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Article: Shear wave velocity and stiffness of sand: the role of non-plastic fines

TitleShear wave velocity and stiffness of sand: the role of non-plastic fines
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherThomas Telford (ICE Publishing). The Journal's web site is located at http://www.geotechnique-ice.com
Citation
Geotechnique, 2016, v. 66 n. 6, p. 500-514 How to Cite?
AbstractCurrent knowledge on the shear wave velocity (Vs) and associated stiffness (G0) of sand is built mainly on the results of extensive laboratory studies on clean quartz sands. Often natural sands are not clean, but contain a certain amount of fines. The role of fines in altering the stiffness of sands is a matter of great concern, yet remains poorly understood. This paper presents an investigation into the problem through well-controlled laboratory experiments in conjunction with analysis and interpretation at the macro and micro scale. The laboratory experiments were conducted for a sequence of mixtures of clean quartz sand and crushed silica fines under saturated conditions, by the simultaneous use of the resonant column (RC) and bender element (BE) techniques. A broad range of states in terms of void ratio, confining stress and fines content was covered so as to obtain a comprehensive viewon the effect of fines and the possible interplay with other factors. Both the RC and BE tests showed that G0 tends to decrease continuously as the quantity of fines is increased and the reduction rates are similar; a similar stress dependence is also obtained for G0 from both types of testing. Nevertheless, G0 values obtained from BE tests are notably greater than those obtained from RC tests, and this effect of testing method is shown to be coupled with the sample reconstitution method. A new approach that allows unified characterisation of G0 values for both clean sand and sand–fines mixtures is developed in a sound theoretical framework, thereby providing important insights into the various empirical correlations that involve G0 (or Vs) in geotechnical engineering practice. A new micro-scale mechanism is also suggested for the observed effect of fines, which attributes the reduction of G0 caused by fines to the decrease in the coordination number at an approximately constant void ratio. © 2016, ICE Publishing. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/229151
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.0
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.837
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYang, J-
dc.contributor.authorLIU, X-
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-23T14:09:18Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-23T14:09:18Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationGeotechnique, 2016, v. 66 n. 6, p. 500-514-
dc.identifier.issn0016-8505-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/229151-
dc.description.abstractCurrent knowledge on the shear wave velocity (Vs) and associated stiffness (G0) of sand is built mainly on the results of extensive laboratory studies on clean quartz sands. Often natural sands are not clean, but contain a certain amount of fines. The role of fines in altering the stiffness of sands is a matter of great concern, yet remains poorly understood. This paper presents an investigation into the problem through well-controlled laboratory experiments in conjunction with analysis and interpretation at the macro and micro scale. The laboratory experiments were conducted for a sequence of mixtures of clean quartz sand and crushed silica fines under saturated conditions, by the simultaneous use of the resonant column (RC) and bender element (BE) techniques. A broad range of states in terms of void ratio, confining stress and fines content was covered so as to obtain a comprehensive viewon the effect of fines and the possible interplay with other factors. Both the RC and BE tests showed that G0 tends to decrease continuously as the quantity of fines is increased and the reduction rates are similar; a similar stress dependence is also obtained for G0 from both types of testing. Nevertheless, G0 values obtained from BE tests are notably greater than those obtained from RC tests, and this effect of testing method is shown to be coupled with the sample reconstitution method. A new approach that allows unified characterisation of G0 values for both clean sand and sand–fines mixtures is developed in a sound theoretical framework, thereby providing important insights into the various empirical correlations that involve G0 (or Vs) in geotechnical engineering practice. A new micro-scale mechanism is also suggested for the observed effect of fines, which attributes the reduction of G0 caused by fines to the decrease in the coordination number at an approximately constant void ratio. © 2016, ICE Publishing. All rights reserved.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThomas Telford (ICE Publishing). The Journal's web site is located at http://www.geotechnique-ice.com-
dc.relation.ispartofGeotechnique-
dc.rightsPermission is granted by ICE Publishing to print one copy for personal use. Any other use of these PDF files is subject to reprint fees-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleShear wave velocity and stiffness of sand: the role of non-plastic fines-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailYang, J: junyang@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityYang, J=rp00201-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1680/jgeot.15.P.205-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84965042808-
dc.identifier.hkuros262424-
dc.identifier.volume66-
dc.identifier.issue6-
dc.identifier.spage500-
dc.identifier.epage514-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000377360600006-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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