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Article: Formant Characteristics of Vowels Produced by Mandarin Esophageal Speakers

TitleFormant Characteristics of Vowels Produced by Mandarin Esophageal Speakers
Authors
KeywordsEsophageal
Mandarin
Vowel formant
Issue Date2009
PublisherMosby, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jvoice
Citation
Journal Of Voice, 2009, v. 23 n. 2, p. 255-260 How to Cite?
AbstractWith the use of the pharyngoesophageal (PE) segment as the neoglottis in esophageal speakers, their voice quality becomes significantly different from that of laryngeal speakers. The present study investigated the characteristics of the vocal tract resonance in Mandarin esophageal speakers. The first three formant frequencies of vowels /a{cyrillic}, ε, i, o{open}, u, y/ produced by seven superior esophageal and seven laryngeal speakers of Mandarin were obtained. For each formant, the formant frequencies measured from the medial 80% of the vowel portion were averaged, and data obtained from esophageal speakers were compared with that obtained from laryngeal speakers. The results indicated that esophageal speakers were associated with significantly higher formant frequencies (F1, F2, and F3) and a significantly diminished vowel space circumscribed by the three corner vowels /i/, /a{cyrillic}/, and /u/ when compared with laryngeal speakers. The findings that formant frequency changes across vowels were systematic and similar for esophageal and laryngeal speakers are consistent with those previously reported in English. It can be concluded that vocal tract transmission has been changed in esophageal speakers of Mandarin after laryngectomy. © 2009 The Voice Foundation.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/59846
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.113
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.878
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Hen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNg, MLen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-31T03:58:37Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-31T03:58:37Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Voice, 2009, v. 23 n. 2, p. 255-260en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0892-1997en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/59846-
dc.description.abstractWith the use of the pharyngoesophageal (PE) segment as the neoglottis in esophageal speakers, their voice quality becomes significantly different from that of laryngeal speakers. The present study investigated the characteristics of the vocal tract resonance in Mandarin esophageal speakers. The first three formant frequencies of vowels /a{cyrillic}, ε, i, o{open}, u, y/ produced by seven superior esophageal and seven laryngeal speakers of Mandarin were obtained. For each formant, the formant frequencies measured from the medial 80% of the vowel portion were averaged, and data obtained from esophageal speakers were compared with that obtained from laryngeal speakers. The results indicated that esophageal speakers were associated with significantly higher formant frequencies (F1, F2, and F3) and a significantly diminished vowel space circumscribed by the three corner vowels /i/, /a{cyrillic}/, and /u/ when compared with laryngeal speakers. The findings that formant frequency changes across vowels were systematic and similar for esophageal and laryngeal speakers are consistent with those previously reported in English. It can be concluded that vocal tract transmission has been changed in esophageal speakers of Mandarin after laryngectomy. © 2009 The Voice Foundation.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherMosby, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jvoiceen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Voiceen_HK
dc.subjectEsophagealen_HK
dc.subjectMandarinen_HK
dc.subjectVowel formanten_HK
dc.titleFormant Characteristics of Vowels Produced by Mandarin Esophageal Speakersen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailNg, ML: manwa@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityNg, ML=rp00942en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jvoice.2007.09.002en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid18082365-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-61349118162en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros154938en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-61349118162&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume23en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage255en_HK
dc.identifier.epage260en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000264303200017-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLiu, H=7409748780en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNg, ML=15923631600en_HK

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