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Article: Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among United States adults 1999-2004

TitlePrevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among United States adults 1999-2004
Authors
KeywordsReferences (35) View In Table Layout
Issue Date2007
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins. The Journal's web site is located at http://hyper.ahajournals.org/
Citation
Hypertension, 2007, v. 49 n. 1, p. 69-75 How to Cite?
AbstractDetection of hypertension and blood pressure control are critically important for reducing the risk of heart attacks and strokes. We analyzed the trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the United States in the period 1999-2004. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004 database. Blood pressure information on 14 653 individuals (4749 in 1999-2000, 5032 in 2001-2002, and 4872 in 2003-2004) aged ≥18 years was used. Hypertension was defined as blood pressure ≥140/90 mm Hg or taking antihypertensive medications. The prevalence of hypertension in 2003-2004 was 7.3±0.9%, 32.6±2.0%, and 66.3±1.8% in the 18 to 39, 40 to 59, and ≥60 age groups, respectively. The overall prevalence was 29.3%. When compared with 1999-2000, there were nonsignificant increases in the overall prevalence, awareness, and treatment rates of hypertension. The blood pressure control rate was 29.2±2.3% in 1999-2000 and 36.8±2.3% in 2003-2004. The age-adjusted increase in control rate was 8.1% (95% CI: 2.4 to 13.8%; P=0.006). The control rates increased significantly in both sexes, non-Hispanic blacks, and Mexican Americans. Among the ≥60 age group, the awareness, treatment, and control rates of hypertension had all increased significantly (P≤0.01). The improvement in blood pressure control is encouraging, although the prevalence of hypertension has not declined. © 2007 American Heart Association, Inc.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/91589
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 6.294
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.702
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorOng, KLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorCheung, BMYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMan, YBen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLau, CPen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, KSLen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-17T10:21:50Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-17T10:21:50Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_HK
dc.identifier.citationHypertension, 2007, v. 49 n. 1, p. 69-75en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0194-911Xen_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/91589-
dc.description.abstractDetection of hypertension and blood pressure control are critically important for reducing the risk of heart attacks and strokes. We analyzed the trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the United States in the period 1999-2004. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004 database. Blood pressure information on 14 653 individuals (4749 in 1999-2000, 5032 in 2001-2002, and 4872 in 2003-2004) aged ≥18 years was used. Hypertension was defined as blood pressure ≥140/90 mm Hg or taking antihypertensive medications. The prevalence of hypertension in 2003-2004 was 7.3±0.9%, 32.6±2.0%, and 66.3±1.8% in the 18 to 39, 40 to 59, and ≥60 age groups, respectively. The overall prevalence was 29.3%. When compared with 1999-2000, there were nonsignificant increases in the overall prevalence, awareness, and treatment rates of hypertension. The blood pressure control rate was 29.2±2.3% in 1999-2000 and 36.8±2.3% in 2003-2004. The age-adjusted increase in control rate was 8.1% (95% CI: 2.4 to 13.8%; P=0.006). The control rates increased significantly in both sexes, non-Hispanic blacks, and Mexican Americans. Among the ≥60 age group, the awareness, treatment, and control rates of hypertension had all increased significantly (P≤0.01). The improvement in blood pressure control is encouraging, although the prevalence of hypertension has not declined. © 2007 American Heart Association, Inc.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins. The Journal's web site is located at http://hyper.ahajournals.org/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofHypertensionen_HK
dc.subjectReferences (35) View In Table Layouten_HK
dc.subject.meshAdulten_HK
dc.subject.meshAfrican Continental Ancestry Group - statistics & numerical dataen_HK
dc.subject.meshAgingen_HK
dc.subject.meshBlood Pressure - drug effectsen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshGoalsen_HK
dc.subject.meshHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practiceen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshHypertension - drug therapy - epidemiology - physiopathologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshMaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshMexican Americans - statistics & numerical dataen_HK
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_HK
dc.subject.meshNutrition Surveysen_HK
dc.subject.meshPrevalenceen_HK
dc.subject.meshUnited States - epidemiologyen_HK
dc.titlePrevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among United States adults 1999-2004en_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailCheung, BMY:mycheung@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, KSL:ksllam@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, BMY=rp01321en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, KSL=rp00343en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1161/01.HYP.0000252676.46043.18en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid17159087-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-33847633400en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros131537-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-33847633400&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume49en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage69en_HK
dc.identifier.epage75en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000243598500018-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridOng, KL=8340854000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCheung, BMY=7103294806en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMan, YB=10245005900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLau, CP=7401968501en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, KSL=8082870600en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike11569772-

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