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Conference Paper: Identification of a novel p73 protein binding partner, breast cancer associated 3 (BCA3), in gynecological cancer

TitleIdentification of a novel p73 protein binding partner, breast cancer associated 3 (BCA3), in gynecological cancer
Authors
Issue Date2009
PublisherAmerican Association for Cancer Research
Citation
100th Annual Meeting of American Association for Cancer Research, Denver, CO, 18-22 April 2009. In Cancer Research, 2009, v. 69, Abstract no. 611 How to Cite?
AbstractThe candidate tumor suppressor gene, p73 is a member of p53 family protein. It was predicted to encode a protein with significant similarity to p53. p73 was mapped to the minimal chromosomal region of 1p36 that is recurrently deleted in many types of cancers such as neuroblastoma, breast cancer, squamous cell carcinoma and B-cell lymphoma. Unlike p53, somatic mutation of p73 gene is extremely rare. p73 exists in two forms: the N-terminal transactivation domain containing form (TAp73) and an isoform without the transactivation domain (DNp73). TAp73 exhibits growth inhibitory, tumor suppressive and pro-apoptotic functions while DNp73 promotes oncogenic activity and abolishes the functions of TAp73. Evidence from our previous finding revealed an association between p73 expression and radiosensitivity of cervical cancers and suggested that p73 might play an important role in controlling cellular radiosensitivity. In the present study, we aimed to identify cellular proteins that interact with p73 and contribute to the development of gynecological cancer. Using yeast two hybrid screening with DNp73 as a bait, we identified a Breast Cancer Associated gene 3 (BCA3) as a novel binding partner of p73. BCA3 gene is a novel protein which plays an important role in substrate localization, transcriptional regulation as well as actin cytoskeleton remodeling. Coimmunoprecipitation experiment confirmed the interaction of DNp73 and BCA3 in HEK293 cells whereas BCA3 did not interact with p53. Interestingly, differential binding affinity with BCA3 was detected between TAp73 and DNp73 isoforms. Coexpression of DNp73 and BCA3 showed colocalization of both proteins in the perinuclear region in cervical cancer cell line (SiHa). Furthermore, with RT-PCR using specific primers performed on 7 cervical cancer cell lines, 4 normal cervix cell lines, 10 ovarian cancer cell lines, 7 normal ovary cell lines and 3 endometrial cancer cell lines, BCA3 was expressed at various expression levels in most cell lines tested. Low or no BCA3 expression was detected in 4 ovarian cancer cell lines and 3 endometrial cancer cell lines. In summary, BCA3 is a novel protein binding partner of p73. It interacts with p73 but not p53 suggesting that BCA3 particularly interacts with p73 which may ultimately influence p73 functions. The differential binding affinity of BCA3 among TAp73 and DNp73 implicating that BCA3 might play a unique role in regulating the function of p73 isoforms. Further studies on the molecular mechanism between p73 and BCA3 may give insight into tumor suppressor function of p73 in gynecological cancer.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/63560
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 8.556
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 5.372

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLeung, THYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLee, PKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, CSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNgan, HYSen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-13T04:26:26Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-13T04:26:26Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_HK
dc.identifier.citation100th Annual Meeting of American Association for Cancer Research, Denver, CO, 18-22 April 2009. In Cancer Research, 2009, v. 69, Abstract no. 611-
dc.identifier.issn0008-5472-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/63560-
dc.description.abstractThe candidate tumor suppressor gene, p73 is a member of p53 family protein. It was predicted to encode a protein with significant similarity to p53. p73 was mapped to the minimal chromosomal region of 1p36 that is recurrently deleted in many types of cancers such as neuroblastoma, breast cancer, squamous cell carcinoma and B-cell lymphoma. Unlike p53, somatic mutation of p73 gene is extremely rare. p73 exists in two forms: the N-terminal transactivation domain containing form (TAp73) and an isoform without the transactivation domain (DNp73). TAp73 exhibits growth inhibitory, tumor suppressive and pro-apoptotic functions while DNp73 promotes oncogenic activity and abolishes the functions of TAp73. Evidence from our previous finding revealed an association between p73 expression and radiosensitivity of cervical cancers and suggested that p73 might play an important role in controlling cellular radiosensitivity. In the present study, we aimed to identify cellular proteins that interact with p73 and contribute to the development of gynecological cancer. Using yeast two hybrid screening with DNp73 as a bait, we identified a Breast Cancer Associated gene 3 (BCA3) as a novel binding partner of p73. BCA3 gene is a novel protein which plays an important role in substrate localization, transcriptional regulation as well as actin cytoskeleton remodeling. Coimmunoprecipitation experiment confirmed the interaction of DNp73 and BCA3 in HEK293 cells whereas BCA3 did not interact with p53. Interestingly, differential binding affinity with BCA3 was detected between TAp73 and DNp73 isoforms. Coexpression of DNp73 and BCA3 showed colocalization of both proteins in the perinuclear region in cervical cancer cell line (SiHa). Furthermore, with RT-PCR using specific primers performed on 7 cervical cancer cell lines, 4 normal cervix cell lines, 10 ovarian cancer cell lines, 7 normal ovary cell lines and 3 endometrial cancer cell lines, BCA3 was expressed at various expression levels in most cell lines tested. Low or no BCA3 expression was detected in 4 ovarian cancer cell lines and 3 endometrial cancer cell lines. In summary, BCA3 is a novel protein binding partner of p73. It interacts with p73 but not p53 suggesting that BCA3 particularly interacts with p73 which may ultimately influence p73 functions. The differential binding affinity of BCA3 among TAp73 and DNp73 implicating that BCA3 might play a unique role in regulating the function of p73 isoforms. Further studies on the molecular mechanism between p73 and BCA3 may give insight into tumor suppressor function of p73 in gynecological cancer.-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherAmerican Association for Cancer Research-
dc.relation.ispartofCancer Research-
dc.titleIdentification of a novel p73 protein binding partner, breast cancer associated 3 (BCA3), in gynecological canceren_HK
dc.typeConference_Paperen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLeung, THY: thomas@pathology.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailLee, PK: 04leepui@utsc.utoronto.caen_HK
dc.identifier.emailNgan, HYS: hysngan@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityNgan, HYS=rp00346en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros158345en_HK

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