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Article: The use of music to reduce anxiety for patients undergoing colposcopy: A randomized trial

TitleThe use of music to reduce anxiety for patients undergoing colposcopy: A randomized trial
Authors
Issue Date2003
PublisherAcademic Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ygyno
Citation
Gynecologic Oncology, 2003, v. 91 n. 1, p. 213-217 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective. The goal of this work was to investigate the impact of music on women's anxiety and perceived pain during colposcopy examination. Methods. This was a prospective randomized study. Two hundred and twenty women referred for colposcopy for the first time were recruited. They were randomized to either the music or no-music group. Before colposcopy examination, each subject completed a Chinese version of the state anxiety questionnaire (STAI) and assessed the anticipated pain for colposcopy with a visual analog scale (VAS). Slow-rhythm music was played during colposcopy examination in the music group. Subjects in the no-music group were examined in the same setting without music. After colposcopy, each subject completed the STAI form again and assessed their pain during examination by the VAS. Results. Women in the music group experienced significantly less pain (mean VAS 3.32 [95% CI 2.86-3.78] vs 5.03 [4.54-5.52], P<0.001) and lower anxiety (mean STAI 39.36 [95% CI 37.33-41.39] vs 44.16 [41.82-46.49], P = 0.002) during colposcopy examination than women in the no-music group. On linear regression analysis, the factors significantly affecting anxiety during colposcopy were anxiety score at enrollment, pain score during colposcopy, and whether or not the women had listened to music during the colposcopy examination. The factors significantly affecting the pain scores were whether the women had listened to music during the procedure and the final anxiety scores. Conclusion. Music is a simple, inexpensive, and easily used strategy to minimize anxiety and pain during colposcopy examination. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87250
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.198
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.284
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, YMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLee, PWHen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNg, TYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNgan, HYSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, LCen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:27:16Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:27:16Z-
dc.date.issued2003en_HK
dc.identifier.citationGynecologic Oncology, 2003, v. 91 n. 1, p. 213-217en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0090-8258en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87250-
dc.description.abstractObjective. The goal of this work was to investigate the impact of music on women's anxiety and perceived pain during colposcopy examination. Methods. This was a prospective randomized study. Two hundred and twenty women referred for colposcopy for the first time were recruited. They were randomized to either the music or no-music group. Before colposcopy examination, each subject completed a Chinese version of the state anxiety questionnaire (STAI) and assessed the anticipated pain for colposcopy with a visual analog scale (VAS). Slow-rhythm music was played during colposcopy examination in the music group. Subjects in the no-music group were examined in the same setting without music. After colposcopy, each subject completed the STAI form again and assessed their pain during examination by the VAS. Results. Women in the music group experienced significantly less pain (mean VAS 3.32 [95% CI 2.86-3.78] vs 5.03 [4.54-5.52], P<0.001) and lower anxiety (mean STAI 39.36 [95% CI 37.33-41.39] vs 44.16 [41.82-46.49], P = 0.002) during colposcopy examination than women in the no-music group. On linear regression analysis, the factors significantly affecting anxiety during colposcopy were anxiety score at enrollment, pain score during colposcopy, and whether or not the women had listened to music during the colposcopy examination. The factors significantly affecting the pain scores were whether the women had listened to music during the procedure and the final anxiety scores. Conclusion. Music is a simple, inexpensive, and easily used strategy to minimize anxiety and pain during colposcopy examination. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherAcademic Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ygynoen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofGynecologic Oncologyen_HK
dc.titleThe use of music to reduce anxiety for patients undergoing colposcopy: A randomized trialen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0090-8258&volume=91&spage=213&epage=217&date=2003&atitle=The+use+of+music+to+reduce+anxiety+for+patients+undergoing+colposcopy:+a+randomized+trialen_HK
dc.identifier.emailNgan, HYS:hysngan@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityNgan, HYS=rp00346en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0090-8258(03)00412-8en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid14529684-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0141534426en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros87513en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0141534426&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume91en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage213en_HK
dc.identifier.epage217en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000185731200030-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, YM=7403676661en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLee, PWH=7406120357en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNg, TY=7402229853en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNgan, HYS=34571944100en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, LC=7402092003en_HK

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