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Article: Economic Restructuring and Land Use Planning in Hong Kong

TitleEconomic Restructuring and Land Use Planning in Hong Kong
香港的經濟結構轉型與土地利用規劃
Authors
KeywordsHong Kong (香港)
Economic restructuring (經濟結構轉型)
Urban land use planning (城市土地利用規劃)
Issue Date1997
PublisherScience Press (科學出版社). The Journal's web site is located at http://www.geog.com.cn/
Citation
Acta Geographica Sinica, 1997, v. 52 n. suppl. 1, p. 39-51 How to Cite?
地理學報, 1997, v. 52 n. suppl. 1, p. 39-51 How to Cite?
AbstractHong Kong has lost its position as a major manufacturing centre in Asia and has under-gone rapid economic restructuring since the late 1980s because of the northward migration of its industries to China . It is transforming itself into a financial and service centre. Manufactur-ing employment decreased from 47. 0 per cent of the total employment in 1971 to 28. 2 per cent in 1991 whereas its financing, insurance, real estate and business services sector increased from 2. 5 per cent in 1971 to 10. 6 per cent over the same period. Economic restructuring in Hong Kong is mainly due to the adoption of the 'open door' policy in China in 1978 which provided opportunities for Hong Kong manufacturers to establish plants in China. With lower labour cost and land prices in the zhujiang Delta adjacent to Hong Kong, many industries in Hong Kong have either migrated or set up outward processing plants there. Economic restructuring has had a major impact on the development of Hong Kong, especially in terms unemployment and manpower planning. It has also had an impact on urban planning in Hong Kong. Urban plan-ning has to deal with the decline of old urban districts, increased demand for industrial/office buidings, and changes in the locational demands of industries. It also has to develop science parks and office buildings to provide the basic infrastructure to attract new types of industries and economic activities to face the challenge of the rapid decline in its traditional manufacturing base.
香港于80年代后期由于工業向內地轉移而進行了經濟結構轉型,成為一個金融及服務中心。工業的就業人數驟減。同時,金融、保險、房地產及商業服務業人員激增。其經濟結構轉型的主要原因是中國實行“開放改革”政策使香港地區的工業能向內地轉移。首先由于毗鄰的珠江三角洲廉價勞動力的吸引。經濟結構轉型最大的負面影響是失業人口及勞動力的規劃。這對城市規劃產生了深遠的影響。城市規劃需要解決舊工業區的重建、日益增長的工業辦公樓的需求及工業區區位要求的變化等問題。同時,它還需要開發科技園及辦公樓等基本設施來吸引新型的工業及經濟活動。
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/89739
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.447

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYeh, AGOen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T10:01:12Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T10:01:12Z-
dc.date.issued1997en_HK
dc.identifier.citationActa Geographica Sinica, 1997, v. 52 n. suppl. 1, p. 39-51en_HK
dc.identifier.citation地理學報, 1997, v. 52 n. suppl. 1, p. 39-51-
dc.identifier.issn0375-5444en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/89739-
dc.description.abstractHong Kong has lost its position as a major manufacturing centre in Asia and has under-gone rapid economic restructuring since the late 1980s because of the northward migration of its industries to China . It is transforming itself into a financial and service centre. Manufactur-ing employment decreased from 47. 0 per cent of the total employment in 1971 to 28. 2 per cent in 1991 whereas its financing, insurance, real estate and business services sector increased from 2. 5 per cent in 1971 to 10. 6 per cent over the same period. Economic restructuring in Hong Kong is mainly due to the adoption of the 'open door' policy in China in 1978 which provided opportunities for Hong Kong manufacturers to establish plants in China. With lower labour cost and land prices in the zhujiang Delta adjacent to Hong Kong, many industries in Hong Kong have either migrated or set up outward processing plants there. Economic restructuring has had a major impact on the development of Hong Kong, especially in terms unemployment and manpower planning. It has also had an impact on urban planning in Hong Kong. Urban plan-ning has to deal with the decline of old urban districts, increased demand for industrial/office buidings, and changes in the locational demands of industries. It also has to develop science parks and office buildings to provide the basic infrastructure to attract new types of industries and economic activities to face the challenge of the rapid decline in its traditional manufacturing base.-
dc.description.abstract香港于80年代后期由于工業向內地轉移而進行了經濟結構轉型,成為一個金融及服務中心。工業的就業人數驟減。同時,金融、保險、房地產及商業服務業人員激增。其經濟結構轉型的主要原因是中國實行“開放改革”政策使香港地區的工業能向內地轉移。首先由于毗鄰的珠江三角洲廉價勞動力的吸引。經濟結構轉型最大的負面影響是失業人口及勞動力的規劃。這對城市規劃產生了深遠的影響。城市規劃需要解決舊工業區的重建、日益增長的工業辦公樓的需求及工業區區位要求的變化等問題。同時,它還需要開發科技園及辦公樓等基本設施來吸引新型的工業及經濟活動。-
dc.languagechien_HK
dc.publisherScience Press (科學出版社). The Journal's web site is located at http://www.geog.com.cn/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofActa Geographica Sinicaen_HK
dc.relation.ispartof地理學報-
dc.subjectHong Kong (香港)-
dc.subjectEconomic restructuring (經濟結構轉型)-
dc.subjectUrban land use planning (城市土地利用規劃)-
dc.titleEconomic Restructuring and Land Use Planning in Hong Kongen_HK
dc.title香港的經濟結構轉型與土地利用規劃-
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0375-5444&volume=52 supplement&spage=39&epage=51&date=1997&atitle=Economic+Restructuring+and+Land+Use+Planning+in+Hong+Kongen_HK
dc.identifier.emailYeh, AGO: hdxugoy@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityYeh, AGO=rp01033en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros33875en_HK
dc.identifier.volume52-
dc.identifier.issuesuppl. 1-
dc.identifier.spage39-
dc.identifier.epage51-
dc.publisher.placeBeijing (北京)-

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