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Article: Passive smoking exposure of sick children in Hong Kong

TitlePassive smoking exposure of sick children in Hong Kong
Authors
KeywordsChildren
Environmental tobacco smoke
Hong Kong
Passive smoking
Smoking
Issue Date1999
PublisherSage Publications Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://het.sagepub.com
Citation
Human And Experimental Toxicology, 1999, v. 18 n. 4, p. 224-228 How to Cite?
Abstract1. This study aims to investigate the extent of passive smoking exposure of sick children in Hong Kong; their father's smoking behaviors and their mother's action to protect the child from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). 2. This cross-sectional survey was the first phase of a randomized controlled trial on a health education intervention provided by nurses in the general paediatric wards of four major hospitals in Hong Kong. The subjects are non-smoking mothers of sick children admitted to hospital and with a smoking husband living together in the same household with the child. Eligible subjects completed a self-administered baseline questionnaire before entering into the trial. 3. All the 848 children whose mothers completed the questionnaire during December 1997 to April 1998 had a smoking father. They constituted about 24% (95% CI: 22.6-24.9%) of all the sick children during the same period. More than half of the children's fathers (55%; 51.6-58.3%) smoked 1-14 cigarettes per day and about 68% (64.7-71.0%) of them were daily smokers for over 10 years. Over half (53%; 49.4-56.2%) of the fathers smoked 1-14 cigarettes at home every day. About 21% of the fathers smoked near the child occasionally and 31% (27.4-33.6%) smoked 1-14 cigarettes near the child per day. About 16% of the children lived with more than one smoker (2-3). About 86% (83.3-88.0%) of the children had 1-3 smokers who smoked at home and 61% (58.1-64.7%) of them had 1-3 smokers who smoked near them every day. However, 70% of the children were reported by their mothers as exposed to ETS at home. This percentage (70%) was less than the percentage (86%) of smokers who smoked at home daily. About 31.1% of the mothers reported symptoms of coughing and running nose (20.6%) in their children when they were exposed to ETS. To protect the child from ETS exposure, 43% of the mothers requested the father not to smoke near the child, 33.1% requested the father to smoke less cigarettes and 31.5% advised the father to quit smoking. 4. In conclusion, sick children in Hong Kong are at risk of exposure to ETS, but not all mothers are aware of the health risks and their actions were inadequate. There is a critical need to promote awareness of ETS exposure and the health risks in the family in Hong Kong so as to reduce illness and hospital admission in children.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86618
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.604
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.569
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, SSCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_HK
dc.contributor.authorBetson, CLen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:19:15Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:19:15Z-
dc.date.issued1999en_HK
dc.identifier.citationHuman And Experimental Toxicology, 1999, v. 18 n. 4, p. 224-228en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0960-3271en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86618-
dc.description.abstract1. This study aims to investigate the extent of passive smoking exposure of sick children in Hong Kong; their father's smoking behaviors and their mother's action to protect the child from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). 2. This cross-sectional survey was the first phase of a randomized controlled trial on a health education intervention provided by nurses in the general paediatric wards of four major hospitals in Hong Kong. The subjects are non-smoking mothers of sick children admitted to hospital and with a smoking husband living together in the same household with the child. Eligible subjects completed a self-administered baseline questionnaire before entering into the trial. 3. All the 848 children whose mothers completed the questionnaire during December 1997 to April 1998 had a smoking father. They constituted about 24% (95% CI: 22.6-24.9%) of all the sick children during the same period. More than half of the children's fathers (55%; 51.6-58.3%) smoked 1-14 cigarettes per day and about 68% (64.7-71.0%) of them were daily smokers for over 10 years. Over half (53%; 49.4-56.2%) of the fathers smoked 1-14 cigarettes at home every day. About 21% of the fathers smoked near the child occasionally and 31% (27.4-33.6%) smoked 1-14 cigarettes near the child per day. About 16% of the children lived with more than one smoker (2-3). About 86% (83.3-88.0%) of the children had 1-3 smokers who smoked at home and 61% (58.1-64.7%) of them had 1-3 smokers who smoked near them every day. However, 70% of the children were reported by their mothers as exposed to ETS at home. This percentage (70%) was less than the percentage (86%) of smokers who smoked at home daily. About 31.1% of the mothers reported symptoms of coughing and running nose (20.6%) in their children when they were exposed to ETS. To protect the child from ETS exposure, 43% of the mothers requested the father not to smoke near the child, 33.1% requested the father to smoke less cigarettes and 31.5% advised the father to quit smoking. 4. In conclusion, sick children in Hong Kong are at risk of exposure to ETS, but not all mothers are aware of the health risks and their actions were inadequate. There is a critical need to promote awareness of ETS exposure and the health risks in the family in Hong Kong so as to reduce illness and hospital admission in children.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherSage Publications Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://het.sagepub.comen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofHuman and Experimental Toxicologyen_HK
dc.rightsHuman & Experimental Toxicology. Copyright © Sage Publications Ltd.en_HK
dc.subjectChildrenen_HK
dc.subjectEnvironmental tobacco smokeen_HK
dc.subjectHong Kongen_HK
dc.subjectPassive smokingen_HK
dc.subjectSmokingen_HK
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_HK
dc.subject.meshChilden_HK
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen_HK
dc.subject.meshData Collectionen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshHong Kongen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshInfanten_HK
dc.subject.meshMaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_HK
dc.subject.meshTobacco Smoke Pollution - prevention & control - statistics & numerical dataen_HK
dc.titlePassive smoking exposure of sick children in Hong Kongen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0960-3271&volume=8&spage=224&epage=228&date=1999&atitle=Passive+smoking+exposure+of+sick+children+in+Hong+Kongen_HK
dc.identifier.emailChan, SSC: scsophia@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH: hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityChan, SSC=rp00423en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.pmid10333306-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0032892780en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros40805en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0032892780&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume18en_HK
dc.identifier.issue4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage224en_HK
dc.identifier.epage228en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000079876800007-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, SSC=7404255378en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, TH=7202522876en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBetson, CL=6602173411en_HK

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