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Article: A review on studies of smoking and coronary heart disease in China and Hong Kong

TitleA review on studies of smoking and coronary heart disease in China and Hong Kong
Authors
KeywordsChina
Coronary heart disease
Smoking
Issue Date1999
PublisherChinese Medical Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.cmj.org/
Citation
Chinese Medical Journal, 1999, v. 112 n. 1, p. 3-8 How to Cite?
AbstractPurpose To document and review all the published reports on smoking and coronary heart disease (CHD) in China and Hong Kong, and to estimate the risks of CHD due to smoking. Data sources Papers cited in Medline, Chinese Biomedical Literature Disc and Chinese Medical Current Contents, references in review papers, conference papers and abstracts. Study selection All published reports which had findings on smoking and CHD were included. Data extraction Reports on 13 cross-sectional, 16 case-control and 13 prospective studies were included. Available data on risk estimates from 23 studies were extracted and pooled odds ratios (OR) and relative risks (RR) were calculated using Mantel-Haenszel' s methods. Results In China in 1970s, most results, which were from cross-sectional studies, did not show an association between smoking and CHD. In the 1980s, most case control studies found an association but the prospective studies did not. In the 1990s, there was stronger evidence from prospective studies mainly in men. The relative risk was about 1. 90 in men and about 2. 50 - 3. 50 in women although the 95% confidence interval for the latter was wide. Dose response relationships were observed in 12 studies. In Hong Kong, there were one cross-sectional and two case control studies. Conclusions The existing evidence supports that smoking is a cause of CHD in Chinese, particularly in men. More data in women are needed to quantify the risk more precisely. The risk estimates probably indicate only the early stage of a growing tobacco epidemic.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86503
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.957
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.428
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHe, Yen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, LHen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:17:51Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:17:51Z-
dc.date.issued1999en_HK
dc.identifier.citationChinese Medical Journal, 1999, v. 112 n. 1, p. 3-8en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0366-6999en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86503-
dc.description.abstractPurpose To document and review all the published reports on smoking and coronary heart disease (CHD) in China and Hong Kong, and to estimate the risks of CHD due to smoking. Data sources Papers cited in Medline, Chinese Biomedical Literature Disc and Chinese Medical Current Contents, references in review papers, conference papers and abstracts. Study selection All published reports which had findings on smoking and CHD were included. Data extraction Reports on 13 cross-sectional, 16 case-control and 13 prospective studies were included. Available data on risk estimates from 23 studies were extracted and pooled odds ratios (OR) and relative risks (RR) were calculated using Mantel-Haenszel' s methods. Results In China in 1970s, most results, which were from cross-sectional studies, did not show an association between smoking and CHD. In the 1980s, most case control studies found an association but the prospective studies did not. In the 1990s, there was stronger evidence from prospective studies mainly in men. The relative risk was about 1. 90 in men and about 2. 50 - 3. 50 in women although the 95% confidence interval for the latter was wide. Dose response relationships were observed in 12 studies. In Hong Kong, there were one cross-sectional and two case control studies. Conclusions The existing evidence supports that smoking is a cause of CHD in Chinese, particularly in men. More data in women are needed to quantify the risk more precisely. The risk estimates probably indicate only the early stage of a growing tobacco epidemic.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherChinese Medical Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.cmj.org/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofChinese Medical Journalen_HK
dc.subjectChinaen_HK
dc.subjectCoronary heart diseaseen_HK
dc.subjectSmokingen_HK
dc.titleA review on studies of smoking and coronary heart disease in China and Hong Kongen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0366-6999&volume=112&spage=3&epage=8&date=1999&atitle=A+review+on+studies+of+smoking+and+coronary+heart+disease+in+China+and+Hong+Kongen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, LH:hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, LH=rp00326en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.pmid11593636-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0032601025en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros39291en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0032601025&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume112en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage3en_HK
dc.identifier.epage8en_HK
dc.publisher.placeChinaen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHe, Y=7404942229en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, LH=7202522876en_HK

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