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Article: Bear bile: Dilemma of traditional medicinal use and animal protection

TitleBear bile: Dilemma of traditional medicinal use and animal protection
Authors
Issue Date2009
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.ethnobiomed.com/
Citation
Journal Of Ethnobiology And Ethnomedicine, 2009, v. 5 How to Cite?
AbstractBear bile has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for thousands of years. Modern investigations showed that it has a wide range of pharmacological actions with little toxicological side effect and the pure compounds have been used for curing hepatic and biliary disorders for decades. However, extensive consumption of bear bile made bears endangered species. In the 1980's, bear farming was established in China to extract bear bile from living bears with "Free-dripping Fistula Technique". Bear farming is extremely inhumane and many bears died of illness such as chronic infections and liver cancer. Efforts are now given by non-governmental organizations, mass media and Chinese government to end bear farming ultimately. At the same time, systematic research has to be done to find an alternative for bear bile. In this review, we focused on the literature, laboratory and clinical results related to bear bile and its substitutes or alternative in English and Chinese databases. We examined the substitutes or alternative of bear bile from three aspects: Pure compounds derived from bear bile, biles from other animals and herbs from TCM. We then discussed the strategy for stopping the trading of bear bile and issues of bear bile related to potential alternative candidates, existing problems in alternative research and work to be done in the future. © 2009 Feng et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/58223
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.414
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.001
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
University of Hong Kong10206540
10208005
University Grant Committee (UGC) of Hong Kong764708M
UGC20740314
Funding Information:

The study was financially supported by grants from the research council of the University of Hong Kong (Project Codes: 10206540 and 10208005), The University Grant Committee (UGC) of Hong Kong (Project Code: 764708M) and UGC-Matching Grant Scheme (4th Phase, Project Code: 20740314). Especially, the authors are grateful to Mr. Frank Pong Fai and his family for the donation which enables our research on this project (Pong Ding Yueng Endowment Fund for Education & Research in Chinese-Western Medicine, Project Code: 20005274).

References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorFeng, Yen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSiu, Ken_HK
dc.contributor.authorWang, Nen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNg, KMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTsao, SWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNagamatsu, Ten_HK
dc.contributor.authorTong, Yen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-31T03:26:07Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-31T03:26:07Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Ethnobiology And Ethnomedicine, 2009, v. 5en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1746-4269en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/58223-
dc.description.abstractBear bile has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for thousands of years. Modern investigations showed that it has a wide range of pharmacological actions with little toxicological side effect and the pure compounds have been used for curing hepatic and biliary disorders for decades. However, extensive consumption of bear bile made bears endangered species. In the 1980's, bear farming was established in China to extract bear bile from living bears with "Free-dripping Fistula Technique". Bear farming is extremely inhumane and many bears died of illness such as chronic infections and liver cancer. Efforts are now given by non-governmental organizations, mass media and Chinese government to end bear farming ultimately. At the same time, systematic research has to be done to find an alternative for bear bile. In this review, we focused on the literature, laboratory and clinical results related to bear bile and its substitutes or alternative in English and Chinese databases. We examined the substitutes or alternative of bear bile from three aspects: Pure compounds derived from bear bile, biles from other animals and herbs from TCM. We then discussed the strategy for stopping the trading of bear bile and issues of bear bile related to potential alternative candidates, existing problems in alternative research and work to be done in the future. © 2009 Feng et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.ethnobiomed.com/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicineen_HK
dc.rightsJournal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. Copyright © BioMed Central Ltd.en_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.meshBile - chemistry-
dc.subject.meshCholagogues and Choleretics - pharmacology - therapeutic use-
dc.subject.meshGallbladder-
dc.subject.meshMedicine, Chinese Traditional-
dc.subject.meshOrganotherapy-
dc.titleBear bile: Dilemma of traditional medicinal use and animal protectionen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1746-4269&volume=5, artucle 2&spage=&epage=&date=2009&atitle=Bear+bile:+dilemma+of+traditional+medicinal+use+and+animal+protectionen_HK
dc.identifier.emailFeng, Y: yfeng@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailNg, KM: kwanmng@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailTsao, SW: gswtsao@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailTong, Y: tongyao@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityFeng, Y=rp00466en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityNg, KM=rp00766en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityTsao, SW=rp00399en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityTong, Y=rp00509en_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1746-4269-5-2en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid19138420-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC2630947-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-59349089518en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros155595en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-59349089518&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume5en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000207918700002-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFeng, Y=24467969600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSiu, K=26026052800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWang, N=35072317700en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNg, KM=26026091100en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTsao, SW=7102813116en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNagamatsu, T=7006510058en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTong, Y=9045384000en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike3903508-

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