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Article: Physical activity - A neat solution to an impending crisis

TitlePhysical activity - A neat solution to an impending crisis
Authors
KeywordsChildren
Energy expenditure
Obesity
Physical activity
Issue Date2007
PublisherJournal of Sports Science and Medicine. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.jssm.org/
Citation
Journal Of Sports Science And Medicine, 2007, v. 6 n. 3, p. 368-373 How to Cite?
AbstractChildhood obesity is arguably the most significant global public health threat, yet effective strategies to contain or prevent the disease are not available. This review examines the physical activity patterns of children and the role physical activity plays in daily energy expenditure. The prevailing focus on moderate to vigorous activity in childhood means there is limited objective information on either sedentary behaviour or non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT), the energy expended during the activities of daily living. Most strategies targeting the prevention of childhood obesity have focused upon adding moderate to vigorous activity and have not been particularly successful. The low efficacy of more purposeful activity is perhaps not surprising because of the small variance in children's physical activity levels explained by moderate to vigorous activity. Subtle changes in NEAT have in contrast been shown to account for differences in fat-mass gain or resistance in adults. Theoretically, manipulating a child's living environment to enhance NEAT would create a positive gain in TDEE, a gain that could lead to the prevention of excess fat-mass. More careful consideration of the specific aspects of physical activity that are most influential in the maintenance of body weight in childhood is a priority. Appreciating the role NEAT may play in the variation of total daily energy expenditure in children is a future challenge for physical activity research. ©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2007).
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87929
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.43
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.682
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMcManus, AMen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:36:15Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:36:15Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Sports Science And Medicine, 2007, v. 6 n. 3, p. 368-373en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1303-2968en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87929-
dc.description.abstractChildhood obesity is arguably the most significant global public health threat, yet effective strategies to contain or prevent the disease are not available. This review examines the physical activity patterns of children and the role physical activity plays in daily energy expenditure. The prevailing focus on moderate to vigorous activity in childhood means there is limited objective information on either sedentary behaviour or non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT), the energy expended during the activities of daily living. Most strategies targeting the prevention of childhood obesity have focused upon adding moderate to vigorous activity and have not been particularly successful. The low efficacy of more purposeful activity is perhaps not surprising because of the small variance in children's physical activity levels explained by moderate to vigorous activity. Subtle changes in NEAT have in contrast been shown to account for differences in fat-mass gain or resistance in adults. Theoretically, manipulating a child's living environment to enhance NEAT would create a positive gain in TDEE, a gain that could lead to the prevention of excess fat-mass. More careful consideration of the specific aspects of physical activity that are most influential in the maintenance of body weight in childhood is a priority. Appreciating the role NEAT may play in the variation of total daily energy expenditure in children is a future challenge for physical activity research. ©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2007).en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherJournal of Sports Science and Medicine. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.jssm.org/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Sports Science and Medicineen_HK
dc.subjectChildrenen_HK
dc.subjectEnergy expenditureen_HK
dc.subjectObesityen_HK
dc.subjectPhysical activityen_HK
dc.titlePhysical activity - A neat solution to an impending crisisen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1303-2968&volume=6&spage=368&epage=373&date=2007&atitle=Physical+activity+–+a+neat+solution+to+an+impending+crisis.en_HK
dc.identifier.emailMcManus, AM: alimac@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMcManus, AM=rp00936en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-34548428373en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros153055en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-34548428373&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume6en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3en_HK
dc.identifier.spage368en_HK
dc.identifier.epage373en_HK
dc.publisher.placeTurkeyen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMcManus, AM=7004635919en_HK

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