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Article: The effects of competition on achievement motivation in Chinese classrooms

TitleThe effects of competition on achievement motivation in Chinese classrooms
Authors
Issue Date2004
PublisherThe British Psychological Society. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.bps.org.uk/publications/jEP_1.cfm
Citation
British Journal Of Educational Psychology, 2004, v. 74 n. 2, p. 281-296 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground. Laboratory studies have consistently found that competition induces performance goals and affects learning motivation. However, the ecological validity of these results is yet to be established. There is a need for investigation of whether the results hold in both the classroom context and non-Western culture. Aim. The study investigated the effects of competition on learning motivation among Chinese students in an authentic classroom setting. Sample. The participants were 52 students of grade 7 from two Hong Kong secondary schools. Method. They were randomly assigned to either competitive or non-competitive conditions in a 2-hour Chinese typewriting course. Results. Students in the competitive condition performed better in easy tasks than their counterparts in the non-competitive condition. However, they were more performance-oriented and more likely to sacrifice learning opportunities for better performance. They were also prone to have worse self-evaluation after failure. Although there were no statistically significant differences between the two conditions in task enjoyment and achievement attribution, the direction of the differences was consistently unfavourable to students in the competitive condition. Conclusion. The findings were consistent with the predictions of goal theory. Competitiveness induces performance goals and worse self-evaluation after failure among Chinese students in a classroom setting, as was found with Western students in a laboratory setting.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/89395
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.0
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.304
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLam, SFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYim, PSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLaw, JSFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorCheung, RWYen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:56:28Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:56:28Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_HK
dc.identifier.citationBritish Journal Of Educational Psychology, 2004, v. 74 n. 2, p. 281-296en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0007-0998en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/89395-
dc.description.abstractBackground. Laboratory studies have consistently found that competition induces performance goals and affects learning motivation. However, the ecological validity of these results is yet to be established. There is a need for investigation of whether the results hold in both the classroom context and non-Western culture. Aim. The study investigated the effects of competition on learning motivation among Chinese students in an authentic classroom setting. Sample. The participants were 52 students of grade 7 from two Hong Kong secondary schools. Method. They were randomly assigned to either competitive or non-competitive conditions in a 2-hour Chinese typewriting course. Results. Students in the competitive condition performed better in easy tasks than their counterparts in the non-competitive condition. However, they were more performance-oriented and more likely to sacrifice learning opportunities for better performance. They were also prone to have worse self-evaluation after failure. Although there were no statistically significant differences between the two conditions in task enjoyment and achievement attribution, the direction of the differences was consistently unfavourable to students in the competitive condition. Conclusion. The findings were consistent with the predictions of goal theory. Competitiveness induces performance goals and worse self-evaluation after failure among Chinese students in a classroom setting, as was found with Western students in a laboratory setting.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherThe British Psychological Society. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.bps.org.uk/publications/jEP_1.cfmen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofBritish Journal of Educational Psychologyen_HK
dc.titleThe effects of competition on achievement motivation in Chinese classroomsen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0007-0998&volume=74&spage=281&epage=296&date=2004&atitle=The+effects+of+competition+on+achievement+motivation+in+Chinese+classroomsen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, SF:lamsf@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, SF=rp00568en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1348/000709904773839888en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid15130192-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-2942590722en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros94310en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-2942590722&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume74en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage281en_HK
dc.identifier.epage296en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000221842800009-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, SF=7402279467en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYim, PS=7006296825en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLaw, JSF=19836147700en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCheung, RWY=35978342900en_HK

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