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Article: Communism, universalism and disinterestedness: Re-examining contemporary support among academics for Merton's scientific norms

TitleCommunism, universalism and disinterestedness: Re-examining contemporary support among academics for Merton's scientific norms
Authors
KeywordsAcademic values
Merton
Scientific norms
Weber
Issue Date2008
PublisherSpringer Verlag Dordrecht. The Journal's web site is located at http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=1570-1727
Citation
Journal Of Academic Ethics, 2008, v. 6 n. 1, p. 67 - 78 How to Cite?
AbstractThis paper re-examines the relevance of three academic norms to contemporary academic life - communism, universalism and disinterestedness - based on the work of Robert Merton. The results of a web-based survey elicited responses to a series of value statements and were analysed using the weighted average method and through cross-tabulation. Results indicate strong support for communism as an academic norm defined in relation to sharing research results and teaching materials as opposed to protecting intellectual copyright and withholding access. There is more limited support for universalism based on the belief that academic knowledge should transcend national, political, or religious boundaries. Disinterestedness, defined in terms of personal detachment from truth claims, is the least popular contemporary academic norm. Here, the impact of a performative culture is linked to the need for a large number of academics to align their research interests with funding opportunities. The paper concludes by considering the claims of an alternate set of contemporary academic norms including capitalism, particularism and interestedness. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/92972
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.395

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMacfarlane, Ben_HK
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Men_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-22T05:05:35Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-22T05:05:35Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Academic Ethics, 2008, v. 6 n. 1, p. 67 - 78en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1570-1727en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/92972-
dc.description.abstractThis paper re-examines the relevance of three academic norms to contemporary academic life - communism, universalism and disinterestedness - based on the work of Robert Merton. The results of a web-based survey elicited responses to a series of value statements and were analysed using the weighted average method and through cross-tabulation. Results indicate strong support for communism as an academic norm defined in relation to sharing research results and teaching materials as opposed to protecting intellectual copyright and withholding access. There is more limited support for universalism based on the belief that academic knowledge should transcend national, political, or religious boundaries. Disinterestedness, defined in terms of personal detachment from truth claims, is the least popular contemporary academic norm. Here, the impact of a performative culture is linked to the need for a large number of academics to align their research interests with funding opportunities. The paper concludes by considering the claims of an alternate set of contemporary academic norms including capitalism, particularism and interestedness. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherSpringer Verlag Dordrecht. The Journal's web site is located at http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=1570-1727en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Academic Ethicsen_HK
dc.subjectAcademic valuesen_HK
dc.subjectMertonen_HK
dc.subjectScientific normsen_HK
dc.subjectWeberen_HK
dc.titleCommunism, universalism and disinterestedness: Re-examining contemporary support among academics for Merton's scientific normsen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailMacfarlane, B: bmac@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMacfarlane, B=rp01422en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10805-008-9055-yen_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-40949166160en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1en_HK
dc.identifier.epage12en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1572-8544-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMacfarlane, B=23670366000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCheng, M=23670199300en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike3614578-

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