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Article: Self-focused attention and performance failure under psychological stress

TitleSelf-focused attention and performance failure under psychological stress
Authors
KeywordsAnxiety
Basketball
Time-to-event
Issue Date2002
PublisherHuman Kinetics.
Citation
Journal Of Sport And Exercise Psychology, 2002, v. 24 n. 3, p. 289-305 How to Cite?
AbstractAlthough it has often been implied that self-focused attention plays a mediating role in performance degradation under stress, the assumption that stress will evoke self-focus has received limited empirical support. Two studies were carried out to explore this relationship. The first study, using a time-to-event paradigm, showed that a higher level of self-focused attention accompanied increased anxiety levels in the buildup to competition. In the second study, basketball novices who were instructed to focus on the mechanics of the ball-shooting process during practice suffered a significant performance decrement in a subsequent stressful test phase, whereas those who were required only to do their best during practice showed no degradation in performance. It was concluded that self-focused attention may increase in response to psychological stress, and that the negative effect of self-focused attention on performance under stress is likely to be magnified by learning the skill under a high degree of self-focused attention, which can result in an overawareness of the performance process.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87889
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.379
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.237
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLiao, CMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMasters, RSWen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:35:46Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:35:46Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Sport And Exercise Psychology, 2002, v. 24 n. 3, p. 289-305en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0895-2779en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87889-
dc.description.abstractAlthough it has often been implied that self-focused attention plays a mediating role in performance degradation under stress, the assumption that stress will evoke self-focus has received limited empirical support. Two studies were carried out to explore this relationship. The first study, using a time-to-event paradigm, showed that a higher level of self-focused attention accompanied increased anxiety levels in the buildup to competition. In the second study, basketball novices who were instructed to focus on the mechanics of the ball-shooting process during practice suffered a significant performance decrement in a subsequent stressful test phase, whereas those who were required only to do their best during practice showed no degradation in performance. It was concluded that self-focused attention may increase in response to psychological stress, and that the negative effect of self-focused attention on performance under stress is likely to be magnified by learning the skill under a high degree of self-focused attention, which can result in an overawareness of the performance process.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherHuman Kinetics.en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychologyen_HK
dc.subjectAnxietyen_HK
dc.subjectBasketballen_HK
dc.subjectTime-to-eventen_HK
dc.titleSelf-focused attention and performance failure under psychological stressen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0895-2779&volume=24&spage=289&epage=305&date=2002&atitle=Self-focused+attention+and+performance+failure+under+psychological+stressen_HK
dc.identifier.emailMasters, RSW: mastersr@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMasters, RSW=rp00935en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036042821en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros83728en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0036042821&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume24en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3en_HK
dc.identifier.spage289en_HK
dc.identifier.epage305en_HK
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLiao, CM=55231971500en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMasters, RSW=7102880488en_HK

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