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Conference Paper: Regeneration of axotomized retinal ganglion cells is promoted by a mixture of american ginseng extract, ginkgo biloba extract and St. John's wort extract

TitleRegeneration of axotomized retinal ganglion cells is promoted by a mixture of american ginseng extract, ginkgo biloba extract and St. John's wort extract
Authors
KeywordsTransplant
Eye
Sciatic
Schwann cells
Issue Date2000
PublisherSociety for Neuroscience.
Citation
The 30th Annual Meeting of Society for Neuroscience (Neuroscience 2000), New Orleans, LA., 4-9 November 2000. How to Cite?
AbstractIt has been shown that attachment of a peripheral nerve (PN) graft to the transected optic nerve (ON) stump can markedly increase both the number of surviving and regenerating retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). We recently observed that a mixture of American ginseng (AG), ginkgo biloba (GB) and St. John’s wort (SJW) extracts, can increase viability of axotomized RGCs. We therefore examined the effects of different mixtures of AG, GB and SJW extracts on long distance regeneration of RGCs into a PN graft. ON was transected at 0.5 mm from the optic disc. A 1-cm segment of an autologous sciatic nerve was sutured onto the proximal ocular stump. Animals then received daily oral administration of: (1) vehicle (0.01M PBS); (2) 30mg of AG extract; (3) 30mg of AD-FX, a mixture of 80% AG and 20% GB extracts by weight or (4) 30mg of Menta-FX, a mixture of 30.8% AG, 7.7% GB and 61.5% SJW extracts by weight, for 21 days starting on the day of operation. Standardized batches of AD-FX and Menta-FX were purchased from CV Technologies, Canada. The number of regenerating RGCs 21 days after grafting was determined by injecting 6% FluoroGold into the PN graft 3 days before the animals were killed. The retinae were dissected and the number of fluorescent labeled RGCs was counted. We found that only treatment with Menta-FX significantly promoted regeneration of axotomized RGCs, inducing an 87% increase in the number of regenerating RGCs (p<0.05, one way ANOVA). We therefore showed for the first time that a mixture of AG, GB and SJW extracts can significantly augment regeneration of axotomized RGCs. Supported by Research grants from the University of Hong Kong
DescriptionPresentation no. 797.14
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/95448

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSo, KFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorCheung, ZHYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYip, HKFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWu, Wen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-25T16:02:35Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-25T16:02:35Z-
dc.date.issued2000en_HK
dc.identifier.citationThe 30th Annual Meeting of Society for Neuroscience (Neuroscience 2000), New Orleans, LA., 4-9 November 2000.en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/95448-
dc.descriptionPresentation no. 797.14-
dc.description.abstractIt has been shown that attachment of a peripheral nerve (PN) graft to the transected optic nerve (ON) stump can markedly increase both the number of surviving and regenerating retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). We recently observed that a mixture of American ginseng (AG), ginkgo biloba (GB) and St. John’s wort (SJW) extracts, can increase viability of axotomized RGCs. We therefore examined the effects of different mixtures of AG, GB and SJW extracts on long distance regeneration of RGCs into a PN graft. ON was transected at 0.5 mm from the optic disc. A 1-cm segment of an autologous sciatic nerve was sutured onto the proximal ocular stump. Animals then received daily oral administration of: (1) vehicle (0.01M PBS); (2) 30mg of AG extract; (3) 30mg of AD-FX, a mixture of 80% AG and 20% GB extracts by weight or (4) 30mg of Menta-FX, a mixture of 30.8% AG, 7.7% GB and 61.5% SJW extracts by weight, for 21 days starting on the day of operation. Standardized batches of AD-FX and Menta-FX were purchased from CV Technologies, Canada. The number of regenerating RGCs 21 days after grafting was determined by injecting 6% FluoroGold into the PN graft 3 days before the animals were killed. The retinae were dissected and the number of fluorescent labeled RGCs was counted. We found that only treatment with Menta-FX significantly promoted regeneration of axotomized RGCs, inducing an 87% increase in the number of regenerating RGCs (p<0.05, one way ANOVA). We therefore showed for the first time that a mixture of AG, GB and SJW extracts can significantly augment regeneration of axotomized RGCs. Supported by Research grants from the University of Hong Kong-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherSociety for Neuroscience.-
dc.relation.ispartofNeuroscience 2000en_HK
dc.subjectTransplant-
dc.subjectEye-
dc.subjectSciatic-
dc.subjectSchwann cells-
dc.titleRegeneration of axotomized retinal ganglion cells is promoted by a mixture of american ginseng extract, ginkgo biloba extract and St. John's wort extracten_HK
dc.typeConference_Paperen_HK
dc.identifier.emailSo, KF: hrmaskf@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailYip, HKF: hkfyip@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailWu, W: wtwu@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authoritySo, KF=rp00329en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityWu, W=rp00419en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros56126en_HK

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