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Article: The transformation of the urban planning system in China from a centrally-planned to transitional economy

TitleThe transformation of the urban planning system in China from a centrally-planned to transitional economy
Authors
Issue Date1999
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/progress
Citation
Progress In Planning, 1999, v. 51 n. 3, p. 167-252 How to Cite?
AbstractThe dominance of ideology, state control and economic planning on urban planning and development in China is rapidly diminishing after economic reforms in 1978. With the declining role of state enterprises in the economy and investment in cities, the introduction of housing and land reform, and the opening up of Chinese cities to foreign investment, the state and centrally-planned economy have less significant role to play in influencing the development of cities. Past urban planning practices, which were legitimized by the socialist ideology of planned growth, are now fundamentally challenged. Economic reforms have triggered reorganization of the economy and society on which urban planning operates. Decentralization of decision making, market-led urban development initiatives, retreat from socialist ideology, deregulation and increase in the number of actors and conflicts of interests in land development have challenged fundamentally the practice of urban planning. The deficiency of the conventional urban planning system has been recognized. The enactment of the 1989 City Planning Act is a major milestone that tries to re-establish and formalize the urban planning system in China to meet the challenges. But, there are still many deficiencies of the urban planning system in dealing with the rapidly changing socio-economic environment. Some of these deficiencies can be traced to the legacies of past planning practice and some are deficiencies of the City Planning Act. Experiments are taking place in Chinese cities which aim to provide better guidance to urban planning and development control from a centrally-planned to transitional economy. These include urban district plans, detailed development control plans and zoning. From a broader examination of current global challenges that confront urban planning in various countries, it can be seen that the problems in China stem from the reorganization of state and market in urban planning. Urban planning in China is now at a crossroads. The urban planning system needs to undergo both institutional and philosophical reforms, such as the setting up of an urban planning commission, making the detailed development control plan statutory, setting up an independent planning appeal system, better coordination between development control and land leasing, increase in public participation, training of planners and strengthening of professionalism, in order for it to achieve its role in guiding urban development into the 21st century.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/89809
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.0
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.663

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGarOn Yeh, Aen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWu, Fen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T10:02:04Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T10:02:04Z-
dc.date.issued1999en_HK
dc.identifier.citationProgress In Planning, 1999, v. 51 n. 3, p. 167-252en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0305-9006en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/89809-
dc.description.abstractThe dominance of ideology, state control and economic planning on urban planning and development in China is rapidly diminishing after economic reforms in 1978. With the declining role of state enterprises in the economy and investment in cities, the introduction of housing and land reform, and the opening up of Chinese cities to foreign investment, the state and centrally-planned economy have less significant role to play in influencing the development of cities. Past urban planning practices, which were legitimized by the socialist ideology of planned growth, are now fundamentally challenged. Economic reforms have triggered reorganization of the economy and society on which urban planning operates. Decentralization of decision making, market-led urban development initiatives, retreat from socialist ideology, deregulation and increase in the number of actors and conflicts of interests in land development have challenged fundamentally the practice of urban planning. The deficiency of the conventional urban planning system has been recognized. The enactment of the 1989 City Planning Act is a major milestone that tries to re-establish and formalize the urban planning system in China to meet the challenges. But, there are still many deficiencies of the urban planning system in dealing with the rapidly changing socio-economic environment. Some of these deficiencies can be traced to the legacies of past planning practice and some are deficiencies of the City Planning Act. Experiments are taking place in Chinese cities which aim to provide better guidance to urban planning and development control from a centrally-planned to transitional economy. These include urban district plans, detailed development control plans and zoning. From a broader examination of current global challenges that confront urban planning in various countries, it can be seen that the problems in China stem from the reorganization of state and market in urban planning. Urban planning in China is now at a crossroads. The urban planning system needs to undergo both institutional and philosophical reforms, such as the setting up of an urban planning commission, making the detailed development control plan statutory, setting up an independent planning appeal system, better coordination between development control and land leasing, increase in public participation, training of planners and strengthening of professionalism, in order for it to achieve its role in guiding urban development into the 21st century.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/progressen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofProgress in Planningen_HK
dc.titleThe transformation of the urban planning system in China from a centrally-planned to transitional economyen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0305-9006&volume=51 Part 3&spage=167&epage=252&date=1999&atitle=The+Transformation+of+the+Urban+Planning+System+in+China+From+a+Centrally-Planned+to+Transitional+Economyen_HK
dc.identifier.emailGarOn Yeh, A: hdxugoy@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityGarOn Yeh, A=rp01033en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0305-9006(98)00029-4en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0033010757en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros43667en_HK
dc.identifier.volume51en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3en_HK
dc.identifier.spage167en_HK
dc.identifier.epage252en_HK
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGarOn Yeh, A=7103069369en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWu, F=7403463877en_HK

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