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Conference Paper: In-vitro study on the effect of ulipristal acetate on human embryo implantation using a trophoblastic spheroid and endometrial cell co-culture model

TitleIn-vitro study on the effect of ulipristal acetate on human embryo implantation using a trophoblastic spheroid and endometrial cell co-culture model
Authors
Issue Date2014
PublisherInforma Healthcare. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/13625187.asp
Citation
The 13th Congress of the European Society of Contraception and Reproductive Health (ESC 2014), Lisbon, Portugal, 28-31 May 2014. In the European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, 2014, v. 19 suppl. 1, abstract no. A-124 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives: Ulipristal acetate (UPA), a selective progesterone receptor modulator, has been introduced for use in emergency contraception. The main mechanism of action is inhibiting or delaying ovulation. Whether UPA can have secondary action by inhibiting implantation is still uncertain. The present study examined the effect of UPA on human embryo implantation using an in-vitro human trophoblastic spheroid and endometrial cell co-culture model. Method: We studied the effect of UPA on implantation using a trophoblastic spheroidsendometrial cell attachment assay. The JAr (human choriocarcinoma) and Ishikawa (human endometrial adenocarcinoma) cell lines were treated with graded concentrations of UPA (0, 0.04, 0.4 and 4μM) for 24 hours. We took the peak serum drug level after oral administration of UPA 30 mg, i.e. 0.4 μM, as the pharmacological concentration, and our experimental range covered tentimes below and above this. After treatment, the JAr cells were trypsinized and gently shaken at 106rpm overnight to form spheroids of 100-150mm size, which were used as the embryo surrogate. A confluent monolayer of the Ishikawa cells was used as the endometrium surrogate, onto which the spheroids were seeded and cultured for 1 hour at 37oC under 5% CO2. The coculture was then shaked at 140rpm for 10 minutes to remove any unattached spheroids. The number of attached JAr spheroid was then counted under light microscope. Attachment rate was defined as the ratio of the number of attached spheroids to the total number seeded. The experiment was also repeated using cultured primary human endometrial cells (aspirated 7 days after the LH surge) as the endometrium surrogate, which was co-cultured with trophoblastic spheroids for 3 hours after treating the respective cells with 4μM UPA. The results were pooled from 19 and 7 independent repeats for the Ishikawa and primary endometrial cell experiments respectively. Results: In the Ishikawa experiments, there was no significant difference in the trophoblastic spheroid attachment rate after treatment with UPA at 0 (93.0%), 0.04 (93.6%), 0.4 (93.4%) and 4 (91.4%) μM concentrations (p > 0.05). In the primary endometrial cell experiments, again no significant difference was observed in trophoblastic spheroid attachment rate between the treatment group (UPA 4μM, 42.1%) compared to the control (without UPA treatment, 48.3%, p > 0.05). Significant suppression of spheroid attachment rate (p < 0.001) was observed in the positive controls which were set up with methotrexate 5μM treatment. Conclusions: UPA at pharmacological concentration used for emergency contraception may not have inhibitory effect on embryo implantation.
DescriptionConference theme: Challenges in Sexual and Reproductive Health
Poster Presentation
Poster awards
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/201588
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.236
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.576

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLi, RHWen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Ten_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorNg, EHYen_US
dc.contributor.authorYeung, WSBen_US
dc.contributor.authorHo, PCen_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, CKFen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-21T07:31:26Z-
dc.date.available2014-08-21T07:31:26Z-
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 13th Congress of the European Society of Contraception and Reproductive Health (ESC 2014), Lisbon, Portugal, 28-31 May 2014. In the European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, 2014, v. 19 suppl. 1, abstract no. A-124en_US
dc.identifier.issn1362-5187-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/201588-
dc.descriptionConference theme: Challenges in Sexual and Reproductive Health-
dc.descriptionPoster Presentation-
dc.descriptionPoster awards-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Ulipristal acetate (UPA), a selective progesterone receptor modulator, has been introduced for use in emergency contraception. The main mechanism of action is inhibiting or delaying ovulation. Whether UPA can have secondary action by inhibiting implantation is still uncertain. The present study examined the effect of UPA on human embryo implantation using an in-vitro human trophoblastic spheroid and endometrial cell co-culture model. Method: We studied the effect of UPA on implantation using a trophoblastic spheroidsendometrial cell attachment assay. The JAr (human choriocarcinoma) and Ishikawa (human endometrial adenocarcinoma) cell lines were treated with graded concentrations of UPA (0, 0.04, 0.4 and 4μM) for 24 hours. We took the peak serum drug level after oral administration of UPA 30 mg, i.e. 0.4 μM, as the pharmacological concentration, and our experimental range covered tentimes below and above this. After treatment, the JAr cells were trypsinized and gently shaken at 106rpm overnight to form spheroids of 100-150mm size, which were used as the embryo surrogate. A confluent monolayer of the Ishikawa cells was used as the endometrium surrogate, onto which the spheroids were seeded and cultured for 1 hour at 37oC under 5% CO2. The coculture was then shaked at 140rpm for 10 minutes to remove any unattached spheroids. The number of attached JAr spheroid was then counted under light microscope. Attachment rate was defined as the ratio of the number of attached spheroids to the total number seeded. The experiment was also repeated using cultured primary human endometrial cells (aspirated 7 days after the LH surge) as the endometrium surrogate, which was co-cultured with trophoblastic spheroids for 3 hours after treating the respective cells with 4μM UPA. The results were pooled from 19 and 7 independent repeats for the Ishikawa and primary endometrial cell experiments respectively. Results: In the Ishikawa experiments, there was no significant difference in the trophoblastic spheroid attachment rate after treatment with UPA at 0 (93.0%), 0.04 (93.6%), 0.4 (93.4%) and 4 (91.4%) μM concentrations (p > 0.05). In the primary endometrial cell experiments, again no significant difference was observed in trophoblastic spheroid attachment rate between the treatment group (UPA 4μM, 42.1%) compared to the control (without UPA treatment, 48.3%, p > 0.05). Significant suppression of spheroid attachment rate (p < 0.001) was observed in the positive controls which were set up with methotrexate 5μM treatment. Conclusions: UPA at pharmacological concentration used for emergency contraception may not have inhibitory effect on embryo implantation.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherInforma Healthcare. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/13625187.asp-
dc.relation.ispartofThe European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Careen_US
dc.rightsThe European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care. Copyright © Informa Healthcare.-
dc.titleIn-vitro study on the effect of ulipristal acetate on human embryo implantation using a trophoblastic spheroid and endometrial cell co-culture modelen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailLi, RHW: raymondli@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailNg, EHY: nghye@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailYeung, WSB: wsbyeung@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailHo, PC: pcho@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailLee, CKF: ckflee@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLi, RHW=rp01649en_US
dc.identifier.authorityNg, EHY=rp00426en_US
dc.identifier.authorityYeung, WSB=rp00331en_US
dc.identifier.authorityHo, PC=rp00325en_US
dc.identifier.authorityLee, CKF=rp00458en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3109/13625187.2014.894779.11-
dc.identifier.hkuros234753en_US
dc.identifier.volume19-
dc.identifier.issuesuppl. 1-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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