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Article: Cardiac MRI measurements of pericardial adipose tissue volumes in patients on in-centre nocturnal hemodialysis

TitleCardiac MRI measurements of pericardial adipose tissue volumes in patients on in-centre nocturnal hemodialysis
Authors
KeywordsEpicardial fat
Cardiac MRI
Dialysis
Ventricular remodeling
Issue Date2020
PublisherSpringer Verlag. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/nephrology/journal/40620
Citation
Journal of Nephrology, 2020, v. 33, p. 355-363 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Conversion from conventional hemodialysis (CHD) to in-centre nocturnal hemodialysis (INHD) is associated with left ventricular (LV) mass regression, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Using cardiac MRI (CMR), we examined the effects of INHD on epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and paracardial adipose tissue (PAT), and the relationships between EAT, PAT and LV remodeling, biomarkers of nutrition, myocardial injury, fibrosis and volume. Methods: We conducted a prospective multicenter cohort study of 37 patients transitioned from CHD to INHD and 30 patients on CHD (control). Biochemical markers and CMR were performed at baseline and 52 weeks. CMR images were analyzed by independent readers, blinded to order and treatment group. Results: Among 64 participants with complete CMR studies at baseline (mean age 54; 43% women), there were no significant differences in EAT index (60.6 ± 4.3 mL/m2 vs 64.2 ± 5.1 mL/m2, p = 0.99) or PAT index (60.0 ± 5.4 mL/m2 vs 53.2 ± 5.9 mL/m2, p = 0.42) between INHD and CHD groups. Over 52 weeks, EAT index and PAT index did not change significantly in INHD and CHD groups (p = 0.21 and 0.14, respectively), and the changes in EAT index and PAT index did not differ significantly between INHD and CHD groups (p = 0.30 and 0.16, respectively). Overall, changes in EAT index inversely correlated with changes in LV end-systolic volume index (LVESVI) but not LV end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI), LV mass index (LVMI), and LV ejection fraction (LVEF). Changes in PAT index inversely correlated with changes in LVESVI, LVMI and positively correlated with changes in LVEF. There were no correlations between changes in EAT index or PAT index with changes in albumin, LDL, triglycerides, troponin-I, FGF-23, or NT-proBNP levels over 52 weeks (all p > 0.30). Conclusions: INHD was not associated with any changes in EAT index and PAT index over 12 months. Changes in EAT index were not significantly associated with changes in markers of LV remodeling, nutrition, myocardial injury, fibrosis, volume status. In contrast, changes in PAT index, which paradoxically is expected to exert less paracrine effect on the myocardium, were correlated with changes in LVESVI, LVMI and LVEF. Larger and longer-term studies may clarify the role of PAT in cardiac remodeling with intensified hemodialysis.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/279977
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 3.484
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.689
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCai, S-
dc.contributor.authorWald, R-
dc.contributor.authorDeva, DP-
dc.contributor.authorKiaii, M-
dc.contributor.authorNg, MY-
dc.contributor.authorKarur, GR-
dc.contributor.authorBello, O-
dc.contributor.authorLi, ZJ-
dc.contributor.authorLeipsic, J-
dc.contributor.authorJimenez-Juan, L-
dc.contributor.authorKirpalani, A-
dc.contributor.authorConnelly, KA-
dc.contributor.authorYan, AT-
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-23T08:24:29Z-
dc.date.available2019-12-23T08:24:29Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Nephrology, 2020, v. 33, p. 355-363-
dc.identifier.issn1121-8428-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/279977-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Conversion from conventional hemodialysis (CHD) to in-centre nocturnal hemodialysis (INHD) is associated with left ventricular (LV) mass regression, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Using cardiac MRI (CMR), we examined the effects of INHD on epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and paracardial adipose tissue (PAT), and the relationships between EAT, PAT and LV remodeling, biomarkers of nutrition, myocardial injury, fibrosis and volume. Methods: We conducted a prospective multicenter cohort study of 37 patients transitioned from CHD to INHD and 30 patients on CHD (control). Biochemical markers and CMR were performed at baseline and 52 weeks. CMR images were analyzed by independent readers, blinded to order and treatment group. Results: Among 64 participants with complete CMR studies at baseline (mean age 54; 43% women), there were no significant differences in EAT index (60.6 ± 4.3 mL/m2 vs 64.2 ± 5.1 mL/m2, p = 0.99) or PAT index (60.0 ± 5.4 mL/m2 vs 53.2 ± 5.9 mL/m2, p = 0.42) between INHD and CHD groups. Over 52 weeks, EAT index and PAT index did not change significantly in INHD and CHD groups (p = 0.21 and 0.14, respectively), and the changes in EAT index and PAT index did not differ significantly between INHD and CHD groups (p = 0.30 and 0.16, respectively). Overall, changes in EAT index inversely correlated with changes in LV end-systolic volume index (LVESVI) but not LV end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI), LV mass index (LVMI), and LV ejection fraction (LVEF). Changes in PAT index inversely correlated with changes in LVESVI, LVMI and positively correlated with changes in LVEF. There were no correlations between changes in EAT index or PAT index with changes in albumin, LDL, triglycerides, troponin-I, FGF-23, or NT-proBNP levels over 52 weeks (all p > 0.30). Conclusions: INHD was not associated with any changes in EAT index and PAT index over 12 months. Changes in EAT index were not significantly associated with changes in markers of LV remodeling, nutrition, myocardial injury, fibrosis, volume status. In contrast, changes in PAT index, which paradoxically is expected to exert less paracrine effect on the myocardium, were correlated with changes in LVESVI, LVMI and LVEF. Larger and longer-term studies may clarify the role of PAT in cardiac remodeling with intensified hemodialysis.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherSpringer Verlag. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/nephrology/journal/40620-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Nephrology-
dc.rightsThis is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in [insert journal title]. The final authenticated version is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/[insert DOI]-
dc.subjectEpicardial fat-
dc.subjectCardiac MRI-
dc.subjectDialysis-
dc.subjectVentricular remodeling-
dc.titleCardiac MRI measurements of pericardial adipose tissue volumes in patients on in-centre nocturnal hemodialysis-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailNg, MY: myng2@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityNg, MY=rp01976-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s40620-019-00665-4-
dc.identifier.pmid31728837-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85075043765-
dc.identifier.hkuros308750-
dc.identifier.volume33-
dc.identifier.spage355-
dc.identifier.epage363-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000523031400019-
dc.publisher.placeGermany-

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