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Article: Marginally perceptible outcome feedback, motor learning and implicit processes

TitleMarginally perceptible outcome feedback, motor learning and implicit processes
Authors
KeywordsDeclarative knowledge
Hypothesis testing
Implicit [motor] learning
Outcome feedback
Subjective and objective threshold of awareness
Issue Date2009
PublisherAcademic Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/concog
Citation
Consciousness And Cognition, 2009, v. 18 n. 3, p. 639-645 How to Cite?
AbstractParticipants struck 500 golf balls to a concealed target. Outcome feedback was presented at the subjective or objective threshold of awareness of each participant or at a supraliminal threshold. Participants who received fully perceptible (supraliminal) feedback learned to strike the ball onto the target, as did participants who received feedback that was only marginally perceptible (subjective threshold). Participants who received feedback that was not perceptible (objective threshold) showed no learning. Upon transfer to a condition in which the target was unconcealed, performance increased in both the subjective and the objective threshold condition, but decreased in the supraliminal condition. In all three conditions, participants reported minimal declarative knowledge of their movements, suggesting that deliberate hypothesis testing about how best to move in order to perform the motor task successfully was disrupted by the impoverished disposition of the visual outcome feedback. It was concluded that sub-optimally perceptible visual feedback evokes implicit processes. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87905
ISSN
2014 Impact Factor: 1.941
2014 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.145
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMasters, RSWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMaxwell, JPen_HK
dc.contributor.authorEves, FFen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:35:58Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:35:58Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_HK
dc.identifier.citationConsciousness And Cognition, 2009, v. 18 n. 3, p. 639-645en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1053-8100en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87905-
dc.description.abstractParticipants struck 500 golf balls to a concealed target. Outcome feedback was presented at the subjective or objective threshold of awareness of each participant or at a supraliminal threshold. Participants who received fully perceptible (supraliminal) feedback learned to strike the ball onto the target, as did participants who received feedback that was only marginally perceptible (subjective threshold). Participants who received feedback that was not perceptible (objective threshold) showed no learning. Upon transfer to a condition in which the target was unconcealed, performance increased in both the subjective and the objective threshold condition, but decreased in the supraliminal condition. In all three conditions, participants reported minimal declarative knowledge of their movements, suggesting that deliberate hypothesis testing about how best to move in order to perform the motor task successfully was disrupted by the impoverished disposition of the visual outcome feedback. It was concluded that sub-optimally perceptible visual feedback evokes implicit processes. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherAcademic Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/concogen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofConsciousness and Cognitionen_HK
dc.subjectDeclarative knowledgeen_HK
dc.subjectHypothesis testingen_HK
dc.subjectImplicit [motor] learningen_HK
dc.subjectOutcome feedbacken_HK
dc.subjectSubjective and objective threshold of awarenessen_HK
dc.subject.meshAwareness-
dc.subject.meshFeedback, Psychological-
dc.subject.meshGolf - psychology-
dc.subject.meshOrientation-
dc.subject.meshPsychomotor Performance-
dc.titleMarginally perceptible outcome feedback, motor learning and implicit processesen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1053-8100&volume=18&issue=3&spage=639&epage=645&date=2009&atitle=Marginally+perceptible+outcome+feedback,+motor+learning+and+implicit+processesen_HK
dc.identifier.emailMasters, RSW: mastersr@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMasters, RSW=rp00935en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.concog.2009.03.004en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid19375946-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-69249208569en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros163626en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-69249208569&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume18en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3en_HK
dc.identifier.spage639en_HK
dc.identifier.epage645en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1090-2376-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000270376100008-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMasters, RSW=7102880488en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMaxwell, JP=7201610565en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridEves, FF=6701797804en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike5123232-

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