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Article: Novel Bat Alphacoronaviruses in Southern China Support Chinese Horseshoe Bats as an Important Reservoir for Potential Novel Coronaviruses

TitleNovel Bat Alphacoronaviruses in Southern China Support Chinese Horseshoe Bats as an Important Reservoir for Potential Novel Coronaviruses
Authors
KeywordsAlphacoronavirus
Bat
Coronavirus
Discovery
Epidemics
Issue Date2019
PublisherMolecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) AG.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.mdpi.com/journal/viruses
Citation
Viruses, 2019, v. 11 n. 5, p. article no. 423 How to Cite?
AbstractWhile bats are increasingly recognized as a source of coronavirus epidemics, the diversity and emergence potential of bat coronaviruses remains to be fully understood. Among 1779 bat samples collected in China, diverse coronaviruses were detected in 32 samples from five different bat species by RT-PCR. Two novel alphacoronaviruses, Rhinolophus sinicus bat coronavirus HKU32 (Rs-BatCoV HKU32) and Tylonycteris robustula bat coronavirus HKU33 (Tr-BatCoV HKU33), were discovered from Chinese horseshoe bats in Hong Kong and greater bamboo bats in Guizhou Province, respectively. Genome analyses showed that Rs-BatCoV HKU32 is closely related to BatCoV HKU10 and related viruses from diverse bat families, whereas Tr-BatCoV HKU33 is closely related to BtNv-AlphaCoV and similar viruses exclusively from bats of Vespertilionidae family. The close relatedness of Rs-BatCoV HKU32 to BatCoV HKU10 which was also detected in Pomona roundleaf bats from the same country park suggests that these viruses may have the tendency of infecting genetically distant bat populations of close geographical proximity with subsequent genetic divergence. Moreover, the presence of SARSr-CoV ORF7a-like protein in Rs-BatCoV HKU32 suggests a common evolutionary origin of this accessory protein with SARS-CoV, also from Chinese horseshoe bats, an apparent reservoir for coronavirus epidemics. The emergence potential of Rs- BatCoV HKU32 should be explored. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/274606
ISSN
2018 Impact Factor: 3.811
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.873
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLau, SKP-
dc.contributor.authorWong, ACP-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, L-
dc.contributor.authorLuk, HKH-
dc.contributor.authorKwok, JSL-
dc.contributor.authorAhmed, SS-
dc.contributor.authorCai, J-
dc.contributor.authorZhao, PSH-
dc.contributor.authorTeng, LL-
dc.contributor.authorTsui, SKW-
dc.contributor.authorYuen, KY-
dc.contributor.authorWoo, PCY-
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-18T15:05:11Z-
dc.date.available2019-08-18T15:05:11Z-
dc.date.issued2019-
dc.identifier.citationViruses, 2019, v. 11 n. 5, p. article no. 423-
dc.identifier.issn1999-4915-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/274606-
dc.description.abstractWhile bats are increasingly recognized as a source of coronavirus epidemics, the diversity and emergence potential of bat coronaviruses remains to be fully understood. Among 1779 bat samples collected in China, diverse coronaviruses were detected in 32 samples from five different bat species by RT-PCR. Two novel alphacoronaviruses, Rhinolophus sinicus bat coronavirus HKU32 (Rs-BatCoV HKU32) and Tylonycteris robustula bat coronavirus HKU33 (Tr-BatCoV HKU33), were discovered from Chinese horseshoe bats in Hong Kong and greater bamboo bats in Guizhou Province, respectively. Genome analyses showed that Rs-BatCoV HKU32 is closely related to BatCoV HKU10 and related viruses from diverse bat families, whereas Tr-BatCoV HKU33 is closely related to BtNv-AlphaCoV and similar viruses exclusively from bats of Vespertilionidae family. The close relatedness of Rs-BatCoV HKU32 to BatCoV HKU10 which was also detected in Pomona roundleaf bats from the same country park suggests that these viruses may have the tendency of infecting genetically distant bat populations of close geographical proximity with subsequent genetic divergence. Moreover, the presence of SARSr-CoV ORF7a-like protein in Rs-BatCoV HKU32 suggests a common evolutionary origin of this accessory protein with SARS-CoV, also from Chinese horseshoe bats, an apparent reservoir for coronavirus epidemics. The emergence potential of Rs- BatCoV HKU32 should be explored. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherMolecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) AG.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.mdpi.com/journal/viruses-
dc.relation.ispartofViruses-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.subjectAlphacoronavirus-
dc.subjectBat-
dc.subjectCoronavirus-
dc.subjectDiscovery-
dc.subjectEpidemics-
dc.titleNovel Bat Alphacoronaviruses in Southern China Support Chinese Horseshoe Bats as an Important Reservoir for Potential Novel Coronaviruses-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLau, SKP: skplau@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCai, J: caijuice@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailTeng, LL: llteng@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailYuen, KY: kyyuen@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWoo, PCY: pcywoo@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLau, SKP=rp00486-
dc.identifier.authorityTeng, LL=rp00277-
dc.identifier.authorityYuen, KY=rp00366-
dc.identifier.authorityWoo, PCY=rp00430-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/v11050423-
dc.identifier.pmid31067830-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85065773852-
dc.identifier.hkuros301129-
dc.identifier.volume11-
dc.identifier.issue5-
dc.identifier.spagearticle no. 423-
dc.identifier.epagearticle no. 423-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000472676600034-
dc.publisher.placeSwitzerland-

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