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Article: When "where" is more important than "when": Birthplace and birthdate effects on the achievement of sporting expertise

TitleWhen "where" is more important than "when": Birthplace and birthdate effects on the achievement of sporting expertise
Authors
KeywordsAthlete development
Children in sport
City size
Elite athletes
Relative age
Issue Date2006
PublisherTaylor & Francis Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/02640414.asp
Citation
Journal Of Sports Sciences, 2006, v. 24 n. 10, p. 1065-1073 How to Cite?
AbstractIn this study, we assessed whether contextual factors related to where or when an athlete is born influence their likelihood of playing professional sport. The birthplace and birth month of all American players in the National Hockey League, National Basketball Association, Major League Baseball, and Professional Golfer's Association, and all Canadian players in the National Hockey League were collected from official websites. Monte Carlo simulations were used to verify if the birthplace of these professional athletes deviated in any systematic way from the official census population distribution, and chi-square analyses were conducted to determine whether the players' birth months were evenly distributed throughout the year. Results showed a birthplace bias towards smaller cities, with professional athletes being over-represented in cities of less than 500,000 and under-represented in cities of 500,000 and over. A birth month/relative age effect (in the form of a distinct bias towards elite athletes being relatively older than their peers) was found for hockey and baseball but not for basketball and golf. Comparative analyses suggested that contextual factors associated with place of birth contribute more influentially to the achievement of an elite level of sport performance than does relative age and that these factors are essentially independent in their influences on expertise development.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87917
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.142
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.204
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCôté, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMacdonald, DJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorBaker, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorAbernethy, Ben_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:36:06Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:36:06Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Sports Sciences, 2006, v. 24 n. 10, p. 1065-1073en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0264-0414en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87917-
dc.description.abstractIn this study, we assessed whether contextual factors related to where or when an athlete is born influence their likelihood of playing professional sport. The birthplace and birth month of all American players in the National Hockey League, National Basketball Association, Major League Baseball, and Professional Golfer's Association, and all Canadian players in the National Hockey League were collected from official websites. Monte Carlo simulations were used to verify if the birthplace of these professional athletes deviated in any systematic way from the official census population distribution, and chi-square analyses were conducted to determine whether the players' birth months were evenly distributed throughout the year. Results showed a birthplace bias towards smaller cities, with professional athletes being over-represented in cities of less than 500,000 and under-represented in cities of 500,000 and over. A birth month/relative age effect (in the form of a distinct bias towards elite athletes being relatively older than their peers) was found for hockey and baseball but not for basketball and golf. Comparative analyses suggested that contextual factors associated with place of birth contribute more influentially to the achievement of an elite level of sport performance than does relative age and that these factors are essentially independent in their influences on expertise development.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/02640414.aspen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Sports Sciencesen_HK
dc.subjectAthlete developmenten_HK
dc.subjectChildren in sporten_HK
dc.subjectCity sizeen_HK
dc.subjectElite athletesen_HK
dc.subjectRelative ageen_HK
dc.titleWhen "where" is more important than "when": Birthplace and birthdate effects on the achievement of sporting expertiseen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0264-0414&volume=24&spage=1065&epage=1073&date=2006&atitle=When+“where”+is+more+important+than+“when”:+Birthplace+and+birthdate+effects+on+the+achievement+of+sporting+expertise.++en_HK
dc.identifier.emailAbernethy, B: bruceab@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityAbernethy, B=rp00886en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/02640410500432490en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid17115521-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-33750039659en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros137870en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-33750039659&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume24en_HK
dc.identifier.issue10en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1065en_HK
dc.identifier.epage1073en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000242212400005-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCôté, J=7101908984en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMacdonald, DJ=7401463015en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBaker, J=7404127232en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAbernethy, B=8841578500en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike896658-

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