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Article: Discovery learning in sports: Implicit or explicit processes?

TitleDiscovery learning in sports: Implicit or explicit processes?
Authors
KeywordsDecision making
Discovery learning
Explicit learning
Implicit learning
Issue Date2009
PublisherFitness Information Technology Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.fitinfotech.com/IJSEP/IJSEPWVU.tpl
Citation
International Journal Of Sport And Exercise Psychology, 2009, v. 7 n. 4, p. 413-430 How to Cite?
AbstractDiscovery learning is believed to be an effective method for learning motor, anticipation, and cognitive skills, but the mechanisms leading to improvements are not well understood in the context of real-life decisions in sports. There is no agreement on whether implicit or explicit learning processes underlie discovery learning. We compared the performances of four groups of participants in a basketball decision situation: Two groups received training in perceptual or cognitive discovery learning, respectively; a third group received rule-instructed guidance, and the fourth group was used as a control and received no specific training. We evaluated the relative effectiveness of these approaches and their common or distinct mechanisms. The rule-instructed group was superior in decision quality to the other groups. In addition, we found that cognitive discovery learning is based more on explicit processes but perceptual discovery learning relies more on implicit processes. These results indicate that in sports the concept of discovery learning should be differentiated according to its perceptual and cognitive components. © 2009 ISSP.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87847
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.774
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorRaab, Men_HK
dc.contributor.authorMasters, RSWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMaxwell, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorArnold, Aen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSchlapkohl, Nen_HK
dc.contributor.authorPoolton, Jen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:35:15Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:35:15Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_HK
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal Of Sport And Exercise Psychology, 2009, v. 7 n. 4, p. 413-430en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1612-197Xen_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/87847-
dc.description.abstractDiscovery learning is believed to be an effective method for learning motor, anticipation, and cognitive skills, but the mechanisms leading to improvements are not well understood in the context of real-life decisions in sports. There is no agreement on whether implicit or explicit learning processes underlie discovery learning. We compared the performances of four groups of participants in a basketball decision situation: Two groups received training in perceptual or cognitive discovery learning, respectively; a third group received rule-instructed guidance, and the fourth group was used as a control and received no specific training. We evaluated the relative effectiveness of these approaches and their common or distinct mechanisms. The rule-instructed group was superior in decision quality to the other groups. In addition, we found that cognitive discovery learning is based more on explicit processes but perceptual discovery learning relies more on implicit processes. These results indicate that in sports the concept of discovery learning should be differentiated according to its perceptual and cognitive components. © 2009 ISSP.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherFitness Information Technology Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.fitinfotech.com/IJSEP/IJSEPWVU.tplen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychologyen_HK
dc.subjectDecision makingen_HK
dc.subjectDiscovery learningen_HK
dc.subjectExplicit learningen_HK
dc.subjectImplicit learningen_HK
dc.titleDiscovery learning in sports: Implicit or explicit processes?en_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1612-197X&volume=7&issue=4&spage=413&epage=430&date=2009&atitle=Discovery+learning+in+sports:+implicit+or+explicit+processes?-
dc.identifier.emailMasters, RSW: mastersr@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailPoolton, J: jamiep@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMasters, RSW=rp00935en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityPoolton, J=rp00949en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-72149083572en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros167945en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-72149083572&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume7en_HK
dc.identifier.issue4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage413en_HK
dc.identifier.epage430en_HK
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRaab, M=33167708900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMasters, RSW=7102880488en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMaxwell, J=7201610565en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridArnold, A=30367516500en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSchlapkohl, N=35224041100en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPoolton, J=8921750800en_HK

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