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Article: Assessing medical student empathy in a family medicine clinical test: validity of the CARE measure

TitleAssessing medical student empathy in a family medicine clinical test: validity of the CARE measure
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherCo-Action Publishing. The Journal's web site is located at http://med-ed-online.net/index.php/meo/issue/view/1686#
Citation
Medical Education Online, 2015, v. 20, p. 27346 How to Cite?
AbstractIntroduction: The Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) measure developed and validated in primary care settings and used for general practitioner appraisal is a 10-item instrument used by patients to assess doctors’ empathy. The aim of this study is to investigate the validity of the CARE measure in assessing medical students’ empathy during a formative family medicine clinical test. Method: All 158 final-year medical students were assessed by trained simulated patients (SPs) – who completed the CARE measure, the Jefferson Scale of Patient Perceptions of Physician Empathy (JSPPPE), and a global rating score to assess students’ empathy and history-taking ability. Results: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis identified a unidimensional structure. The CARE measure strongly correlated with both convergent measures: global rating (ρ=0.79 and <0.001) and JSPPPE (ρ=0.77 and <0.001) and weakly correlated with the divergent measure: history-taking score (ρ=0.28 and <0.001). Internal consistency was excellent (Cronbach’s α=0.94). Conclusion: The CARE measure had strong construct and internal reliability in a formative, undergraduate family medicine examination. Its role in higher stakes examinations and other educational settings should be explored.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/211797

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChen, JY-
dc.contributor.authorChin, WY-
dc.contributor.authorFung, SCC-
dc.contributor.authorWong, CKH-
dc.contributor.authorTsang, JPY-
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-21T02:10:59Z-
dc.date.available2015-07-21T02:10:59Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationMedical Education Online, 2015, v. 20, p. 27346-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/211797-
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: The Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) measure developed and validated in primary care settings and used for general practitioner appraisal is a 10-item instrument used by patients to assess doctors’ empathy. The aim of this study is to investigate the validity of the CARE measure in assessing medical students’ empathy during a formative family medicine clinical test. Method: All 158 final-year medical students were assessed by trained simulated patients (SPs) – who completed the CARE measure, the Jefferson Scale of Patient Perceptions of Physician Empathy (JSPPPE), and a global rating score to assess students’ empathy and history-taking ability. Results: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis identified a unidimensional structure. The CARE measure strongly correlated with both convergent measures: global rating (ρ=0.79 and <0.001) and JSPPPE (ρ=0.77 and <0.001) and weakly correlated with the divergent measure: history-taking score (ρ=0.28 and <0.001). Internal consistency was excellent (Cronbach’s α=0.94). Conclusion: The CARE measure had strong construct and internal reliability in a formative, undergraduate family medicine examination. Its role in higher stakes examinations and other educational settings should be explored.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherCo-Action Publishing. The Journal's web site is located at http://med-ed-online.net/index.php/meo/issue/view/1686#-
dc.relation.ispartofMedical Education Online-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleAssessing medical student empathy in a family medicine clinical test: validity of the CARE measure-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailChen, JY: chenjy@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChin, WY: chinwy@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailFung, SCC: cfsc@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWong, CKH: carlosho@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailTsang, JPY: joycetpy@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityChen, JY=rp00526-
dc.identifier.authorityChin, WY=rp00290-
dc.identifier.authorityFung, SCC=rp01330-
dc.identifier.authorityWong, CKH=rp01931-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.3402/meo.v20.27346-
dc.identifier.hkuros245144-
dc.identifier.volume20-
dc.identifier.spage27346-
dc.identifier.epage27346-

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