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Article: Stable implicit motor processes despite aerobic locomotor fatigue

TitleStable implicit motor processes despite aerobic locomotor fatigue
Authors
KeywordsErrorless learning
Evolution
Implicit motor learning
VO2 max. running test
Issue Date2008
PublisherAcademic Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/concog
Citation
Consciousness And Cognition, 2008, v. 17 n. 1, p. 335-338 How to Cite?
AbstractImplicit processes almost certainly preceded explicit processes in our evolutionary history, so they are likely to be more resistant to disruption according to the principles of evolutionary biology [Reber, A. S. (1992). The cognitive unconscious: An evolutionary perspective. Consciousness and Cognition, 1, 93-133.]. Previous work (e.g., [Masters, R. S. W. (1992). Knowledge, (k)nerves and know-how: The role of explicit versus implicit knowledge in the breakdown of a complex motor skill under pressure. British Journal of Psychology, 83, 343-358.]) has shown that implicitly learned motor skills remain stable under psychological pressure and concurrent cognitive demands, and recently [Poolton, J. M., Masters, R. S. W., & Maxwell, J. P. (2007). Passing thoughts on the evolutionary stability of implicit motor behaviour: Performance retention under physiological fatigue. Consciousness and Cognition, 16(2), 456-468.] showed that they also remain stable under conditions of anaerobic fatigue that would have significantly challenged the survival skills of our ancestors. Here we examine the stability of an implicitly learned motor skill under fatigue conditions that primarily tax a different physiological system (the aerobic system), but which have equally strong evolutionary connotations. Participants acquired a throwing task by means of an errorless (implicit) learning method or an errorful (explicit) method. Motor performance in the errorless condition, but not the errorful condition, remained stable following an exhaustive VO2 max. running test. Our findings replicate and extend the work of Poolton et al., providing further support for Reber's evolutionary distinction between implicit and explicit processes. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87923
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.182
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.363
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMasters, RSWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorPoolton, JMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMaxwell, JPen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:36:11Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:36:11Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_HK
dc.identifier.citationConsciousness And Cognition, 2008, v. 17 n. 1, p. 335-338en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1053-8100en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87923-
dc.description.abstractImplicit processes almost certainly preceded explicit processes in our evolutionary history, so they are likely to be more resistant to disruption according to the principles of evolutionary biology [Reber, A. S. (1992). The cognitive unconscious: An evolutionary perspective. Consciousness and Cognition, 1, 93-133.]. Previous work (e.g., [Masters, R. S. W. (1992). Knowledge, (k)nerves and know-how: The role of explicit versus implicit knowledge in the breakdown of a complex motor skill under pressure. British Journal of Psychology, 83, 343-358.]) has shown that implicitly learned motor skills remain stable under psychological pressure and concurrent cognitive demands, and recently [Poolton, J. M., Masters, R. S. W., & Maxwell, J. P. (2007). Passing thoughts on the evolutionary stability of implicit motor behaviour: Performance retention under physiological fatigue. Consciousness and Cognition, 16(2), 456-468.] showed that they also remain stable under conditions of anaerobic fatigue that would have significantly challenged the survival skills of our ancestors. Here we examine the stability of an implicitly learned motor skill under fatigue conditions that primarily tax a different physiological system (the aerobic system), but which have equally strong evolutionary connotations. Participants acquired a throwing task by means of an errorless (implicit) learning method or an errorful (explicit) method. Motor performance in the errorless condition, but not the errorful condition, remained stable following an exhaustive VO2 max. running test. Our findings replicate and extend the work of Poolton et al., providing further support for Reber's evolutionary distinction between implicit and explicit processes. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherAcademic Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/concogen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofConsciousness and Cognitionen_HK
dc.subjectErrorless learningen_HK
dc.subjectEvolutionen_HK
dc.subjectImplicit motor learningen_HK
dc.subjectVO2 max. running testen_HK
dc.titleStable implicit motor processes despite aerobic locomotor fatigueen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1053-8100&volume=17&spage=335&epage=338&date=2008&atitle=Stable+implicit+motor+processes+despite+aerobic+locomotor+fatigueen_HK
dc.identifier.emailMasters, RSW: mastersr@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailPoolton, JM: jamiep@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMasters, RSW=rp00935en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityPoolton, JM=rp00949en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.concog.2007.03.009en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid17470398-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-40749142065en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros140978en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-40749142065&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume17en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage335en_HK
dc.identifier.epage338en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000255329300029-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMasters, RSW=7102880488en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPoolton, JM=8921750800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMaxwell, JP=7201610565en_HK

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