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Article: A prospective cohort study on effects of occupational dust exposure on mortality

TitleA prospective cohort study on effects of occupational dust exposure on mortality
職業接觸粉塵與死亡相關的前瞻性隊列研究
Authors
Issue Date2004
Publisher中國工業醫學雜誌編輯部. The Journal's web site is located at http://med.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zggyyxzz
Citation
中國工業醫學雜誌, 2004, v. 17 n. 4, p. 215-219 How to Cite?
Chinese Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2004, v. 17 n. 4, p. 215-219 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective To study the effect of occupational dust exposure on mortality and to provide scientific evidence for formulat-ing policies,laws and regulations for modern occupational health and related work.Method Based on the data from Occupational Health Surveillance Record System in Guangzhou established in1989~1992,80987employees occupationally exposed or not exposed to dust,aged≥30,were included in a prospective cohort study.Result(1)The cohort mainly included married workers,with an average education level of high school and a mean age of43.5years.Among them,16.3%had ever exposed to dust,43.7%smok-ers,and33.5%alcohol-drinkers.(2)The cohort was followed-up for eight years in average,with35lost to follow-up and1539deaths mainly of cancer.Overall rude death rate was380.14/100000and314.56/100000in men and95.72/100000and98.33/100000in women,for those exposed and not exposed to dust,respectively.(3)Relative risks of death were1.24,1.34and2.41for all-cause,malignant neoplasm and respiratory diseases,respectively,in those exposed to dust,adjusted for other confounding factors,with1.57,1.61and5.72,respectively,in men exposed to silica dust,all with statistical significance atα=0.05,as com-pared to those not exposed to dust.(4)Attributable risk proportion(AR%)and population attributable risk proportion(PAR%)for those exposed to dust were19.5%,3.8%,25.4%and5.3%,for all-cause and cancer-cause-specific death,respectively,adjust-ed for related confounding factors.Conclusion Occupational dust exposure could increase the risk of death of all-cause,especially death of malignant neoplasm and respiratory diseases.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86817
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhang, WSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorJiang, CQen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHo, DSYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLiu, WWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHe, JMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorCao, Men_HK
dc.contributor.authorChen, Qen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:21:41Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:21:41Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_HK
dc.identifier.citation中國工業醫學雜誌, 2004, v. 17 n. 4, p. 215-219en_HK
dc.identifier.citationChinese Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2004, v. 17 n. 4, p. 215-219-
dc.identifier.issn1002-221X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86817-
dc.description.abstractObjective To study the effect of occupational dust exposure on mortality and to provide scientific evidence for formulat-ing policies,laws and regulations for modern occupational health and related work.Method Based on the data from Occupational Health Surveillance Record System in Guangzhou established in1989~1992,80987employees occupationally exposed or not exposed to dust,aged≥30,were included in a prospective cohort study.Result(1)The cohort mainly included married workers,with an average education level of high school and a mean age of43.5years.Among them,16.3%had ever exposed to dust,43.7%smok-ers,and33.5%alcohol-drinkers.(2)The cohort was followed-up for eight years in average,with35lost to follow-up and1539deaths mainly of cancer.Overall rude death rate was380.14/100000and314.56/100000in men and95.72/100000and98.33/100000in women,for those exposed and not exposed to dust,respectively.(3)Relative risks of death were1.24,1.34and2.41for all-cause,malignant neoplasm and respiratory diseases,respectively,in those exposed to dust,adjusted for other confounding factors,with1.57,1.61and5.72,respectively,in men exposed to silica dust,all with statistical significance atα=0.05,as com-pared to those not exposed to dust.(4)Attributable risk proportion(AR%)and population attributable risk proportion(PAR%)for those exposed to dust were19.5%,3.8%,25.4%and5.3%,for all-cause and cancer-cause-specific death,respectively,adjust-ed for related confounding factors.Conclusion Occupational dust exposure could increase the risk of death of all-cause,especially death of malignant neoplasm and respiratory diseases.-
dc.languagechien_HK
dc.publisher中國工業醫學雜誌編輯部. The Journal's web site is located at http://med.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zggyyxzz-
dc.relation.ispartof中國工業醫學雜誌en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofChinese Journal of Industrial Medicine-
dc.titleA prospective cohort study on effects of occupational dust exposure on mortalityen_HK
dc.title職業接觸粉塵與死亡相關的前瞻性隊列研究-
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailJiang, CQ: cqjiang@HKUCC.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH: hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailHo, DSY: syho@hkusua.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHo, DSY=rp00427en_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.3969/j.issn.1002-221X.2004.04.003-
dc.identifier.hkuros96520en_HK
dc.identifier.volume17-
dc.identifier.issue4-
dc.identifier.spage215-
dc.identifier.epage219-

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