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Article: The relationship between hypertension and anxiety or depression in Hong Kong Chinese

TitleThe relationship between hypertension and anxiety or depression in Hong Kong Chinese
Authors
KeywordsAnxiety
Blood pressure
Depression
Hypertension
Questionnaire
Telephone survey
Issue Date2005
PublisherPulsus Group Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.pulsus.com/ecc/home2.htm
Citation
Experimental And Clinical Cardiology, 2005, v. 10 n. 1, p. 21-24 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Psychosocial stress can be the cause or the consequence of hypertension. Objective: To study the association between hypertension and anxiety or depression in adults from Hong Kong, China. Subjects and methods: Patients with diagnosed hypertension (n=197) were recruited to complete the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) questionnaire. The control group comprised 182 normotensive subjects recruited using random telephone numbers. Results: The score in the anxiety subscale (HADS-A) of the HADS correlated with age (r= -0.23, P<0.001) and sex (r=0.11, P=0.042), and was found to be higher in women. The score in the depression subscale (HADS-D) correlated with age (r=0.17, P=0.003) and hypertension (r=0.12, P=0.039), but not with sex (r=0.02, P=0.68). When the control subjects were matched for sex and age with the subjects with hypertension, the mean HADS-A score was 5.51±0.41 in 113 hypertensive subjects and 4.38±0.39 in 113 normotensive subjects (P=0.047). The mean HADS-D score was 5.56±0.39 in the hypertensive and 4.76±0.32 in the normotensive subjects (P=0.11). Multiple regression analysis using data from both groups indicated that the HADS-A score was related to the HADS-D score (β=0.49, P<0.001), age (β= -0.25, P<0.001) and sex (β=0.12, P=0.01) (R 2=0.28), whereas the HADS-D score was related to the HADS-A score (β=0.48, P<0.001), age (Β=0.30, P<0.001), positive smoking status (β=0.13, P=0.004) and lack of exercise habit (β=0.12, P=0.008) (R 2=0.31). Hypertension was related to waist circumference, history of parental hypertension and age (R 2=0.38, P<0.001). Anxiety and depression scores were rejected as independent variables. Conclusions: Hypertension was associated with anxiety but not depression; however, age, history of parental hypertension and central obesity appeared to have a stronger association with hypertension in adults from Hong Kong. © 2005 Pulsus Group Inc. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/91684
ISSN
2013 Impact Factor: 0.758
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.188
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCheung, BMYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorAu, THYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChan, SYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, CMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLau, SHen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLee, RPen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLee, SFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLo, WSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSin, EHFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTang, MYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTsang, HHen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-17T10:23:18Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-17T10:23:18Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_HK
dc.identifier.citationExperimental And Clinical Cardiology, 2005, v. 10 n. 1, p. 21-24en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1205-6626en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/91684-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Psychosocial stress can be the cause or the consequence of hypertension. Objective: To study the association between hypertension and anxiety or depression in adults from Hong Kong, China. Subjects and methods: Patients with diagnosed hypertension (n=197) were recruited to complete the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) questionnaire. The control group comprised 182 normotensive subjects recruited using random telephone numbers. Results: The score in the anxiety subscale (HADS-A) of the HADS correlated with age (r= -0.23, P<0.001) and sex (r=0.11, P=0.042), and was found to be higher in women. The score in the depression subscale (HADS-D) correlated with age (r=0.17, P=0.003) and hypertension (r=0.12, P=0.039), but not with sex (r=0.02, P=0.68). When the control subjects were matched for sex and age with the subjects with hypertension, the mean HADS-A score was 5.51±0.41 in 113 hypertensive subjects and 4.38±0.39 in 113 normotensive subjects (P=0.047). The mean HADS-D score was 5.56±0.39 in the hypertensive and 4.76±0.32 in the normotensive subjects (P=0.11). Multiple regression analysis using data from both groups indicated that the HADS-A score was related to the HADS-D score (β=0.49, P<0.001), age (β= -0.25, P<0.001) and sex (β=0.12, P=0.01) (R 2=0.28), whereas the HADS-D score was related to the HADS-A score (β=0.48, P<0.001), age (Β=0.30, P<0.001), positive smoking status (β=0.13, P=0.004) and lack of exercise habit (β=0.12, P=0.008) (R 2=0.31). Hypertension was related to waist circumference, history of parental hypertension and age (R 2=0.38, P<0.001). Anxiety and depression scores were rejected as independent variables. Conclusions: Hypertension was associated with anxiety but not depression; however, age, history of parental hypertension and central obesity appeared to have a stronger association with hypertension in adults from Hong Kong. © 2005 Pulsus Group Inc. All rights reserved.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherPulsus Group Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.pulsus.com/ecc/home2.htmen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofExperimental and Clinical Cardiologyen_HK
dc.subjectAnxietyen_HK
dc.subjectBlood pressureen_HK
dc.subjectDepressionen_HK
dc.subjectHypertensionen_HK
dc.subjectQuestionnaireen_HK
dc.subjectTelephone surveyen_HK
dc.titleThe relationship between hypertension and anxiety or depression in Hong Kong Chineseen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailCheung, BMY:mycheung@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, BMY=rp01321en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-18144423178en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-18144423178&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume10en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage21en_HK
dc.identifier.epage24en_HK
dc.publisher.placeCanadaen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCheung, BMY=7103294806en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAu, THY=8219592900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, SY=36901171600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, CM=7402989820en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLau, SH=16245370800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLee, RP=8219593300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLee, SF=8219593400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLo, WS=16022233800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSin, EHF=8219593600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTang, MY=9041695600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTsang, HH=36795174000en_HK

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