PM10, NO2, O3). CUSUM charts confirmed a change in July 2015. Estimated deaths avoided per year as a result of the policy were 379, 72, 30 for all natural causes, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases respectively. Conclusion: Implementation of the shipping emission policy in Hong Kong successfully reduced ambient SO2, with the potential to reduce mortality. However, to gain full benefits, restrictions on shipping emissions need to be implemented throughout the region.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/chemosphere-
dc.relation.ispartofChemosphere-
dc.subjectShipping emission policy-
dc.subjectInterrupted time series-
dc.subjectSegmented regression analysis-
dc.subjectCUSUM-
dc.subjectSulfur dioxide-
dc.titleAir quality changes after Hong Kong shipping emission policy: An accountability study-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailChan, KP: kpchanaa@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailSchooling, CM: cms1@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailTian, L: linweit@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authoritySchooling, CM=rp00504-
dc.identifier.authorityTian, L=rp01991-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.03.173-
dc.identifier.pmid30954896-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85064228688-
dc.identifier.hkuros306368-
dc.identifier.volume226-
dc.identifier.spage616-
dc.identifier.epage624-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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