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Article: Prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular risk factors in Hong Kong professional drivers
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TitlePrevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular risk factors in Hong Kong professional drivers
 
AuthorsSiu, SC3
Wong, KW3
Lee, KF1
Lo, YYC2
Wong, CKH2
Chan, AKL4
Fong, DYT2
Lam, CLK2
 
KeywordsCardiovascular Risk Factors
Chinese
Metabolic Syndrome
Professional Drivers
Undiagnosed Dm
 
Issue Date2012
 
PublisherElsevier Ireland Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/diabres
 
CitationDiabetes Research And Clinical Practice, 2012, v. 96 n. 1, p. 60-67 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2011.12.002
 
AbstractAims: To investigate the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular risk factors among professional drivers in Hong Kong. Methods: Chinese professional drivers with no history of DM were invited to complete a questionnaire on their health status, followed by taking their body measurements, fasting blood glucose (FG) and lipids. 75. g OGTT were performed when FG. ≥. 5.6 to <7.0. mmol/L. Results: Of these 3376 drivers (male 92.6%, mean age 50.9. ±. 7.6 years), the prevalence of undiagnosed DM, prediabetes, and metabolic syndrome was 8.1% (272/3376, 95% CI 7.1-9.0%), 10.0% (337/3376, 95% CI 9.0-11.0%) and 26.8% (904/3376, 95% CI 25.3-28.3%) respectively, while the corresponding WHO Standard Population age-standardized prevalence was 7.8%, 9.0% and 24.7% respectively. Many of them were obese (51.2%), had hypertension (57.0%) and high cholesterol (58.7%), and a third had hypertriglyceridaemia (34.9%) and low HDL-cholesterol (29.3%). Their median working hours were 60.0 (IQR 14). h. Majority had exercise <1. h/week (56.0%) and ate out ≥6. times/week (54.9%). Conclusions: Hong Kong professional drivers have higher prevalence of undiagnosed DM, cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome than the general population. Therefore, health care measures targeting against them should be taken to prevent and detect DM and cardiovascular diseases. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
 
ISSN0168-8227
2013 Impact Factor: 2.536
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.219
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2011.12.002
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000302124300013
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Board of the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals
Funding Information:

The study is supported by the Board of the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals. We would like to thank Ms. H.Y. Chung and Mr. Kelvin Wong for assistance in subject enrollment and data collection.

 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorSiu, SC
 
dc.contributor.authorWong, KW
 
dc.contributor.authorLee, KF
 
dc.contributor.authorLo, YYC
 
dc.contributor.authorWong, CKH
 
dc.contributor.authorChan, AKL
 
dc.contributor.authorFong, DYT
 
dc.contributor.authorLam, CLK
 
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:47:56Z
 
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:47:56Z
 
dc.date.issued2012
 
dc.description.abstractAims: To investigate the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular risk factors among professional drivers in Hong Kong. Methods: Chinese professional drivers with no history of DM were invited to complete a questionnaire on their health status, followed by taking their body measurements, fasting blood glucose (FG) and lipids. 75. g OGTT were performed when FG. ≥. 5.6 to <7.0. mmol/L. Results: Of these 3376 drivers (male 92.6%, mean age 50.9. ±. 7.6 years), the prevalence of undiagnosed DM, prediabetes, and metabolic syndrome was 8.1% (272/3376, 95% CI 7.1-9.0%), 10.0% (337/3376, 95% CI 9.0-11.0%) and 26.8% (904/3376, 95% CI 25.3-28.3%) respectively, while the corresponding WHO Standard Population age-standardized prevalence was 7.8%, 9.0% and 24.7% respectively. Many of them were obese (51.2%), had hypertension (57.0%) and high cholesterol (58.7%), and a third had hypertriglyceridaemia (34.9%) and low HDL-cholesterol (29.3%). Their median working hours were 60.0 (IQR 14). h. Majority had exercise <1. h/week (56.0%) and ate out ≥6. times/week (54.9%). Conclusions: Hong Kong professional drivers have higher prevalence of undiagnosed DM, cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome than the general population. Therefore, health care measures targeting against them should be taken to prevent and detect DM and cardiovascular diseases. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
 
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationDiabetes Research And Clinical Practice, 2012, v. 96 n. 1, p. 60-67 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2011.12.002
 
dc.identifier.citeulike10233639
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2011.12.002
 
dc.identifier.epage67
 
dc.identifier.hkuros205700
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000302124300013
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Board of the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals
Funding Information:

The study is supported by the Board of the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals. We would like to thank Ms. H.Y. Chung and Mr. Kelvin Wong for assistance in subject enrollment and data collection.

 
dc.identifier.issn0168-8227
2013 Impact Factor: 2.536
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.219
 
dc.identifier.issue1
 
dc.identifier.pmid22225960
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84858747804
 
dc.identifier.spage60
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/157223
 
dc.identifier.volume96
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherElsevier Ireland Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/diabres
 
dc.publisher.placeIreland
 
dc.relation.ispartofDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.subject.meshAdult
 
dc.subject.meshAsian Continental Ancestry Group
 
dc.subject.meshAutomobile Driving
 
dc.subject.meshCardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology
 
dc.subject.meshDiabetes Mellitus - epidemiology
 
dc.subject.meshFemale
 
dc.subject.meshHong Kong - epidemiology
 
dc.subject.meshHumans
 
dc.subject.meshMale
 
dc.subject.meshMetabolic Syndrome X - epidemiology
 
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged
 
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors
 
dc.subjectCardiovascular Risk Factors
 
dc.subjectChinese
 
dc.subjectMetabolic Syndrome
 
dc.subjectProfessional Drivers
 
dc.subjectUndiagnosed Dm
 
dc.titlePrevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular risk factors in Hong Kong professional drivers
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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<contributor.author>Lo, YYC</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Wong, CKH</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Chan, AKL</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Fong, DYT</contributor.author>
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<description.abstract>Aims: To investigate the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular risk factors among professional drivers in Hong Kong. Methods: Chinese professional drivers with no history of DM were invited to complete a questionnaire on their health status, followed by taking their body measurements, fasting blood glucose (FG) and lipids. 75. g OGTT were performed when FG. &#8805;. 5.6 to &lt;7.0. mmol/L. Results: Of these 3376 drivers (male 92.6%, mean age 50.9. &#177;. 7.6 years), the prevalence of undiagnosed DM, prediabetes, and metabolic syndrome was 8.1% (272/3376, 95% CI 7.1-9.0%), 10.0% (337/3376, 95% CI 9.0-11.0%) and 26.8% (904/3376, 95% CI 25.3-28.3%) respectively, while the corresponding WHO Standard Population age-standardized prevalence was 7.8%, 9.0% and 24.7% respectively. Many of them were obese (51.2%), had hypertension (57.0%) and high cholesterol (58.7%), and a third had hypertriglyceridaemia (34.9%) and low HDL-cholesterol (29.3%). Their median working hours were 60.0 (IQR 14). h. Majority had exercise &lt;1. h/week (56.0%) and ate out &#8805;6. times/week (54.9%). Conclusions: Hong Kong professional drivers have higher prevalence of undiagnosed DM, cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome than the general population. Therefore, health care measures targeting against them should be taken to prevent and detect DM and cardiovascular diseases. &#169; 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.</description.abstract>
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Author Affiliations
  1. Kwong Wah Hospital
  2. The University of Hong Kong
  3. Tung Wah Eastern Hospital
  4. General Practice