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Article: Differences in the toxicities of an oil dispersant and a surface active agent to some marine animals, and their implications in the choice of species in toxicity testing

TitleDifferences in the toxicities of an oil dispersant and a surface active agent to some marine animals, and their implications in the choice of species in toxicity testing
Authors
KeywordsAnimal Experiment
Arthropod
Fish
Intoxication
Invertebrate
Toxicity
Issue Date1981
PublisherElsevier Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/marenvrev
Citation
Marine Environmental Research, 1981, v. 5 n. 2, p. 157-163 How to Cite?
AbstractThe toxicities of an oil dispersant (BP 1100X) and a surface active agent (Shell Herder) upon 18 marine species from different taxa, were investigated. The results showed that the toxicity of a product depends very much on the species tested. Some species exhibited high mortality when treated with BP 1100X, and low mortality when treated with Shell Herder, whereas the reverse was true for certain other species. The results therefore indicated a large bias potentially incurred in present procedures, by the use of one or two species in toxicity testing and screening of oil dispersants/surface active agents. It is here suggested that toxicity tests should be carried out on species which are ecologically important (e.g. 'key species' of a community or population with a high energy flow value) in identified receiving environments, rather than on those which are easy to obtain and maintain in the laboratory.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/92735
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.769
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.113
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWu, RSSen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-17T10:55:37Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-17T10:55:37Z-
dc.date.issued1981en_HK
dc.identifier.citationMarine Environmental Research, 1981, v. 5 n. 2, p. 157-163en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0141-1136en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/92735-
dc.description.abstractThe toxicities of an oil dispersant (BP 1100X) and a surface active agent (Shell Herder) upon 18 marine species from different taxa, were investigated. The results showed that the toxicity of a product depends very much on the species tested. Some species exhibited high mortality when treated with BP 1100X, and low mortality when treated with Shell Herder, whereas the reverse was true for certain other species. The results therefore indicated a large bias potentially incurred in present procedures, by the use of one or two species in toxicity testing and screening of oil dispersants/surface active agents. It is here suggested that toxicity tests should be carried out on species which are ecologically important (e.g. 'key species' of a community or population with a high energy flow value) in identified receiving environments, rather than on those which are easy to obtain and maintain in the laboratory.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherElsevier Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/marenvreven_HK
dc.relation.ispartofMarine Environmental Researchen_HK
dc.subjectAnimal Experimenten_HK
dc.subjectArthropoden_HK
dc.subjectFishen_HK
dc.subjectIntoxicationen_HK
dc.subjectInvertebrateen_HK
dc.subjectToxicityen_HK
dc.titleDifferences in the toxicities of an oil dispersant and a surface active agent to some marine animals, and their implications in the choice of species in toxicity testingen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailWu, RSS: rudolfwu@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityWu, RSS=rp01398en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/0141-1136(81)90030-1en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0019865939en_HK
dc.identifier.volume5en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage157en_HK
dc.identifier.epage163en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1981MF93100006-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWu, RSS=7402945079en_HK

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