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Conference Paper: Shadow Education: comparative perspectives on the expansion and implications of private supplementary tutoring

TitleShadow Education: comparative perspectives on the expansion and implications of private supplementary tutoring
'影子'教育: 课外辅导的扩大与影响的比较研究
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/718288/description#description
Citation
The 7th Beijing Forum on Education Reform and Research in the Era of Transition (Beijing Forum 2010), Peking University, Beijing, China, 5-7 November 2010. In Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2013, v. 77, p. 412–420 How to Cite?
AbstractRecent decades have brought intensification of what in some settings has been called the shadow education system of supplementary private tutoring. Pupils in regular fee-free public schools attend supplementary fee-paying classes after school, at week-ends and during vacations. This practice has received official comment in China as well as in other countries. Tutoring is especially evident during the period leading up to major examinations, but for some pupils occurs at all levels of education systems. The practice has long been ingrained in the cultures of East Asia, and is now increasingly evident in West and Central Asia, in Europe, in North America, and in Africa. Moreover, new types of tutoring over the internet are being provided across national boundaries. In this respect, tutoring is blurring geographic boundaries. © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
DescriptionTheme: The Harmony of Civilizations and Prosperity for All - Commitments and Responsibilities for a Better World
主題:文明的和諧與共同繁榮 — 為了我們共同的家園:責任與行動
This journal vol. entitled: The Harmony of Civilization and Prosperity for All: Selected Papers of Beijing Forum (2009-2010)
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/138086
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorBray, Men_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-26T14:39:55Z-
dc.date.available2011-08-26T14:39:55Z-
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 7th Beijing Forum on Education Reform and Research in the Era of Transition (Beijing Forum 2010), Peking University, Beijing, China, 5-7 November 2010. In Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2013, v. 77, p. 412–420en_US
dc.identifier.issn1877-0428-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/138086-
dc.descriptionTheme: The Harmony of Civilizations and Prosperity for All - Commitments and Responsibilities for a Better World-
dc.description主題:文明的和諧與共同繁榮 — 為了我們共同的家園:責任與行動-
dc.descriptionThis journal vol. entitled: The Harmony of Civilization and Prosperity for All: Selected Papers of Beijing Forum (2009-2010)-
dc.description.abstractRecent decades have brought intensification of what in some settings has been called the shadow education system of supplementary private tutoring. Pupils in regular fee-free public schools attend supplementary fee-paying classes after school, at week-ends and during vacations. This practice has received official comment in China as well as in other countries. Tutoring is especially evident during the period leading up to major examinations, but for some pupils occurs at all levels of education systems. The practice has long been ingrained in the cultures of East Asia, and is now increasingly evident in West and Central Asia, in Europe, in North America, and in Africa. Moreover, new types of tutoring over the internet are being provided across national boundaries. In this respect, tutoring is blurring geographic boundaries. © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/718288/description#descriptionen_US
dc.relation.ispartofProcedia: Social and Behavioral Sciencesen_US
dc.rightsAuthor holds the copyright-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleShadow Education: comparative perspectives on the expansion and implications of private supplementary tutoringen_US
dc.title'影子'教育: 课外辅导的扩大与影响的比较研究-
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailBray, M: mbray@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityBray, M=rp00888en_US
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.03.096-
dc.identifier.hkuros191579en_US
dc.identifier.volume77-
dc.identifier.spage412en_US
dc.identifier.epage420en_US
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands-

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