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Article: The role of working memory in motor learning and performance

TitleThe role of working memory in motor learning and performance
Authors
KeywordsDeclarative
Feedback
Golf
Kinematics
Learning
Motor learning
Procedural
Working memory
Issue Date2003
PublisherAcademic Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/concog
Citation
Consciousness And Cognition, 2003, v. 12 n. 3, p. 376-402 How to Cite?
AbstractThree experiments explore the role of working memory in motor skill acquisition and performance. Traditional theories postulate that skill acquisition proceeds through stages of knowing, which are initially declarative but later procedural. The reported experiments challenge that view and support an independent, parallel processing model, which predicts that procedural and declarative knowledge can be acquired separately and that the former does not depend on the availability of working memory, whereas, the latter does. The behaviour of these two processes was manipulated by providing or withholding visual (and auditory) appraisal of outcome feedback. Withholding feedback was predicted to inhibit the use of working memory to appraise success and, thus, prevent the formation of declarative knowledge without affecting the accumulation of procedural knowledge. While the first experiment failed to support these predictions, the second and third experiments demonstrated that procedural and declarative knowledge can be acquired independently. It is suggested that the availability of working memory is crucial to motor performance only when the learner has come to rely on its use. © 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87860
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.182
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.363
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMaxwell, JPen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMasters, RSWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorEves, FFen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:35:25Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:35:25Z-
dc.date.issued2003en_HK
dc.identifier.citationConsciousness And Cognition, 2003, v. 12 n. 3, p. 376-402en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1053-8100en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87860-
dc.description.abstractThree experiments explore the role of working memory in motor skill acquisition and performance. Traditional theories postulate that skill acquisition proceeds through stages of knowing, which are initially declarative but later procedural. The reported experiments challenge that view and support an independent, parallel processing model, which predicts that procedural and declarative knowledge can be acquired separately and that the former does not depend on the availability of working memory, whereas, the latter does. The behaviour of these two processes was manipulated by providing or withholding visual (and auditory) appraisal of outcome feedback. Withholding feedback was predicted to inhibit the use of working memory to appraise success and, thus, prevent the formation of declarative knowledge without affecting the accumulation of procedural knowledge. While the first experiment failed to support these predictions, the second and third experiments demonstrated that procedural and declarative knowledge can be acquired independently. It is suggested that the availability of working memory is crucial to motor performance only when the learner has come to rely on its use. © 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherAcademic Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/concogen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofConsciousness and Cognitionen_HK
dc.subjectDeclarativeen_HK
dc.subjectFeedbacken_HK
dc.subjectGolfen_HK
dc.subjectKinematicsen_HK
dc.subjectLearningen_HK
dc.subjectMotor learningen_HK
dc.subjectProceduralen_HK
dc.subjectWorking memoryen_HK
dc.titleThe role of working memory in motor learning and performanceen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1053-8100&volume=12&spage=376&epage=402&date=2003&atitle=The+role+of+working+memory+in+motor+learning+and+performance.en_HK
dc.identifier.emailMasters, RSW: mastersr@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMasters, RSW=rp00935en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S1053-8100(03)00005-9en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid12941284-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0042162972en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros91599en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0042162972&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume12en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3en_HK
dc.identifier.spage376en_HK
dc.identifier.epage402en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000185166300005-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMaxwell, JP=7201610565en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMasters, RSW=7102880488en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridEves, FF=6701797804en_HK

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