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Article: Application of the Type D Scale (DS14) in Chinese coronary heart disease patients and healthy controls

TitleApplication of the Type D Scale (DS14) in Chinese coronary heart disease patients and healthy controls
Authors
Issue Date2008
PublisherElsevier Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jpsychores
Citation
Journal Of Psychosomatic Research, 2008, v. 65 n. 6, p. 595-601 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective: To examine the psychometric properties of the Type D Scale (DS14) in mainland China. Methods: One hundred and seventy-eight coronary heart disease (CHD) patients and 376 healthy controls were recruited. They completed the Chinese version of the DS14, the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale, the Perceived Social Support Scale, and the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale. Thirty-five of the patients were also rated by their family members on the DS14. Results: The two-factor structure of the DS14 was replicated. The Cronbach's α coefficients for the negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI) subscales were 0.90 and 0.85, respectively, for the CHD patients and 0.87 and 0.69, respectively, for the healthy subjects. The correlations between the self-reports and the observer ratings (rNA=0.56, rSI=0.69) supported satisfactory consensual validity. Good convergent validity was shown by the expected correlations and the scale-level factor analyses of NA with depression and negative affect, and SI with perceived social support and social avoidance and distress. With the standardized cut-off of NA ≥10 and SI ≥10, 31.4% of the CHD patients and 31.9% of the healthy controls in China were defined as having a Type D personality. Conclusions: The results indicate that the Type D construct is valid and reliable in Chinese populations. The Chinese version of the DS14 shows good psychometric properties. The prevalence of Type D personality in China falls within the range of what has been found in Western countries, at least for CHD patients. This study indicates that it is possible to use the DS14 among Chinese populations in future cross-cultural studies. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/92578
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.84
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.357
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYu, Xnen_HK
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Xen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-17T10:50:39Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-17T10:50:39Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Psychosomatic Research, 2008, v. 65 n. 6, p. 595-601en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0022-3999en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/92578-
dc.description.abstractObjective: To examine the psychometric properties of the Type D Scale (DS14) in mainland China. Methods: One hundred and seventy-eight coronary heart disease (CHD) patients and 376 healthy controls were recruited. They completed the Chinese version of the DS14, the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale, the Perceived Social Support Scale, and the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale. Thirty-five of the patients were also rated by their family members on the DS14. Results: The two-factor structure of the DS14 was replicated. The Cronbach's α coefficients for the negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI) subscales were 0.90 and 0.85, respectively, for the CHD patients and 0.87 and 0.69, respectively, for the healthy subjects. The correlations between the self-reports and the observer ratings (rNA=0.56, rSI=0.69) supported satisfactory consensual validity. Good convergent validity was shown by the expected correlations and the scale-level factor analyses of NA with depression and negative affect, and SI with perceived social support and social avoidance and distress. With the standardized cut-off of NA ≥10 and SI ≥10, 31.4% of the CHD patients and 31.9% of the healthy controls in China were defined as having a Type D personality. Conclusions: The results indicate that the Type D construct is valid and reliable in Chinese populations. The Chinese version of the DS14 shows good psychometric properties. The prevalence of Type D personality in China falls within the range of what has been found in Western countries, at least for CHD patients. This study indicates that it is possible to use the DS14 among Chinese populations in future cross-cultural studies. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherElsevier Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jpsychoresen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Psychosomatic Researchen_HK
dc.subject.meshAgeden_HK
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 and overen_HK
dc.subject.meshAsian Continental Ancestry Group - psychologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshChinaen_HK
dc.subject.meshControl Groupsen_HK
dc.subject.meshCoronary Disease - diagnosis - psychologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshMaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshPersonality - classificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshPersonality Assessment - statistics & numerical dataen_HK
dc.subject.meshPsychometricsen_HK
dc.titleApplication of the Type D Scale (DS14) in Chinese coronary heart disease patients and healthy controlsen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailYu, Xn:yuxn@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityYu, Xn=rp01405en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jpsychores.2008.06.009en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid19027450-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-56249127171en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-56249127171&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume65en_HK
dc.identifier.issue6en_HK
dc.identifier.spage595en_HK
dc.identifier.epage601en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000261622900013-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYu, Xn=25927714000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, J=7601339517en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLiu, X=18634784100en_HK

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