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Article: Altered actin centripetal retrograde flow in physically restricted immunological synapses

TitleAltered actin centripetal retrograde flow in physically restricted immunological synapses
Authors
Issue Date2010
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2010, v. 5, n. 7 How to Cite?
AbstractAntigen recognition by T cells involves large scale spatial reorganization of numerous receptor, adhesion, and costimulatory proteins within the T cell-antigen presenting cell (APC) junction. The resulting patterns can be distinctive, and are collectively known as the immunological synapse. Dynamical assembly of cytoskeletal network is believed to play an important role in driving these assembly processes. In one experimental strategy, the APC is replaced with a synthetic supported membrane. An advantage of this configuration is that solid structures patterned onto the underlying substrate can guide immunological synapse assembly into altered patterns. Here, we use mobile anti-CD3ε on the spatial-partitioned supported bilayer to ligate and trigger T cell receptor (TCR) in live Jurkat T cells. Simultaneous tracking of both TCR clusters and GFP-actin speckles reveals their dynamic association and individual flow patterns. Actin retrograde flow directs the inward transport of TCR clusters. Flow-based particle tracking algorithms allow us to investigate the velocity distribution of actin flow field across the whole synapse, and centripetal velocity of actin flow decreases as it moves toward the center of synapse. Localized actin flow analysis reveals that, while there is no influence on actin motion from substrate patterns directly, velocity differences of actin are observed over physically trapped TCR clusters. Actin flow regains its velocity immediately after passing through confined TCR clusters. These observations are consistent with a dynamic and dissipative coupling between TCR clusters and viscoelastic actin network. © 2010 Yu et al.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/202193
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYu, Chenghan-
dc.contributor.authorWu, Hungjen-
dc.contributor.authorKaizuka, Yoshihisa-
dc.contributor.authorVale, Ronald D.-
dc.contributor.authorGroves, Jay T.-
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-22T02:57:47Z-
dc.date.available2014-08-22T02:57:47Z-
dc.date.issued2010-
dc.identifier.citationPLoS ONE, 2010, v. 5, n. 7-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/202193-
dc.description.abstractAntigen recognition by T cells involves large scale spatial reorganization of numerous receptor, adhesion, and costimulatory proteins within the T cell-antigen presenting cell (APC) junction. The resulting patterns can be distinctive, and are collectively known as the immunological synapse. Dynamical assembly of cytoskeletal network is believed to play an important role in driving these assembly processes. In one experimental strategy, the APC is replaced with a synthetic supported membrane. An advantage of this configuration is that solid structures patterned onto the underlying substrate can guide immunological synapse assembly into altered patterns. Here, we use mobile anti-CD3ε on the spatial-partitioned supported bilayer to ligate and trigger T cell receptor (TCR) in live Jurkat T cells. Simultaneous tracking of both TCR clusters and GFP-actin speckles reveals their dynamic association and individual flow patterns. Actin retrograde flow directs the inward transport of TCR clusters. Flow-based particle tracking algorithms allow us to investigate the velocity distribution of actin flow field across the whole synapse, and centripetal velocity of actin flow decreases as it moves toward the center of synapse. Localized actin flow analysis reveals that, while there is no influence on actin motion from substrate patterns directly, velocity differences of actin are observed over physically trapped TCR clusters. Actin flow regains its velocity immediately after passing through confined TCR clusters. These observations are consistent with a dynamic and dissipative coupling between TCR clusters and viscoelastic actin network. © 2010 Yu et al.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS ONE-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleAltered actin centripetal retrograde flow in physically restricted immunological synapses-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0011878-
dc.identifier.pmid20686692-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-77955623486-
dc.identifier.volume5-
dc.identifier.issue7-
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000280520200040-

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