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Article: Impact of smoking and smoking cessation on lung cancer mortality in the Asia-Pacific region

TitleImpact of smoking and smoking cessation on lung cancer mortality in the Asia-Pacific region
Authors
Issue Date2007
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/
Citation
American Journal Of Epidemiology, 2007, v. 165 n. 11, p. 1280-1286 How to Cite?
AbstractCigarette smoking is becoming increasingly common in Asia while quitting remains rare, in part because of a lack of knowledge about the risks of smoking. This study compared the risk of death from lung cancer associated with smoking habits in Australia and New Zealand and in Asia by using data from the Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration: 31 studies involving 480,125 individuals. Cox regression models were used. The hazard ratios for lung cancer mortality associated with current smoking were, for men, 2.48 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.99, 3.11) in Asia versus 9.87 (95% CI: 6.04, 16.12) in Australia and New Zealand; p for homogeneity <0.0001. For women, the corresponding estimates were 2.35 (95% CI: 1.29, 4.28) in Asia versus 19.33 (95% CI: 10.0, 37.3) in Australia and New Zealand; p for homogeneity <0.0001. Quitting was beneficial in both regions; the hazard ratios for former compared with current smokers were 0.69 (95% CI: 0.53, 0.92) in Asia and 0.30 (95% CI: 0.22, 0.41) in Australia and New Zealand. The lesser effect in Asia was partly explained by the fewer number of cigarettes smoked and the shorter duration of follow-up in Asian studies. These results suggest that tobacco control policies in Asia should not solely concentrate on preventing the uptake of smoking but also attend to cessation. Copyright © 2007 by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86921
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.036
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.047
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHuxley, Ren_HK
dc.contributor.authorJamrozik, Ken_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_HK
dc.contributor.authorBarzi, Fen_HK
dc.contributor.authorAnsaryMoghaddam, Aen_HK
dc.contributor.authorJiang, CQen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSuh, Ien_HK
dc.contributor.authorWoodward, Men_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:22:58Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:22:58Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_HK
dc.identifier.citationAmerican Journal Of Epidemiology, 2007, v. 165 n. 11, p. 1280-1286en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0002-9262en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86921-
dc.description.abstractCigarette smoking is becoming increasingly common in Asia while quitting remains rare, in part because of a lack of knowledge about the risks of smoking. This study compared the risk of death from lung cancer associated with smoking habits in Australia and New Zealand and in Asia by using data from the Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration: 31 studies involving 480,125 individuals. Cox regression models were used. The hazard ratios for lung cancer mortality associated with current smoking were, for men, 2.48 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.99, 3.11) in Asia versus 9.87 (95% CI: 6.04, 16.12) in Australia and New Zealand; p for homogeneity <0.0001. For women, the corresponding estimates were 2.35 (95% CI: 1.29, 4.28) in Asia versus 19.33 (95% CI: 10.0, 37.3) in Australia and New Zealand; p for homogeneity <0.0001. Quitting was beneficial in both regions; the hazard ratios for former compared with current smokers were 0.69 (95% CI: 0.53, 0.92) in Asia and 0.30 (95% CI: 0.22, 0.41) in Australia and New Zealand. The lesser effect in Asia was partly explained by the fewer number of cigarettes smoked and the shorter duration of follow-up in Asian studies. These results suggest that tobacco control policies in Asia should not solely concentrate on preventing the uptake of smoking but also attend to cessation. Copyright © 2007 by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health All rights reserved.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofAmerican Journal of Epidemiologyen_HK
dc.rightsAmerican Journal of Epidemiology. Copyright © Oxford University Press.en_HK
dc.subject.meshAdulten_HK
dc.subject.meshAgeden_HK
dc.subject.meshAsia - epidemiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshAustralia - epidemiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshCase-Control Studiesen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshFollow-Up Studiesen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshLung Neoplasms - etiology - mortalityen_HK
dc.subject.meshMaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_HK
dc.subject.meshNew Zealand - epidemiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshProportional Hazards Modelsen_HK
dc.subject.meshSex Distributionen_HK
dc.subject.meshSmoking - adverse effects - epidemiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshSmoking Cessationen_HK
dc.titleImpact of smoking and smoking cessation on lung cancer mortality in the Asia-Pacific regionen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0002-9262&volume=165&spage=1280&epage=1286&date=2007&atitle=Impact+of+smoking+and+smoking+cessation+on+lung+cancer+mortality+in+the+Asia-Pacific+Regionen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH:hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/aje/kwm002en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid17369610-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-34447257901en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros127250en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-34447257901&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume165en_HK
dc.identifier.issue11en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1280en_HK
dc.identifier.epage1286en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000247005500009-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHuxley, R=6701828350en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJamrozik, K=26426193300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, TH=7202522876en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBarzi, F=7003545543en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAnsaryMoghaddam, A=8608489600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJiang, CQ=10639500500en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSuh, I=7101988200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWoodward, M=7102510958en_HK

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