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Article: Blood pressure is associated with body mass index in both normal and obese children

TitleBlood pressure is associated with body mass index in both normal and obese children
Authors
KeywordsBlood pressure
Body mass index
Children
Obesity
Race
Issue Date2000
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins. The Journal's web site is located at http://hyper.ahajournals.org/
Citation
Hypertension, 2000, v. 36 n. 2, p. 165-170 How to Cite?
AbstractObesity is associated with elevated blood pressure (BP) both in adults and children. Childhood obesity has become a severe health problem, especially during the last few decades. So far there has not been any large-scale study specifically focusing on the association between obesity and BP in early life. The aim of this study is to examine systematically the association between obesity and BP in preschool Chinese children in mainland China. In 1996, measurements of weight, height, and BP values were collected in a nationwide, case-control study of 748 boys and 574 girls who ranged in age from 0.1 to 6.9 years in 8 cities in mainland China. One obese child and 1 nonobese child were matched for gender and age. The BP differences of the mean-matched pair were ≃5 mm Hg for systolic blood pressure (SBP) and ≃4 mm Hg for diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (P<0.05); a higher value was noted in obese children. The BP value of 19.4% children in the obese group and 7.0% children in the nonobese group was higher than the 95th percentile value (P<0.0001), which is defined as high BP by the Task Force on Blood Pressure Control in Children. Both SBP and DBP were significantly (P<0.05) positively related to body mass index (BMI) values (P<0.05) for children in obese and nonobese groups after adjustment for age, gender, and height. To be specific, an increase of 1 BMI unit was associated with, on average, an increase of 0.56 mm Hg and 0.54 mm Hg in SBP and DBP, respectively, for obese children. In nonobese children, the increase in SBP and DBP was 1.22 mm Hg and 1.20 mm Hg, respectively. An increase in the BMI is conclusively associated with elevated SBP and DBP in nonobese children. Furthermore, an increase in the adjusted BMI was associated with an increase in SBP and DBP in obese and nonobese children.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87585
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 6.294
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.702
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHe, Qen_HK
dc.contributor.authorDing, ZYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorFong, DYTen_HK
dc.contributor.authorKarlberg, Jen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:31:44Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:31:44Z-
dc.date.issued2000en_HK
dc.identifier.citationHypertension, 2000, v. 36 n. 2, p. 165-170en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0194-911Xen_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87585-
dc.description.abstractObesity is associated with elevated blood pressure (BP) both in adults and children. Childhood obesity has become a severe health problem, especially during the last few decades. So far there has not been any large-scale study specifically focusing on the association between obesity and BP in early life. The aim of this study is to examine systematically the association between obesity and BP in preschool Chinese children in mainland China. In 1996, measurements of weight, height, and BP values were collected in a nationwide, case-control study of 748 boys and 574 girls who ranged in age from 0.1 to 6.9 years in 8 cities in mainland China. One obese child and 1 nonobese child were matched for gender and age. The BP differences of the mean-matched pair were ≃5 mm Hg for systolic blood pressure (SBP) and ≃4 mm Hg for diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (P<0.05); a higher value was noted in obese children. The BP value of 19.4% children in the obese group and 7.0% children in the nonobese group was higher than the 95th percentile value (P<0.0001), which is defined as high BP by the Task Force on Blood Pressure Control in Children. Both SBP and DBP were significantly (P<0.05) positively related to body mass index (BMI) values (P<0.05) for children in obese and nonobese groups after adjustment for age, gender, and height. To be specific, an increase of 1 BMI unit was associated with, on average, an increase of 0.56 mm Hg and 0.54 mm Hg in SBP and DBP, respectively, for obese children. In nonobese children, the increase in SBP and DBP was 1.22 mm Hg and 1.20 mm Hg, respectively. An increase in the BMI is conclusively associated with elevated SBP and DBP in nonobese children. Furthermore, an increase in the adjusted BMI was associated with an increase in SBP and DBP in obese and nonobese children.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins. The Journal's web site is located at http://hyper.ahajournals.org/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofHypertensionen_HK
dc.subjectBlood pressureen_HK
dc.subjectBody mass indexen_HK
dc.subjectChildrenen_HK
dc.subjectObesityen_HK
dc.subjectRaceen_HK
dc.titleBlood pressure is associated with body mass index in both normal and obese childrenen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0143-117X&volume=36&spage=165&epage=170&date=2000&atitle=Blood+Pressure+is+Associated+With+Body+Mass+Index+in+Both+Normal+and+Obese+Childrenen_HK
dc.identifier.emailFong, DYT: dytfong@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailKarlberg, J: jpekarl@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityFong, DYT=rp00253en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityKarlberg, J=rp00400en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1161/01.HYP.36.2.165-
dc.identifier.pmid10948072-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0033889173en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros53369en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0033889173&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume36en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage165en_HK
dc.identifier.epage170en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000088862900003-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHe, Q=36821495800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridDing, ZY=55413968200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFong, DYT=35261710300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKarlberg, J=7005218406en_HK

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