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Article: Passive smoking and respiratory symptoms in primary school children in Hong Kong

TitlePassive smoking and respiratory symptoms in primary school children in Hong Kong
Authors
KeywordsChildren
Passive smoking
Respiratory symptoms
Smoking
Issue Date1999
PublisherSage Publications Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://het.sagepub.com
Citation
Human And Experimental Toxicology, 1999, v. 18 n. 4, p. 218-223 How to Cite?
Abstract1. We aimed to study whether passive smoking is associated with respiratory ill health in primary school children in Hong Kong. 2. In this cross-sectional study, a standardised structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on respiratory symptoms, smokers in the household and smoking habit of the children. A random sample of 30 primary schools was included. Four classes were randomly selected for each school, one class each from each school year of primary 3-6. A total of 3964 children aged 8-13 years completed the questionnaire during October 1995-May 1996. The response rate was over 94%. 3. In 3480 children who had never smoked, after adjusting for gender, age, place of birth and living district, the odds ratios (95% confidence interval) were: (a) throat problems, 1.35 (1.08-1.68); (b) cough, 1.54 (1.28-1.84); (c) phlegm, 1.43 (1.21-1.70); (d) wheezing, 1.21 (0.89-1.41); (e) nose problems, 1.17 (1.02-1.35). The odds ratios increased with increasing number of smokers at home (P for trend < 0.001; except for wheezing, P = 0.3). The odds ratios for having any of the above symptoms for one, two and three smokers at home were respectively 1.15 (0.99-1.34), 1.48 (1.16-1.88) and 2.03 (1.47-2.81); P for trend < 0.001. 4. We conclude that the results provide further evidence that passive smoking is a cause of respiratory ill health in school children in Hong Kong.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86897
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.604
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.569
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHedley, AJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChung, SFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMacfarlane, DJen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:22:40Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:22:40Z-
dc.date.issued1999en_HK
dc.identifier.citationHuman And Experimental Toxicology, 1999, v. 18 n. 4, p. 218-223en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0960-3271en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86897-
dc.description.abstract1. We aimed to study whether passive smoking is associated with respiratory ill health in primary school children in Hong Kong. 2. In this cross-sectional study, a standardised structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on respiratory symptoms, smokers in the household and smoking habit of the children. A random sample of 30 primary schools was included. Four classes were randomly selected for each school, one class each from each school year of primary 3-6. A total of 3964 children aged 8-13 years completed the questionnaire during October 1995-May 1996. The response rate was over 94%. 3. In 3480 children who had never smoked, after adjusting for gender, age, place of birth and living district, the odds ratios (95% confidence interval) were: (a) throat problems, 1.35 (1.08-1.68); (b) cough, 1.54 (1.28-1.84); (c) phlegm, 1.43 (1.21-1.70); (d) wheezing, 1.21 (0.89-1.41); (e) nose problems, 1.17 (1.02-1.35). The odds ratios increased with increasing number of smokers at home (P for trend < 0.001; except for wheezing, P = 0.3). The odds ratios for having any of the above symptoms for one, two and three smokers at home were respectively 1.15 (0.99-1.34), 1.48 (1.16-1.88) and 2.03 (1.47-2.81); P for trend < 0.001. 4. We conclude that the results provide further evidence that passive smoking is a cause of respiratory ill health in school children in Hong Kong.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherSage Publications Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://het.sagepub.comen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofHuman and Experimental Toxicologyen_HK
dc.rightsHuman & Experimental Toxicology. Copyright © Sage Publications Ltd.en_HK
dc.subjectChildrenen_HK
dc.subjectPassive smokingen_HK
dc.subjectRespiratory symptomsen_HK
dc.subjectSmokingen_HK
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_HK
dc.subject.meshChilden_HK
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshHong Kongen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshMaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen_HK
dc.subject.meshRespiratory Tract Diseases - etiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshSmoking - adverse effectsen_HK
dc.subject.meshTobacco Smoke Pollution - adverse effectsen_HK
dc.titlePassive smoking and respiratory symptoms in primary school children in Hong Kongen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0960-3271&volume=18&spage=218&epage=223&date=1999&atitle=Passive+smoking+and+respiratory+symptoms+in+primary+school+children+in+Hong+Kongen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH: hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailHedley, AJ: hrmrajh@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailMacfarlane, DJ: djmac@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHedley, AJ=rp00357en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMacfarlane, DJ=rp00934en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.pmid10333305-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0032892910en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros40780en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0032892910&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume18en_HK
dc.identifier.issue4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage218en_HK
dc.identifier.epage223en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000079876800006-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, TH=7202522876en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHedley, AJ=7102584095en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChung, SF=19233745400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMacfarlane, DJ=7202978517en_HK

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