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Conference Paper: A novel aptamer-mediated approach for degenerative disc disease therapy

TitleA novel aptamer-mediated approach for degenerative disc disease therapy
Authors
Issue Date2013
Citation
The 9th Pan Pacific Connective Tissue Societies Symposium (PPCTSS 2013), Hong Kong, China, 24-27 November 2013. In the Program Book of the 9th Pan Pacific Connective Tissue Societies Symposium, 2013, p. abstract no. 0053 How to Cite?
AbstractThe intervertebral disc is responsible for absorbing shock and transmitting load, allowing the spine to bend and move. Disc degeneration may cause serious low back pain and affect daily life. Aggrecanases ADAMTS-4 and -5 are critical proteins involved in the development of degenerative disc disease (DDD) and osteoarthritis. They have been used as targets for inhibitor selection against DDD in recent studies both in vitro and in silico. Small molecules targeting the catalytic domain of aggrecanases have been developed but have broad inhibitory activity which cause serious side effects. Nucleic acid aptamers can potentially solve this problem. Aptamers are short, single-stranded oligonucleotides, which bind to their targets through 3D conformational complementarity. Aptamers are frequently called ‘chemical antibodies’ because of their high specificity and affinity. More than 20 aptamers for the treatment of various diseases are evaluated in clinical trials. Recent studies on aggrecanases have also been restrained by the low expression level and low solubility of the catalytic domain. Our studies have developed new ways to express, refold and purify human ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5. Catalytic domain incorporating both the disintegrin domain and thrombospondin motif were expressed and purified from E. coli with high yield for the first time. Specific aptamers are being selected against each aggrecanase through a process called Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential enrichment (SELEX). Selected aptamers will then be characterized and evaluated as a foundation for further DDD therapeutic development.
DescriptionConference Theme: The Extracellular Matrix Niche
Poster Presentation
The Program can be viewed at: http://ppctss2013.org/Online%20Program%20Book.pdf
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/203817

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYu, Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorTanner, JAen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-19T16:41:12Z-
dc.date.available2014-09-19T16:41:12Z-
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 9th Pan Pacific Connective Tissue Societies Symposium (PPCTSS 2013), Hong Kong, China, 24-27 November 2013. In the Program Book of the 9th Pan Pacific Connective Tissue Societies Symposium, 2013, p. abstract no. 0053en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/203817-
dc.descriptionConference Theme: The Extracellular Matrix Niche-
dc.descriptionPoster Presentation-
dc.descriptionThe Program can be viewed at: http://ppctss2013.org/Online%20Program%20Book.pdf-
dc.description.abstractThe intervertebral disc is responsible for absorbing shock and transmitting load, allowing the spine to bend and move. Disc degeneration may cause serious low back pain and affect daily life. Aggrecanases ADAMTS-4 and -5 are critical proteins involved in the development of degenerative disc disease (DDD) and osteoarthritis. They have been used as targets for inhibitor selection against DDD in recent studies both in vitro and in silico. Small molecules targeting the catalytic domain of aggrecanases have been developed but have broad inhibitory activity which cause serious side effects. Nucleic acid aptamers can potentially solve this problem. Aptamers are short, single-stranded oligonucleotides, which bind to their targets through 3D conformational complementarity. Aptamers are frequently called ‘chemical antibodies’ because of their high specificity and affinity. More than 20 aptamers for the treatment of various diseases are evaluated in clinical trials. Recent studies on aggrecanases have also been restrained by the low expression level and low solubility of the catalytic domain. Our studies have developed new ways to express, refold and purify human ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5. Catalytic domain incorporating both the disintegrin domain and thrombospondin motif were expressed and purified from E. coli with high yield for the first time. Specific aptamers are being selected against each aggrecanase through a process called Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential enrichment (SELEX). Selected aptamers will then be characterized and evaluated as a foundation for further DDD therapeutic development.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofPan Pacific Connective Tissue Societies Symposium (PPCTSS)en_US
dc.titleA novel aptamer-mediated approach for degenerative disc disease therapyen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailTanner, JA: jatanner@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityTanner, JA=rp00495en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros238504en_US

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