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Article: Prenatal exposure to influenza epidemics and risk of mental retardation

TitlePrenatal exposure to influenza epidemics and risk of mental retardation
Authors
KeywordsInfluenza
Mental retardation
Mid-pregnancy
Schizophrenia
Issue Date1995
PublisherDr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.link.springer.de/link/service/journals/00406/index.htm
Citation
European Archives Of Psychiatry And Clinical Neuroscience, 1995, v. 245 n. 4-5, p. 255-259 How to Cite?
AbstractThis study was undertaken to determine whether prenatal exposure to influenza epidemics increases the risk of mental handicap. The monthly birth frequencies of 827 first-admission individuals (mean age at admission 13 years) with a primary diagnosis of non-specific mental retardation, discharged from psychiatric hospitals in England and Wales, were examined in relation to the monthly death rates from influenza over the period 1953-1980. The relative risk of developing mental handicap when exposed to influenza epidemics during mid-gestation was assessed by a generalized linear model. Increased death rates from influenza,a measure of prevalence of the infection, were significantly associated with an increase in births of mentally handicapped individuals 6 months later. For every 1000 female deaths from influenza there was a 17% increase in births of mentally handicapped individuals 6 months later. Maternal exposure to influenza at approximately the third to fourth month of gestation may be risk factor for developing mental handicap.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/175725
ISSN
2020 Impact Factor: 5.27
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.454
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTakei, Nen_US
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Gen_US
dc.contributor.authorO'callaghan, Een_US
dc.contributor.authorSham, PCen_US
dc.contributor.authorGlover, Gen_US
dc.contributor.authorMurray, RMen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-26T09:00:47Z-
dc.date.available2012-11-26T09:00:47Z-
dc.date.issued1995en_US
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Archives Of Psychiatry And Clinical Neuroscience, 1995, v. 245 n. 4-5, p. 255-259en_US
dc.identifier.issn0940-1334en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/175725-
dc.description.abstractThis study was undertaken to determine whether prenatal exposure to influenza epidemics increases the risk of mental handicap. The monthly birth frequencies of 827 first-admission individuals (mean age at admission 13 years) with a primary diagnosis of non-specific mental retardation, discharged from psychiatric hospitals in England and Wales, were examined in relation to the monthly death rates from influenza over the period 1953-1980. The relative risk of developing mental handicap when exposed to influenza epidemics during mid-gestation was assessed by a generalized linear model. Increased death rates from influenza,a measure of prevalence of the infection, were significantly associated with an increase in births of mentally handicapped individuals 6 months later. For every 1000 female deaths from influenza there was a 17% increase in births of mentally handicapped individuals 6 months later. Maternal exposure to influenza at approximately the third to fourth month of gestation may be risk factor for developing mental handicap.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherDr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.link.springer.de/link/service/journals/00406/index.htmen_US
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscienceen_US
dc.subjectInfluenza-
dc.subjectMental retardation-
dc.subjectMid-pregnancy-
dc.subjectSchizophrenia-
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshDisease Outbreaksen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshGreat Britain - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshIncidenceen_US
dc.subject.meshInfluenza, Human - Complications - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshIntellectual Disability - Etiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshPregnancyen_US
dc.subject.meshPrenatal Exposure Delayed Effectsen_US
dc.subject.meshRetrospective Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshSeasonsen_US
dc.subject.meshSeverity Of Illness Indexen_US
dc.titlePrenatal exposure to influenza epidemics and risk of mental retardationen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailSham, PC: pcsham@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authoritySham, PC=rp00459en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/BF02191805en_US
dc.identifier.pmid7578289-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0029004360en_US
dc.identifier.volume245en_US
dc.identifier.issue4-5en_US
dc.identifier.spage255en_US
dc.identifier.epage259en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1995RJ26200012-
dc.publisher.placeGermanyen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTakei, N=35874982900en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMurray, G=7202037054en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridO'Callaghan, E=7005694363en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSham, PC=34573429300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGlover, G=7102248539en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMurray, RM=35406239400en_US
dc.identifier.issnl0940-1334-

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