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Article: Tobacco advertisements: One of the strongest risk factors for smoking in Hong Kong students

TitleTobacco advertisements: One of the strongest risk factors for smoking in Hong Kong students
Authors
Issue Date1998
PublisherElsevier Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/amepre
Citation
American Journal Of Preventive Medicine, 1998, v. 14 n. 3, p. 217-223 How to Cite?
AbstractStudy objective: To describe the prevalence of smoking in junior secondary school students in Hong Kong and to analyse the relationship between a range of risk factors and ever-smoking experience, including tobacco advertisements. Methods: Cross-sectional survey using an anonymous standardised self-administered questionnaire. Setting: 61 randomly selected secondary schools in Hong Kong. Participants: 6,304 form 1 to 3 Chinese students from 172 classes (51% girls and 49% boys; 90% were aged 12 to 15 years). Results: The smoking status (95% confidence interval) was: (1) never smoker, 71.1% (70.0%-72.2%), (2) tried only, 15.5% (14.6%-16.4%), (3) used to smoke but not now, 4.2% (3.7%-4.7%), (4) smoked < 1 cigarette per week, 2.9% (2.5%-3.4%), (5) smoked 1-6 per week, 1.7% (1.4%-2.0%), and (6) smoked > 6 per week, 4.5% (4.0%-5.0%). In a backward stepwise logistic regression model, ever-smoking (including categories 2 to 6 above) was independently associated with thirteen factors, including gender (boys), increasing age, place of birth (outside Hong Kong, mainly China), poor knowledge of the hazards of smoking, positive attitudes to smoking, smoking in family members, participation in tobacco promotional activities, and perception of cigarette advertisements as attractive. Among the strongest associations observed was the youth's perception of cigarette advertisements as attractive, with the adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of 2.68 (2.33-3.07). Conclusions: Smoking among young people is an important public health problem. Although the causes are multifactoral, in Hong Kong environmental tobacco advertising is an important risk factor that can be removed by banning all forms of tobacco promotion to young people.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86553
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.465
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.764
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChung, SFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorBetson, CLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, CMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHedley, AJen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:18:27Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:18:27Z-
dc.date.issued1998en_HK
dc.identifier.citationAmerican Journal Of Preventive Medicine, 1998, v. 14 n. 3, p. 217-223en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0749-3797en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86553-
dc.description.abstractStudy objective: To describe the prevalence of smoking in junior secondary school students in Hong Kong and to analyse the relationship between a range of risk factors and ever-smoking experience, including tobacco advertisements. Methods: Cross-sectional survey using an anonymous standardised self-administered questionnaire. Setting: 61 randomly selected secondary schools in Hong Kong. Participants: 6,304 form 1 to 3 Chinese students from 172 classes (51% girls and 49% boys; 90% were aged 12 to 15 years). Results: The smoking status (95% confidence interval) was: (1) never smoker, 71.1% (70.0%-72.2%), (2) tried only, 15.5% (14.6%-16.4%), (3) used to smoke but not now, 4.2% (3.7%-4.7%), (4) smoked < 1 cigarette per week, 2.9% (2.5%-3.4%), (5) smoked 1-6 per week, 1.7% (1.4%-2.0%), and (6) smoked > 6 per week, 4.5% (4.0%-5.0%). In a backward stepwise logistic regression model, ever-smoking (including categories 2 to 6 above) was independently associated with thirteen factors, including gender (boys), increasing age, place of birth (outside Hong Kong, mainly China), poor knowledge of the hazards of smoking, positive attitudes to smoking, smoking in family members, participation in tobacco promotional activities, and perception of cigarette advertisements as attractive. Among the strongest associations observed was the youth's perception of cigarette advertisements as attractive, with the adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of 2.68 (2.33-3.07). Conclusions: Smoking among young people is an important public health problem. Although the causes are multifactoral, in Hong Kong environmental tobacco advertising is an important risk factor that can be removed by banning all forms of tobacco promotion to young people.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherElsevier Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/amepreen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicineen_HK
dc.rightsAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine. Copyright © Elsevier Inc.en_HK
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_HK
dc.subject.meshAdvertising as Topicen_HK
dc.subject.meshChilden_HK
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studiesen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practiceen_HK
dc.subject.meshHealth Statusen_HK
dc.subject.meshHong Kongen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshLogistic Modelsen_HK
dc.subject.meshMaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshOdds Ratioen_HK
dc.subject.meshPlants, Toxicen_HK
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen_HK
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen_HK
dc.subject.meshSmoking - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshStudents - psychologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshTobaccoen_HK
dc.titleTobacco advertisements: One of the strongest risk factors for smoking in Hong Kong studentsen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0749-3797&volume=14&spage=217&epage=223&date=1998&atitle=Tobacco+advertisements:+one+of+the+strongest+risk+factors+for+smoking+in+Hong+Kong+studentsen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH:hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailWong, CM:hrmrwcm@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailHedley, AJ:hrmrajh@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityWong, CM=rp00338en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHedley, AJ=rp00357en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0749-3797(97)00071-8en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid9569223-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0344074632en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros31254en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0344074632&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume14en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3en_HK
dc.identifier.spage217en_HK
dc.identifier.epage223en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000072924600009-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, TH=7202522876en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChung, SF=19233745400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBetson, CL=6602173411en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, CM=7404954904en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHedley, AJ=7102584095en_HK

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