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Article: Ultra-low background measurements in a large volume underground detector: Borexino Collaboration
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TitleUltra-low background measurements in a large volume underground detector: Borexino Collaboration
 
AuthorsAlimonti, G7
Anghloher, G9
Arpesella, C10
Balata, M10
Bellini, G7
Benziger, J8
Bonetti, S7
Cadonati, L10
Calaprice, FP8
Cecchet, G5
Chen, M8
Darnton, N8
De Bari, A5
Deutsch, M1
Elisei, F7
Von Feilitzsch, F9
Galbiati, C7
Gatti, F2
Giammarchi, MG7
Giugni, D7
Goldbrunner, T9
Golubchikov, A4
Goretti, A7
Hagner, T9
Hartmann, FX7
Von Hentig, R9
Heusser, G3
Ianni, A7
Jochum, J9
Johnson, M8
Laubenstein, M10
Lombardi, P7
Magni, S7
Malvezzi, S7
Manno, I7
Manuzio, G2
Masetti, F7
Mazzucato, U7
Meroni, E7
Neff, M9
Nostro, A2
Oberauer, L9
Perotti, A5
Preda, A7
Raghavan, RS6
Ranucci, G7
Resconi, E7
Ruscitti, M2
Scardaoni, R7
Schönert, S9
Smirnov, O4
Tartaglia, R10
Testera, G2
Ullucci, P7
Vogelaar, RB8
Vitale, S2
Wojcik, M3
Zaimidoroga, O4
 
KeywordsLow Background Experiments
Low Radioactivity
Solar Neutrino
 
Issue Date1998
 
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/astropartphys
 
CitationAstroparticle Physics, 1998, v. 8 n. 3, p. 141-157 [How to Cite?]
 
AbstractA large volume (4.8 m3) liquid scintillator detector has been running in Hall C of the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory since February 1995. This detector is called the "Counting Test Facility" (CTF). The main goal of the detector facility is the measurement of ultralow background levels in scintillators and the development of processes able to purify them at this level. The detector has been designed to have exceptional sensitivity using a variety of methods to identify backgrounds. With the CTF, records were achieved in the domain of low background large volume detectors. Limits of 3.5 ± 1.3 × 10-16 g/g and 4.4+1.5 -1.2 × 10-16 g/g for the 238U and 232Th daughters, respectively, and 1.85 ± 0.13 ± 0.01 × 10-18 for the isotopic abundance of 14C relative to 12C were obtained. These results are very encouraging and point towards the feasibility of low energy, real time scintillation detectors for solar neutrinos, such as Borexino. © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
 
ISSN0927-6505
2012 Impact Factor: 4.777
2012 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.705
 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorAlimonti, G
 
dc.contributor.authorAnghloher, G
 
dc.contributor.authorArpesella, C
 
dc.contributor.authorBalata, M
 
dc.contributor.authorBellini, G
 
dc.contributor.authorBenziger, J
 
dc.contributor.authorBonetti, S
 
dc.contributor.authorCadonati, L
 
dc.contributor.authorCalaprice, FP
 
dc.contributor.authorCecchet, G
 
dc.contributor.authorChen, M
 
dc.contributor.authorDarnton, N
 
dc.contributor.authorDe Bari, A
 
dc.contributor.authorDeutsch, M
 
dc.contributor.authorElisei, F
 
dc.contributor.authorVon Feilitzsch, F
 
dc.contributor.authorGalbiati, C
 
dc.contributor.authorGatti, F
 
dc.contributor.authorGiammarchi, MG
 
dc.contributor.authorGiugni, D
 
dc.contributor.authorGoldbrunner, T
 
dc.contributor.authorGolubchikov, A
 
dc.contributor.authorGoretti, A
 
dc.contributor.authorHagner, T
 
dc.contributor.authorHartmann, FX
 
dc.contributor.authorVon Hentig, R
 
dc.contributor.authorHeusser, G
 
dc.contributor.authorIanni, A
 
dc.contributor.authorJochum, J
 
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, M
 
dc.contributor.authorLaubenstein, M
 
dc.contributor.authorLombardi, P
 
dc.contributor.authorMagni, S
 
dc.contributor.authorMalvezzi, S
 
dc.contributor.authorManno, I
 
dc.contributor.authorManuzio, G
 
dc.contributor.authorMasetti, F
 
dc.contributor.authorMazzucato, U
 
dc.contributor.authorMeroni, E
 
dc.contributor.authorNeff, M
 
dc.contributor.authorNostro, A
 
dc.contributor.authorOberauer, L
 
dc.contributor.authorPerotti, A
 
dc.contributor.authorPreda, A
 
dc.contributor.authorRaghavan, RS
 
dc.contributor.authorRanucci, G
 
dc.contributor.authorResconi, E
 
dc.contributor.authorRuscitti, M
 
dc.contributor.authorScardaoni, R
 
dc.contributor.authorSchönert, S
 
dc.contributor.authorSmirnov, O
 
dc.contributor.authorTartaglia, R
 
dc.contributor.authorTestera, G
 
dc.contributor.authorUllucci, P
 
dc.contributor.authorVogelaar, RB
 
dc.contributor.authorVitale, S
 
dc.contributor.authorWojcik, M
 
dc.contributor.authorZaimidoroga, O
 
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-17T10:18:32Z
 
dc.date.available2010-09-17T10:18:32Z
 
dc.date.issued1998
 
dc.description.abstractA large volume (4.8 m3) liquid scintillator detector has been running in Hall C of the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory since February 1995. This detector is called the "Counting Test Facility" (CTF). The main goal of the detector facility is the measurement of ultralow background levels in scintillators and the development of processes able to purify them at this level. The detector has been designed to have exceptional sensitivity using a variety of methods to identify backgrounds. With the CTF, records were achieved in the domain of low background large volume detectors. Limits of 3.5 ± 1.3 × 10-16 g/g and 4.4+1.5 -1.2 × 10-16 g/g for the 238U and 232Th daughters, respectively, and 1.85 ± 0.13 ± 0.01 × 10-18 for the isotopic abundance of 14C relative to 12C were obtained. These results are very encouraging and point towards the feasibility of low energy, real time scintillation detectors for solar neutrinos, such as Borexino. © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
 
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationAstroparticle Physics, 1998, v. 8 n. 3, p. 141-157 [How to Cite?]
 
dc.identifier.epage157
 
dc.identifier.issn0927-6505
2012 Impact Factor: 4.777
2012 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.705
 
dc.identifier.issue3
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0031991777
 
dc.identifier.spage141
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/91391
 
dc.identifier.volume8
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/astropartphys
 
dc.relation.ispartofAstroparticle Physics
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.subjectLow Background Experiments
 
dc.subjectLow Radioactivity
 
dc.subjectSolar Neutrino
 
dc.titleUltra-low background measurements in a large volume underground detector: Borexino Collaboration
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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<description.abstract>A large volume (4.8 m3) liquid scintillator detector has been running in Hall C of the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory since February 1995. This detector is called the &quot;Counting Test Facility&quot; (CTF). The main goal of the detector facility is the measurement of ultralow background levels in scintillators and the development of processes able to purify them at this level. The detector has been designed to have exceptional sensitivity using a variety of methods to identify backgrounds. With the CTF, records were achieved in the domain of low background large volume detectors. Limits of 3.5 &#177; 1.3 &#215; 10-16 g/g and 4.4+1.5 -1.2 &#215; 10-16 g/g for the 238U and 232Th daughters, respectively, and 1.85 &#177; 0.13 &#177; 0.01 &#215; 10-18 for the isotopic abundance of 14C relative to 12C were obtained. These results are very encouraging and point towards the feasibility of low energy, real time scintillation detectors for solar neutrinos, such as Borexino. &#169; 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.</description.abstract>
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<subject>Low Background Experiments</subject>
<subject>Low Radioactivity</subject>
<subject>Solar Neutrino</subject>
<title>Ultra-low background measurements in a large volume underground detector: Borexino Collaboration</title>
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Author Affiliations
  1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  2. Università degli Studi di Genova
  3. Max Planck Institut für Kernphysik
  4. Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna
  5. Università degli Studi di Pavia
  6. Alcatel-Lucent Bell Labs
  7. Istituto Nazionale Di Fisica Nucleare, Frascati
  8. Princeton University
  9. Technische Universität München
  10. Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso